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Exhaust gas treating apparatus and treating method 実績あり

外国特許コード F110005625
整理番号 RX03P69WO
掲載日 2011年9月9日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 66793808
公報番号 20110011059
公報番号 8297045
出願日 平成20年8月28日(2008.8.28)
公報発行日 平成23年1月20日(2011.1.20)
公報発行日 平成24年10月30日(2012.10.30)
国際出願番号 JP2008065441
国際公開番号 WO2009031454
国際出願日 平成20年8月28日(2008.8.28)
国際公開日 平成21年3月12日(2009.3.12)
優先権データ
  • 特願2007-229143 (2007.9.4) JP
  • 2008JP065441 (2008.8.28) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Exhaust gas treating apparatus and treating method 実績あり
発明の概要(英語) An exhaust gas treating apparatus includes an adsorption tower (20) that has an adsorption layer filled with an adsorbent and a heat transfer path through which heat is transferred to the adsorption layer.
The apparatus performs switching among the following processes: an adsorption process of introducing an exhaust gas from an engine (10) into the adsorption layer of the adsorption tower so that target components to be treated, including NOX, in the exhaust gas are adsorbed by the adsorbent; a desorption process of introducing the exhaust gas into the heat transfer path of the adsorption tower to heat the adsorption layer and introducing a desorption gas into the heated adsorption layer so that the target components are desorbed from the adsorbent, and a cooling process of introducing a cooling gas into the adsorption layer of the adsorption tower to cool the adsorption layer and introducing the cooling gas that has passed through the adsorption layer into an inlet of the engine.
Thus, the apparatus can treat the exhaust gas with a small amount of energy consumption and without performing a wet treatment.
従来技術、競合技術の概要(英語) BACKGROUND ART
As the regulations on an exhaust gas emitted from the exhaust system of an engine such as an internal combustion engine, a boiler, or a gas turbine are strengthened, various improvements with regard to the engine, such as modifying the fuel composition, recirculating the exhaust gas back into the engine, and improving the combustion process itself, have been made.
On the other hand, there has been an attempt to remove harmful components such as nitrogen oxides (NOX) in the exhaust gas emitted from the engine.
Patent Document 1 discloses a method including the following processes.
First, NOX in an exhaust gas is oxidized to NO2 by applying low-temperature non-equilibrium plasma to the exhaust gas.
Then, the exhaust gas is introduced into a reducing agent solution to remove the NO2 from the exhaust gas.
Patent Document 2 discloses a method including the following processes.
First, an exhaust gas is introduced into a first plasma reactor in which an adsorbent adsorbs target components to be treated, including NOX, in the exhaust gas.
Then, a nitrogen gas with a low oxygen concentration is introduced into the first plasma reactor to generate electric discharge, and non-thermal plasma of the nitrogen gas is applied to the adsorbent.
Thus, the target components are desorbed from the adsorbent, so that the adsorbent is recycled.
Subsequently, the nitrogen gas containing the desorbed target components is introduced into a second plasma reactor in which non-thermal plasma is applied, thereby reducing NOX to N2.
Patent Document 1: JP 2000-117049 A
Patent Document 2: WO 2005/037412 A1

特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. An exhaust gas treating apparatus for treating an exhaust gas emitted from an outlet of an engine, comprising: an adsorption tower that has an adsorption layer filled with an adsorbent and a heat transfer path located within the adsorption tower through which heat is transferred to the adsorption layer;
a first exhaust gas flow path from the outlet of the engine through a branch point (A) to the adsorption layer that introduces the exhaust gas emitted from the outlet of the engine into the adsorption layer of the adsorption tower;
a second exhaust gas flow path from the outlet of the engine through the branch point (A) to the heat transfer path that introduces the exhaust gas emitted from the outlet of the engine into the heat transfer path of the adsorption tower, wherein a path between the outlet of the engine and the branch point (A) is a single common path for the first exhaust gas flow path and the second exhaust as flow path, and the first exhaust gas flow path is separated from the second exhaust gas flow path at the branch point (A);
a first desorption gas flow path that introduces a desorption gas into the adsorption layer;
a first cooling gas flow path that introduces a cooling gas into the adsorption layer; and
a second cooling gas flow path between the adsorption layer and an inlet of the engine, which introduces the cooling gas that has passed through the adsorption layer into the inlet of the engine.
[claim2]
2. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the adsorption layer and the heat transfer path are independent of each other.
[claim3]
3. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising the cooling gas that is introduced into the adsorption layer and includes the exhaust gas emitted from the outlet of the engine.
[claim4]
4. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a plasma reactor in which the desorption gas that has passed through the adsorption layer is subjected to a plasma treatment.
[claim5]
5. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the plasma reactor comprises a surface discharge element that generates surface discharge.
[claim6]
6. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the plasma reactor has a gas flow control shape for controlling a flow path of the desorption gas so that the desorption gas flows along a surface of the surface discharge element on which the surface discharge is generated.
[claim7]
7. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 4, further comprising the desorption gas, which is a low oxygen gas including oxygen in an amount of 10 vol % or less.
[claim8]
8. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the low oxygen gas is at least a part of the exhaust gas that has passed through the heat transfer path.
[claim9]
9. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a desorption gas circulation path that introduces a part of the desorption gas that has passed through the adsorption layer into the adsorption layer.
[claim10]
10. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a second desorption gas flow path between the adsorption layer and the inlet of the engine, which introduces the desorption gas that has passed through the adsorption layer into the inlet of the engine.
[claim11]
11. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 10, further comprising the desorption gas, which comprises the exhaust gas.
[claim12]
12. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the desorption gas is at least a part of the exhaust gas that has passed through the heat transfer path.
[claim13]
13. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a dehumidifying agent that dehumidifies the exhaust gas that passes through the adsorption layer.
[claim14]
14. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising the cooling gas, which comprises air.
[claim15]
15. The exhaust gas treating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first exhaust gas flow path and the second gas flow path are open alternately.
[claim16]
16. An exhaust gas treating method for treating an exhaust gas emitted from an engine using an adsorption tower that has an adsorption layer filled with an adsorbent and a heat transfer path located within the adsorption tower through which heat is transferred to the adsorption layer, the method comprising switching among the following processes:
an adsorption process of introducing the exhaust gas into the adsorption layer of the adsorption tower so that target components to be treated, including NOX, in the exhaust gas are adsorbed by the adsorbent;
a desorption process of introducing the exhaust gas, with which the adsorption layer is heated, into the heat transfer path of the adsorption tower and introducing a desorption gas into the heated adsorption layer so that the target components are desorbed from the adsorbent; and
a cooling process of introducing a cooling gas into the adsorption layer in the adsorption tower, by which the adsorption layer is cooled, and introducing the cooling gas that has passed through the adsorption layer into an inlet of the engine.
[claim17]
17. The exhaust gas treating method according to claim 16, using a plurality of the adsorption towers and switching between the plurality of the adsorption towers every time a set of three processes consisting of the adsorption process, the desorption process, and the cooling process is performed, each adsorption tower performing the three processes.
[claim18]
18. The exhaust gas treating method according to claim 17, wherein one of the plurality of the adsorption towers is used to perform a set of three processes consisting of the adsorption process, the desorption process, and the cooling process, while the adsorbent of the other adsorption tower adsorbs the target components including NOX in the exhaust gas.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • YOSHIDA KEIICHIRO
  • OKUBO MASAAKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 60/297
  • 60/275
  • 60/296
  • 60/298
  • 60/311
  • 60/320
  • 422/186.03
  • 422/186.04
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