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CPP-type giant manetoresistance effect element and magnetic component and magnetic device using it

外国特許コード F110005222
整理番号 A241-17US
掲載日 2011年8月26日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 54400704
公報番号 20060139817
公報番号 7385790
出願日 平成16年1月23日(2004.1.23)
公報発行日 平成18年6月29日(2006.6.29)
公報発行日 平成20年6月10日(2008.6.10)
国際出願番号 JP2004000594
国際公開番号 WO2004068607
国際出願日 平成16年1月23日(2004.1.23)
国際公開日 平成16年8月12日(2004.8.12)
優先権データ
  • 特願2003-024981 (2003.1.31) JP
  • 特願2003-137945 (2003.5.15) JP
  • 2004WO-JP00594 (2004.1.23) WO
発明の名称 (英語) CPP-type giant manetoresistance effect element and magnetic component and magnetic device using it
発明の概要(英語) (US7385790)
Disclosed is a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device ( 10, 20, 50 ) capable of exhibiting a giant magnetoresistance effect by spin dependent current in a direction perpendicular to a film plane as well as magnetic components and units using the device.
The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device has a multi-layered structure of an antiferromagnetic layer ( 9 ), a ferromagnetic fixed layer ( 11, 11 A), a nonmagnetic conductive layer ( 12 ) and a ferromagnetic free layer ( 13, 13 A) wherein the ferromagnetic free layer ( 13, 13 A) has a first magnetic layer ( 14, 14 A) and a second magnetic layer ( 16, 16 A) magnetically coupled together antiparallel to each other via a magnetic coupler ( 15, 15 A) and formed to have different magnitudes of magnetization ( 17, 17'; 18, 18 A) from each other.
Electrons ( 5 ) with upward spin and electrons ( 6 ) with downward spin are scattered spin-dependently according to orientations in magnetization of the ferromagnetic fixed layer ( 11, 11 A) and the ferromagnetic free layer ( 13, 13 A) and are allowed to trace paths ( 1, 2, 3, 4 ) whereby the CPP-GMR is increased.
Also, in a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device ( 30 ) having a ferromagnetic fixed layer ( 11 ), a nonmagnetic conductive layer ( 12 ) and a ferromagnetic free layer ( 13 A), there may be a layer ( 21 ) made of one or more of ruthenium, iridium, rhodium, rhenium and chromium between the ferromagnetic fixed layer ( 11 ) and the nonmagnetic conductive layer ( 12 ) and/or on a surface of the ferromagnetic free layer ( 13 A).
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A CPP type giant magnetoresistance device having a ferromagnetic fixed layer, a nonmagnetic conductive layer and a ferromagnetic free layer, characterized in that: said ferromagnetic free layer has a first and a second magnetic layer magnetically coupled together antiparallel to each other via a magnetic coupler and formed to have different magnitudes of magnetization from each other wherein said first and second magnetic layers are adapted to reverse their magnetizations jointly while maintaining their mutual antiparallel state of magnetization, and CPP-GMR of said CPP type giant magnetoresistance device having said ferromagnetic free layer is larger than CPP-GMR of the CPP type giant magnetoresistance device having a ferromagnetic layer as said ferromagnetic free layer.
[claim2]
2. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said magnetic coupler in said ferromagnetic free layer forms an interface that is responsive to a spin dependent current of said ferromagnetic fixed layer for scattering spin dependent electrons.
[claim3]
3. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of such ferromagnetic free layers are laid one upon another to increase its CPP-GMR.
[claim4]
4. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that the first and second magnetic layers in said ferromagnetic free layer have an aspect ratio not greater than 2.
[claim5]
5. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said magnetic coupler comprises a nonmagnetic metal or semiconductor layer.
[claim6]
6. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said magnetic coupler comprises an alloy containing any one or more or of any combination, or a multi-layer of any combination, of ruthenium, iridium, rhodium, rhenium and chromium.
[claim7]
7. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said magnetic coupler is in the form of a thin film having a film thickness of not greater than 1.5 nm.
[claim8]
8. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said nonmagnetic conductive layer is made of copper as a material bringing about large spin dependent scattering.
[claim9]
9. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said ferromagnetic fixed layer is of spin valve type having a ferromagnetic layer and an antiferromagnetic layer placed adjacent thereto.
[claim10]
10. A magnetic component using a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device, characterized by having a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1.
[claim11]
11. A magnetic head for reading recorded information by detecting a leakage magnetic field from a recording medium, characterized in that: it comprises a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1, wherein a said ferromagnetic free layer is adapted to reverse its magnetization in response to a leakage magnetic field from said recording medium to cause the device to exhibit CPP-GMR based on spin dependent scattering of sensor electrons, thereby detecting a direction of a magnetic field from said recording medium as a change in resistance.
[claim12]
12. The magnetic head as set forth in claim 11, characterized in that the second magnetic layer in said ferromagnetic free layer has an end face set face to face with said recording medium for detecting the leakage magnetic field therefrom.
[claim13]
13. The magnetic head as set forth in claim 12, wherein said ferromagnetic free layer has a stratal end face on which its multi-layered structure appears, characterized in that said stratal end face is set face to face with said recording medium for detecting the leakage magnetic field therefrom.
[claim14]
14. The magnetic head as set forth in claim 11, characterized by further comprising an electrode for supplying sensor electrons to the CPP type giant magnetoresistance device, said electrode also serving as a magnetic shield against the leakage magnetic field from said recording medium.
[claim15]
15. A magnetic unit using a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device, characterized by having a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1.
[claim16]
16. A magnetic recorder characterized in that a CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 1 is arranged to lie at each of intersections of word lines and bit lines to form a nonvolatile storage.
[claim17]
17. The magnetic recorder as set forth in claim 16, characterized in that said ferromagnetic free layer is adapted to reverse its magnetization in response to spin injection from each such word line.
[claim18]
18. A CPP type giant magnetoresistance device, characterized in that;
in said CPP type giant magnetoresistance device having a ferromagnetic fixed layer, a nonmagnetic conductive layer, and a ferromagnetic free layer, said ferromagnetic free layer has a first and a second magnetic layer magnetically coupled together antiparallel to each other via a magnetic coupler and formed to have different magnitudes of magnetization from each other wherein the said first and second magnetic layers are adapted to reverse their magnetizations jointly while maintaining their mutual antiparallel state of magnetization, the first and the second magnetic layers of said ferromagnetic free layer have aspect ratio of 2 or less, and said CPP-GMR is larger than CPP-GMR of the CPP type giant magnetoresistance device having a ferromagnetic free layer as a ferromagnetic layer.
[claim19]
19. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that the magnetic coupler in said ferromagnetic free layer forms the interface to scatter spin dependent electrons based on the spin dependent current of said ferromagnetic fixed layer.
[claim20]
20. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that CPP-GMR is made large by depositing said ferromagnetic free layers to multi-layers.
[claim21]
21. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that said magnetic coupler is either a nonmagnetic metal layer or a nonmagnetic conductive layer.
[claim22]
22. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 21, characterized in that said nonmagnetic metal layer is any of ruthenium, iridium, rhodium, rhenium, and chromium, or an alloy of their combination, or their multi-layered deposition.
[claim23]
23. The CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that the thickness of said magnetic coupler is 1.5 nm or less.
[claim24]
24. A CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that said nonmagnetic conductive layer is copper to cause large spin dependent scattering.
[claim25]
25. A CPP type giant magnetoresistance device as set forth in claim 18, characterized in that said ferromagnetic fixed layer is a spin valve type ferromagnetic fixed layer having a ferromagnetic layer and an antiferromagnetic layer next thereto.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • INOMATA KOUICHIRO
  • TEZUKA NOBUKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 360/324.1
  • 257/E27.005
  • 257/E43.004
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) CREST Creation of Nanodevices and System Based on New Physical Phenomena and Functional Principles AREA
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