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Liquid crystal display device

外国特許コード F110003739
整理番号 E05901US1
掲載日 2011年7月4日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 91563710
公報番号 20110043740
公報番号 9007551
出願日 平成22年10月29日(2010.10.29)
公報発行日 平成23年2月24日(2011.2.24)
公報発行日 平成27年4月14日(2015.4.14)
国際出願番号 JP2001005930
国際公開番号 WO2002006887
国際出願日 平成13年7月9日(2001.7.9)
国際公開日 平成14年1月24日(2002.1.24)
優先権データ
  • 特願2000-213040 (2000.7.13) JP
  • 特願2001-066435 (2001.3.9) JP
  • 10/070,908 (2002.7.12) US
  • 2001JP005930 (2001.7.9) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Liquid crystal display device
発明の概要(英語) A high resolution, wide viewing angle, low power consumption liquid crystal display device which utilizes nematic liquid crystal and which can attain both the memory effect and wide-viewing-angle display characteristic.
A liquid crystal display device that utilizes nematic liquid crystal and includes a pair of transparent substrates; a group of electrodes for applying to a liquid crystal layer disposed between the pair of substrates an electric field having a component substantially parallel to the surfaces of the substrates; and an alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and at least one of the pair of substrates and having been subjected to liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural directions.
The plurality of liquid crystal anchoring directions of the alignment layer form substantially equal angles relative to one another, and a rising angle in each of the liquid crystal anchoring directions with respect to the corresponding substrate surface is substantially zero.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a pair of substrates, at least one of which is transparent;
a liquid crystal layer between the pair of substrates;
a group of electrodes formed on at least one of the substrates and adapted to apply an electric field to the liquid crystal layer, the electric field having a component substantially parallel to the surfaces of the substrates; and
an alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and at least one of the substrates,
wherein the alignment layer has been subjected to liquid crystal anchoring treatments in two directions to form two liquid crystal in-plane anchoring directions in the same plane;
the two liquid crystal in-plane anchoring directions of the alignment layer form an angle of about 90 deg. relative to each other on the corresponding substrate surface;
a pretilt angle in one liquid crystal anchoring direction with respect to the corresponding substrate surface is substantially zero,
a pretilt angle in the other liquid crystal anchoring direction with respect to the corresponding substrate surface is not substantially zero; and
the device is capable of maintaining two stable in-plane alignment states of the liquid crystal layer even after the removal of the applied electric field.
[claim2]
2. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions is obtained by performing uniform anchoring treatment over an entire target area in each of the in-plane directions.
[claim3]
3. The liquid crystal device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions is obtained by dividing an entire target area into plural sub-areas corresponding to the plural in-plane directions and
performing anchoring treatment in each of the sub-areas in the corresponding in-plane direction.
[claim4]
4. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions is obtained by irradiating the alignment layer with linearly polarized light which is capable of causing a chemical reaction on the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim5]
5. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions is obtained by scanning the alignment layer with a probe which is capable of imparting stress to the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim6]
6. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions is obtained by scanning the alignment layer with light which is capable of causing a chemical reaction on the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim7]
7. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1 wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises a liquid crystal material which comprises chiral molecules.
[claim8]
8. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises a liquid crystal material having a positive or negative dielectric anisotropy depending on the frequency of an applied AC electric field.
[claim9]
9. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, further comprising an additional electrode on each of the substrates wherein the additional electrodes form a pair.
[claim10]
10. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, further comprising a light reflection plate on one of the substrates.
[claim11]
11. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein the in-plane alignment states remain energetically stable even after removal of applied voltage.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • YONEYA MAKOTO
  • KIM JONG-HYUN
  • YOKOYAMA HIROSHI
  • YAMAMOTO JUN
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 349/123
  • 349/124
  • 349/125
  • 349/126
  • 349/127
  • 349/129
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) ERATO Yokoyama Nano structured Liquid Crystal AREA
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