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Current injection magnetic domain wall moving element

外国特許コード F110003795
整理番号 E07001WO
掲載日 2011年7月5日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 58563805
公報番号 20080137405
公報番号 8331140
出願日 平成17年1月14日(2005.1.14)
公報発行日 平成20年6月12日(2008.6.12)
公報発行日 平成24年12月11日(2012.12.11)
国際出願番号 JP2005000336
国際公開番号 WO2005069368
国際出願日 平成17年1月14日(2005.1.14)
国際公開日 平成17年7月28日(2005.7.28)
優先権データ
  • 特願2004-007514 (2004.1.15) JP
  • 2005JP000336 (2005.1.14) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Current injection magnetic domain wall moving element
発明の概要(英語) The present invention provides a current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device which requires no external magnetic field for reversing the magnetization direction of a ferromagnetic body and which has low power consumption.
The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device includes a microjunction structure including two magnetic bodies (a first magnetic body 1 and a second magnetic body 2) having magnetization directions antiparallel to each other and a third magnetic body 3 sandwiched therebetween.
The magnetization direction of the device is controlled in such a manner that a pulse current (a current density of 104-107 A/cm2) is applied across junction interfaces present in the microjunction structure such that a magnetic domain wall is moved by the interaction between the magnetic domain wall and the current in the same direction as that of the current or in the direction opposite to that of the current.
従来技術、競合技術の概要(英語) BACKGROUND ART
In order to reverse the direction of the magnetizations of magnetic bodies included in recording media, application of external magnetic fields has been necessary.
Patent Document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2003-272114
Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2003-272112
Non-patent Document 1: Science, vol. 301, pp. 943-945 (Aug. 15, 2003)

特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device comprising: a first magnetic film directly adjacent to a third magnetic film and a second magnetic film directly adjacent to the third magnetic film, the second magnetic film having a magnetization direction antiparallel to that of the first magnetic film, a first microjunction interface between the first and the third magnetic films, and a second microjunction interface between the third and the second magnetic films, wherein
the magnetization direction of the third magnetic film is controlled by a current that is applied to pass through the first and second microjunction interfaces, wherein a magnetic domain wall present between the first and second magnetic film is moved within the third magnetic film in the same direction as a flow of the current or in the direction opposite to the flow of the current by direct interaction between the magnetic domain wall and the flow of the current.
[claim2]
2. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the magnetic films are made of a magnetic semiconductor.
[claim3]
3. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 2, wherein the magnetic semiconductor is a (Ga, Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductor.
[claim4]
4. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 2, wherein the magnetic semiconductor is an (In, Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductor.
[claim5]
5. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the current is a pulse current.
[claim6]
6. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 5, wherein the pulse current has a current density of 104-107 A/cm2.
[claim7]
7. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second magnetic films are formed in a magnetic field.
[claim8]
8. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the magnetization directions of the first and second magnetic films are aligned antiparallel to each other with an external magnetic field using a difference in coercive force therebetween after film formation.
[claim9]
9. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 8, wherein the first and second magnetic films are made of different materials.
[claim10]
10. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second magnetic films are made of the same material and the second magnetic film is magnetically coupled with an antiferromagnetic film disposed on the second magnetic film such that the first and second magnetic film have different coercive forces.
[claim11]
11. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second magnetic films are made of the same material, and have different film thicknesses, such that the first and second magnetic films have different coercive forces.
[claim12]
12. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second magnetic films are made of the same material, and have different shapes, such that the first and second magnetic films have different coercive forces due to difference of shape anisotropy.
[claim13]
13. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 2, 3, or 4, wherein different external electric fields are applied to the first and second magnetic films made of the magnetic semiconductor, such that the first and second magnetic films have different coercive forces.
[claim14]
14. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the third magnetic body has a reduced cross-sectional area such that the magnetic domain wall is encouraged to be positioned at the first or second microjunction interface, whereby the energy loss due to the creation of the magnetic domain wall in the third magnetic film is less than both that in the first magnetic film and that in the second magnetic film.
[claim15]
15. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the third magnetic film is made of a material with a magnetization smaller than that of a material for forming the first and second magnetic films such that the magnetic domain wall is encouraged to be positioned at the first or second microjunction interface, whereby the energy loss due to the creation of the magnetic domain wall in the third magnetic film is less than both that in the first magnetic film and that in the second magnetic film.
[claim16]
16. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first to third magnetic films are made of the same material and the magnetization of the third magnetic film is rendered smaller than both that of the first magnetic film and that of the second magnetic film by applying an external electric field to the third magnetic film such that the magnetic domain wall is encouraged to be positioned at the first or second microjunction interface, whereby the energy loss due to the creation of the magnetic domain wall in the third magnetic film is less than both that in the first magnetic film and that in the second magnetic film.
[claim17]
17. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second microjunction interfaces have constrictions such that the magnetic domain wall is encouraged to be positioned at the first or second microjunction interface, whereby the magnetic domain wall is encouraged to be trapped at one of the constrictions.
[claim18]
18. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 1, wherein the magnetization direction of the third magnetic film can be read out.
[claim19]
19. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-motion device according to claim 18, wherein the magnetization state of the third magnetic film is read out in such a manner that the resistance of the third magnetic film is measured by applying a small current that is insufficient to move the magnetic domain wall, to a current injection terminal using a feature that the device has different resistances depending whether the magnetic domain wall is located at the first or second microjunction interface.
[claim20]
20. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-moving device according to claim 19, wherein the first and second microjunction interfaces are formed to have asymmetric structure such that a difference in resistance is readily created in the third magnetic film.
[claim21]
21. The current injection-type magnetic domain wall-moving device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second magnetic films have fixed magnetization directions.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • OHNO HIDEO
  • MATSUKURA FUMIHIRO
  • CHIBA DAICHI
  • YAMANOUCHI MICHIHIKO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • TOHOKU UNIVERSITY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 365/173
  • 257/E43.004
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) ERATO OHNO Semiconductor Spintronics AREA
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