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Method of manipulating nanosize objects and utilization thereof 新技術説明会

外国特許コード F110003356
整理番号 A241-42WO
掲載日 2011年6月23日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 66165605
公報番号 20070284544
公報番号 7728284
出願日 平成17年3月3日(2005.3.3)
公報発行日 平成19年12月13日(2007.12.13)
公報発行日 平成22年6月1日(2010.6.1)
国際出願番号 JP2005003637
国際公開番号 WO2006027863
国際出願日 平成17年3月3日(2005.3.3)
国際公開日 平成18年3月16日(2006.3.16)
優先権データ
  • 特願2004-257017 (2004.9.3) JP
  • 2005WO-JP03637 (2005.3.3) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Method of manipulating nanosize objects and utilization thereof 新技術説明会
発明の概要(英語) (US7728284)
Light resonant with an electronic excitation level of nanosize objects is projected onto a plurality of closely located nanosize objects, such as quantum dots, quantum dot pairs, and a carbon nanotube, in a collection of nanosize objects is disclosed.
In so doing, to control the mechanical interaction induced between the nanosize objects, the projected resonant light is changed in polarization.
This enables the collective manipulation of the nanosize objects.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
the resonant light is changed in polarization so as to excite resonance energy of closely positioned nanosize objects to a level below resonance energy of a single nanosize object.
[claim2]
2. The method of claim 1, wherein a standing wave is produced to arrange the nanosize objects on the standing wave.
[claim3]
3. The method of claim 1, wherein a standing wave is produced to manipulate the nanosize objects, the standing wave being regulated in terms of where the standing wave is produced to attach the nanosize objects onto a substrate.
[claim4]
4. The method of claim 1, comprising step (a) of illuminating the nanosize objects in the collection of nanosize objects with the resonant light for manipulation of the objects, so as to control a collective motion and/or arrangement of the nanosize objects.
[claim5]
5. The method of claim 4, further comprising step (b) of illuminating the nanosize objects in the collection of nanosize objects with resonant light for manipulation of the objects, so as to control a position of a center of mass and/or motion of the nanosize objects of which the motion and/or arrangement are already under control.
[claim6]
6. The method of claim 4, further comprising step (b) of illuminating the nanosize objects with resonant light for manipulation of the objects, so as to control a position of a center of mass and/or motion of the nanosize objects before, simultaneously with, or alternately with controlling the motion and/or arrangement of the collection of nanosize objects in step (a).
[claim7]
7. The method of claim 1, comprising step (d) of forming the collection of nanosize objects.
[claim8]
8. The method of claim 7, wherein in step (d), the collection of nanosize objects is formed with focused light.
[claim9]
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the nanosize objects are either quantum dots or quantum dot pairs.
[claim10]
10. The method of claim 9, wherein: the collection of nanosize objects contains either a plurality of types of nanosize objects having different electronic excitation levels or a plurality of types of nanosize objects of the same material, but differing in at least one of size, shape, and internal structure; the method comprises step (c) of illuminating the nanosize objects with the resonant light to select particular nanosize objects from the collection of nanosize objects, in which step either nanosize objects with a particular electronic excitation level or nanosize objects with substantially the same size, shape, and internal structure are selected.
[claim11]
11. The method of claim 9, wherein: the method comprises step (d) of forming the collection of nanosize objects; and
the collection of nanosize objects formed in step (d) is a collection of quantum dots.
[claim12]
12. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
the resonant light is changed in polarization so as to excite resonance energy of closely positioned nanosize objects to a level above resonance energy of a single nanosize object.
[claim13]
13. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
the resonant light is a laser beam A which is polarized light oscillating in a direction D1 and which covers only an energy region including a peak below resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce attractive force between nanosize objects in the direction D1 and no force between nanosize objects in a direction D2, where the directions D1 and D2 are orthogonal to each other.
[claim14]
14. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: Illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
the resonant light is a laser beam A which is polarized light oscillating in a direction D1 and which covers only an energy region including a peak above resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce repulsive force between nanosize objects in a direction D2 and no force between nanosize objects in the direction D1, where the directions D1 and D2 are orthogonal to each other.
[claim15]
15. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: Illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects, wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects;
the resonant light, under one set of conditions, is a laser beam A which is polarized light oscillating in a direction D1 and which covers only an energy region including a peak below resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce attractive force between nanosize objects in the direction D1 and no force between nanosize objects in a direction D2; and
the resonant light, under another set of conditions, is a laser beam B which is polarized light oscillating in the direction D2 and which covers only an energy region including a peak below resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce attractive force between nanosize objects in the direction D2 and no force between nanosize objects in the direction D1, in order to induce attractive force between nanosize objects both in the direction D1 and in the direction D2, where the directions D1 and D2 are orthogonal to each other.
[claim16]
16. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects, wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects;
the resonant light, under one set of conditions, is a laser beam A which is polarized light oscillating in a direction D1 and which covers only an energy region including a peak above resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce repulsive force between nanosize objects in a direction D2 and no force between nanosize objects in the direction D1; and
the resonant light, under another set of conditions, is a laser beam B which is polarized light oscillating in a direction D2 and which covers only an energy region including a peak above resonance energy of a single nanosize object so as to induce repulsive force between nanosize objects in a direction D1 and no force between nanosize objects in the direction D2, in order to induce repulsive force between nanosize objects both in the direction D1 and in the direction D2, where the directions D1 and D2 are orthogonal to each other.
[claim17]
17. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects, wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects;
a standing wave is produced to arrange the nanosize objects on the standing wave; and
the standing wave is produced by the resonant light and reflection thereof from a substrate.
[claim18]
18. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: Illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
a standing wave is produced to exert a radiation force against gravity onto the nanosize objects.
[claim19]
19. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is changed in polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects; and
an evanescent wave is produced to exert a radiation force against gravity onto the nanosize objects.
[claim20]
20. A method of manipulating nanosize objects, said method comprising: Illuminating nanosize objects with light resonant with an electronic excitation level of the nanosize objects to induce force being exerted on the nanosize objects from the resonant light for manipulation of the nanosize objects,
wherein:
the resonant light illuminates a collection of nanosize objects;
the resonant light is change din polarization to control mechanical interaction of the nanosize objects;
the nanosize objects are either quantum dots or quantum dot pairs,
the method comprises step (d) of forming the collection of nanosize objects;
the collection of nanosize objects formed in step (d) is a collection of quantum dots with particular properties,
the method comprises step (a) of illuminating the nanosize objects in the collection of nanosize objects with the resonant light for manipulation of the objects, so as to control a collective motion and/or arrangement of the nanosize objects; and distances separating quantum dots in the collection of quantum dots are controlled to form a quantum dot pair.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • ISHIHARA HAJIME
  • IIDA TAKUYA
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • B82B003/00
  • B82Y010/00
  • B82Y020/00
  • B82Y030/00
  • B82Y040/00
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) CREST Creation of Nanodevices and System Based on New Physical Phenomena and Functional Principles AREA
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