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Filter

外国特許コード F110004829
整理番号 A221-14WO
掲載日 2011年7月22日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 99723309
公報番号 20110153704
公報番号 8949303
出願日 平成21年6月1日(2009.6.1)
公報発行日 平成23年6月23日(2011.6.23)
公報発行日 平成27年2月3日(2015.2.3)
国際出願番号 JP2009059953
国際公開番号 WO2009150949
国際出願日 平成21年6月1日(2009.6.1)
国際公開日 平成21年12月17日(2009.12.17)
優先権データ
  • 特願2008-151982 (2008.6.10) JP
  • 特願2008-200907 (2008.8.4) JP
  • 2009JP059953 (2009.6.1) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Filter
発明の概要(英語) Provided is an FIR filter capable of obtaining predetermined characteristics with a small number of input taps, delay circuits, and multipliers and achieving an improved response and low cost.
In a low-pass filter, a band-pass filter, and a high-pass filter based on an FIR filter, a basic filter is configured that gives a basic impulse response function and has a filter coefficient determined from the impulse response function.
Filters having different frequency characteristics are configured by changing the time scale or frequency scale of the basic filter.
These filters having different frequency characteristics are combined in a cascade form or a step form, thereby constructing an FIR filter having a small number of taps.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A filter for providing desired characteristics, the filter comprising a combination of a plurality of scaled filters, where said scaled filters are formed by scaling at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain, wherein said at least one basic filter comprises at least one of a basic low-pass filter and a basic high-pass filter, wherein said at least one basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein said at least one basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function;
wherein said combination of the plurality of scaled filters is selected such that a passband width of said combination is larger than or equal to a predetermined range; and
wherein the combination of the plurality of scaled filters is configured to form a passband filter and a stopband filter, wherein said formed pastband filter has passband characteristics satisfying predetermined required characteristics and wherein said formed stopband filter has stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics.
[claim2]
2. A filter according to claim 1, wherein said basic filter is configured to sequentially add received signals delayed by multiplying a discrete input in a finite interval by a coefficient a number of delay elements in the basic filter is increased or decreased to form said passband filter and said stopband filter; and wherein the scaled filter(s) are connected in cascade in the order in which filter bandwidth changes in stages and to output signals.
[claim3]
3. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic low-pass filter and the basic high-pass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by connecting the selected scaled filters in cascade, a passband filter is formed such that the passband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics and a stopband filter is formed such that the stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics.
[claim4]
4. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic low-pass filter and the basic high-pass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by the selected scaled filters, a passband characteristics filter is provided, by selecting a scaled low-pass filter that satisfies required characteristics, and connecting the scaled high-pass filters in cascade to the selected scaled low-pass filter.
[claim5]
5. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic low-pass filter and the basic high-pass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by the selected scaled filters, a passband characteristics filter is provided, by selecting a scaled high-pass filter that satisfies required characteristics, and connecting the scaled low-pass filters in cascade to the selected scaled high-pass filter.
[claim6]
6. A filter according to claim 1, wherein at a maximum degree of scaling of said at least one basic filter that satisfies a predetermined passband width, the maximum scaling value P, which is the number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is the minimum value of p that satisfies the following expression:
(Equation image 26 not included in text)
where f3 is a frequency (given by design specifications) that crosses a -3 dB line, f3(0) is a (predetermined) -3 dB point of the basic low pass filter L[p] o, and f3(p) is a -3 dB point of a low pass filter Lp formed by scaling the basic low pass filter.
[claim7]
7. A filter according to claim 4, wherein a correction filter whose required characteristics are equal to stopband characteristics is formed by the scaled filters, and wherein the correction filter is connected to the passband characteristics filter in cascade.
[claim8]
8. A filter according to claim 5, wherein a correction filter whose required characteristics are equal to stopband characteristics is formed by the scaled filters, and wherein the correction filter is connected to the passband characteristics filter in cascade.
[claim9]
9. An FIR filter for providing desired characteristics, the filter comprising a combination of a plurality of scaled filters, wherein said scaled fillers are formed by scaling basic filters in the time domain or the frequency domain based on provided input design characteristics for filter configuration; wherein said provided input design characteristics comprise a center frequency, a cutoff frequency, a stopband frequency, a maximum attenuation degree in a stopband, and a sampling frequency, wherein one of said basic filters comprises a basic low-pass filter and wherein another of said basic filters comprises a basic high-pass filter; wherein each basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein each basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function; and wherein said scaled filters are formed by scaling on the basis of a scaling factor of the highest degree; wherein said scaling factor of the highest degree is determined from a passband frequency width; said passband frequency being determined by the cutoff frequency and the center frequency;
wherein scaled filters formed by scaling on the basis of a scaling factor of a degree lower than the the highest degree are sequentially selected;
wherein said scaled filters are selected to keep an attenuation degree at the stopband frequency of the FIR filter lower than or equal to the maximum attenuation degree;
the FIR filter is configured by a sequential cascade connection of the selected scaled filters; and
wherein a filter gain at a frequency determined by the ratio of the sampling frequency and (scaling factor +1) is obtained as the maximum stopband attenuation degree.
[claim10]
10. A filter according to claim 9, wherein the filter coefficient is quantized, wherein the passband frequency width, an attenuation degree at the cutoff frequency, and the stopband attenuation degree are re-calculated by the quantized coefficient, and wherein an increased or decreased number of scaled filters are combined to keep an error of each of the above values caused by quantization within a permissible range.
[claim11]
11. A filter according to claim 9, wherein a scaling factor of highest degree, which is a number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is determined from the ratio between the passband frequency width of the basic filter(s) and the passband frequency width of a filter to be formed by scaling the basic filters.
[claim12]
12. A filter according to claim 9, further comprising a filter which is identical to a selected scaled filter is connected in cascade therewith if a filter gain at the stopband frequency of the filter decreases when the selected scaled filter is so connected.
[claim13]
13. A filter according to claim 9, wherein at a maximum degree of scaling of said at least one basic filter that satisfies a predetermined passband width, the maximum scaling value P, which is the number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is the minimum value of p that satisfies the following expression:
(Equation image 27 not included in text)
where f3 is a frequency (given by design specifications) that crosses a -3 dB line, f3(0) is a (predetermined) -3 dB point of the basic low pass filter L[p] o, and f3(p) is a -3 dB point of a low pass filter Lp formed by scaling the basic low pass filter.
[claim14]
14. A method of configuring a filter for providing desired characteristics, the method comprising providing at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain, wherein said at least one basic filter comprises at least one of a basic low-pass filter and a basic high-pass filter, wherein said at least one basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein said at least one basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function;
scaling said at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain to form a plurality of scaled filters; [and]
selecting a combination of said scaled filters such that a passband width of said combination is larger than or equal to a predetermined range; and
further comprising configuring a combination of the scaled filters to form a passband filter and a stopband filter, wherein said formed pastband filter has passband characteristics satisfying predetermined required characteristics and wherein said formed stopband filter has stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • TORAICHI KAZUO
  • KAWASAKI SHUJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 708/319
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) CREST New High-Performance Information Processing Technology Supporting Information-Oriented Society - Aiming at the Creation of New High-Speed, Large-Capacity Computing Technology Based on Quantum Effects, Molecular Functions, Parallel Processing, etc.- AREA
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