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Liquid crystal display with group of interdigitated electrodes

外国特許コード F110005307
整理番号 E05901US
掲載日 2011年8月31日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 07090801
公報番号 20020191136
公報番号 7880847
出願日 平成13年7月9日(2001.7.9)
公報発行日 平成14年12月19日(2002.12.19)
公報発行日 平成23年2月1日(2011.2.1)
国際出願番号 JP2001005930
国際公開番号 WO2002006887
国際出願日 平成13年7月9日(2001.7.9)
国際公開日 平成14年1月24日(2002.1.24)
優先権データ
  • 特願2000-213040 (2000.7.13) JP
  • 特願2001-066435 (2001.3.9) JP
  • 2001WO-JP05930 (2001.7.9) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Liquid crystal display with group of interdigitated electrodes
発明の概要(英語) (US7880847)
A high resolution, wide viewing angle, low power consumption liquid crystal display device which utilizes nematic liquid crystal and which can attain both the memory effect and wide-viewing-angle display characteristic.
A liquid crystal display device that utilizes nematic liquid crystal and includes a pair of transparent substrates; a group of electrodes for applying to a liquid crystal layer disposed between the pair of substrates an electric field having a component substantially parallel to the surfaces of the substrates; and an alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and at least one of the pair of substrates and having been subjected to liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural directions.
The plurality of liquid crystal anchoring directions of the alignment layer form substantially equal angles relative to one another, and a rising angle in each of the liquid crystal anchoring directions with respect to the corresponding substrate surface is substantially zero.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a pair of substrates, at least one of which is transparent;
a nematic liquid crystal layer between the pair of substrates;
a group of interdigitated electrodes formed on at least one of the substrates and adapted to apply an electric field to said liquid crystal layer, wherein the electric field has a component substantially parallel to the surfaces of the substrates;
and an alignment layer disposed between the nematic liquid crystal layer and at least one of the substrates,
wherein the alignment layer has been subjected to liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural directions to form a plurality of liquid crystal in-plane anchoring directions,
the plurality of liquid crystal in-plane anchoring directions of the alignment layer form substantially equal angles relative to one another on the corresponding substrate surface,
a pretilt angle in each of the liquid crystal anchoring directions with respect to the corresponding substrate surface is substantially zero.
[claim2]
2. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural directions comprises performing uniform anchoring treatment over an entire target area in each of the in-plane directions.
[claim3]
3. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions comprises dividing an entire target area into plural sub-areas corresponding to the plural in-plane directions and
performing anchoring treatment in each of the sub-areas in the corresponding in-plane direction.
[claim4]
4. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions comprises irradiating the alignment layer with linearly polarized light which is capable of causing a chemical reaction on the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim5]
5. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions comprises scanning the alignment layer with a probe which is capable of imparting stress to the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim6]
6. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the liquid crystal anchoring treatments in plural in-plane directions comprises scanning the alignment layer with light which is capable of causing a chemical reaction on the surface of the corresponding substrate.
[claim7]
7. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises a liquid crystal material which comprises chiral molecules.
[claim8]
8. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises a liquid crystal material having a positive or negative dielectric anisotropy depending on the frequency of an applied AC electric field.
[claim9]
9. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, further comprising an additional electrode on each of the substrates wherein the additional electrodes form a pair.
[claim10]
10. A liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, further comprising a light reflection plate on one of the substrates.
[claim11]
11. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 1, wherein the device is capable of maintaining a plurality of stable in-plane alignment states of the liquid crystal layer even after the removal of the applied electric field.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • YONEYA MAKOTO
  • KIM JONG-HYUN
  • YOKOYAMA HIROSHI
  • YAMAMOTO JUN
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 349/132
  • 349/123
  • 349/126
  • 349/129
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) ERATO Yokoyama Nano structured Liquid Crystal AREA
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