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Two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator and optical reflector using interference between point defects

外国特許コード F110005157
整理番号 A112-28US
掲載日 2011年8月24日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 50814503
公報番号 20050147371
公報番号 6996319
出願日 平成15年3月26日(2003.3.26)
公報発行日 平成17年7月7日(2005.7.7)
公報発行日 平成18年2月7日(2006.2.7)
国際出願番号 JP2003003763
国際公開番号 WO2003081305
国際出願日 平成15年3月26日(2003.3.26)
国際公開日 平成15年10月2日(2003.10.2)
優先権データ
  • 特願2002-086222 (2002.3.26) JP
  • 2003WO-JP03763 (2003.3.26) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator and optical reflector using interference between point defects
発明の概要(英語) (US6996319)
The present invention provides a two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator and reflector having high light-extracting efficiency.
A two-dimensional photonic crystal consisting of a slab-shaped body is created by periodically arranging holes having a refractive index different from that of the body.
A waveguide is formed by providing a linear zone where no hole is bored.
Two acceptor type point defects are formed by enlarging two holes spaced apart from each other by a distance L in the longitudinal direction of the waveguide.
An appropriate selection of the distance L suppresses or increases the reflection and transmission of light at the point defects, allowing an efficient extraction of light resonating at the point defects.
This allows the body to be used as an optical resonator for producing a resonance of light between the two point defects or optical reflector for reflecting light at the two point defects.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects, characterized in that it comprises:
a) a slab-shaped body;
b) a plurality of modified refractive index areas having a refractive index different from that of the body, which are periodically arranged in the body;c) one waveguide formed in the body by making defects of the modified refractive index areas linearly;
and
d) a point-like defect pair consisting of two point-like defects of the same type, which are located in proximity to the waveguide and spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction of the waveguide by a distance (2n-1)/4 times as long as the resonance wavelength of interest, where n is a positive integer,and in that it extracts light from the waveguide in the body at one of the two point-like defects that is first encountered by the light propagating through the waveguide.
[claim2]
2. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 1, characterized in that each defect of the point-like defect pair is a cluster defect composed of two or more defects adjacent to each other.
[claim3]
3. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 1, characterized in that each defect constituting the point-like defect pair is located at the same distance from the waveguide.
[claim4]
4. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 1, characterized in that the modified refractive index areas consist of holes bored in the body.
[claim5]
5. A two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects, characterized in that it comprises:
a) a slab-shaped body;
b) a plurality of modified refractive index areas having a refractive index different from that of the body, which are periodically arranged in the body;c) a waveguide formed in the body by making defects of the modified refractive index areas linearly;
and
d) a point-like defect pair consisting of two point-like defects of the same type, which are located in proximity to the waveguide and spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction of the waveguide by a distance n/2 times as long as a resonance wavelength of interest, where n is a positive integer.
[claim6]
6. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 5, characterized in that each defect of the point like-defect pair is a cluster defect composed of two or more defects adjacent to each other.
[claim7]
7. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 5, characterized in that each defect constituting the point like-defect pair is an optical reflector consisting of two point defects of the same type, which are spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction of the waveguide by a distance m/2 times as long as the resonance wavelength of interest, where m is a positive integer and n>m.
[claim8]
8. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 7, characterized in that another optical reflector is located in opposition to the aforementioned optical reflector across the waveguide and in a width-direction of the waveguide.
[claim9]
9. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 7, characterized in that the point-like defect constituting the optical reflector is a cluster defect.
[claim10]
10. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 5, characterized in that the waveguide contains a laser medium.
[claim11]
11. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 5, characterized in that each defect constituting the point-like defect pair is located at the same distance from the waveguide.
[claim12]
12. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical resonator using interference between point defects according to claim 5, characterized in that the modified refractive index areas consist of holes bored in the body.
[claim13]
13. A two-dimensional photonic crystal optical reflector using interference between point defects, characterized in that it comprises:
a) a slab-shaped body;b) a plurality of modified refractive index areas having a refractive index different from that of the body, which are periodically arranged in the body;c) a waveguide formed in the body by making defects of the modified refractive index areas linearly;
and
d) a point-like defect pair consisting of two point-like defects of the same type, which are located in proximity to the waveguide and spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction of the waveguide by a distance m/2 times as long as a resonance wavelength of interest, where m is a positive integer.
[claim14]
14. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical reflector using interference between point defects according to claim 13, characterized in that it comprises another point-like defect pair of the same type located in opposition to the aforementioned point-like defect pair across the waveguide and in a width-direction of the waveguide.
[claim15]
15. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical reflector using interference between point defects according to claim 13, characterized in that each defect constituting the point-like defect pair is located at the same distance from the waveguide.
[claim16]
16. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical reflector using interference between point defects according to claim 13, characterized in that the modified refractive index areas consist of holes bored in the body.
[claim17]
17. The two-dimensional photonic crystal optical reflector using interference between point defects according to claim 13, characterized in that each defect of the point like-defect pair is a cluster defect composed of two or more defects adjacent to each other.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • NODA SUSUMU
  • ASANO TAKASHI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 385/129
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) CREST Function Evolution of Materials and Devices based on Electron/Photon Related Phenomena AREA
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