LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL
The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device using nematic liquid crystal material with low power consumption and having a memory characteristic which can be easily fabricated with a high yield. The liquid crystal device using nematic liquid crystal material includes: a pair of substrates (1,4) with plate-like electrode layers (2,5) thereon
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the pair of substrates (1,4)
and alignment layers (3,6) arranged between the liquid crystal layer and at least one of the pair of substrates (1,4). The alignment layers (3,6) include a plurality of different alignment domains having a substantially vertical direction and substantially horizontal direction to the surface of the substrate.
Both of two orientation states, i.e. a substantially vertical orientation state and a substantially horizontal orientation state of the liquid crystal, are stable and have a memory characteristic in the absence of an electric field.