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Three-dimensional metamaterial having function of allowing and inhibiting propagation of electromagnetic waves

外国特許コード F120007031
掲載日 2012年11月19日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 201013375945
公報番号 20120105970
公報番号 8669833
出願日 平成22年6月3日(2010.6.3)
公報発行日 平成24年5月3日(2012.5.3)
公報発行日 平成26年3月11日(2014.3.11)
国際出願番号 JP2010059437
国際公開番号 WO2010140655
国際出願日 平成22年6月3日(2010.6.3)
国際公開日 平成22年12月9日(2010.12.9)
優先権データ
  • 特願2009-136417 (2009.6.5) JP
  • 2010JP059437 (2010.6.3) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Three-dimensional metamaterial having function of allowing and inhibiting propagation of electromagnetic waves
発明の概要(英語) In a metamaterial, a dielectric layer includes a host medium and dielectric bodies disposed in rows with predetermined intervals therebetween is sandwiched between a pair of conductive mesh plates each having holes, thereby forming a functional layer including dielectric resonators corresponding to the dielectric bodies.
The metamaterial is configured by laminating the functional layers.
The holes and the dielectric resonators are positioned coaxially and an electromagnetic wave is propagated in each of the functional layers in a propagation direction perpendicular to a multi-layered laminate surface such that the metamaterial function as a left-handed metamaterial in relation to the propagation direction perpendicular to the multi-layered surface.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A three-dimensional metamaterial configured by sandwiching a dielectric layer that includes a plurality of dielectrics aligned at predetermined intervals and a host medium between a pair of conductive mesh plates each of which has a plurality of holes, thereby forming a functional layer including a plurality of dielectric resonators corresponding to the plurality of dielectrics, and multi-layering the plurality of functional layers, wherein axes of the plurality of holes and axes of the plurality of dielectric resonators are arranged coaxially to each other, and
wherein electromagnetic waves are propagated in a propagation direction perpendicular to a plane of layers in each of the functional layers, thereby allowing the metamaterial to operate as a left-handed metamaterial in the propagation direction perpendicular to the plane of the layers.
[claim2]
2. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 1, wherein a size of the plurality of holes is set so that the plurality of holes have a negative effective permittivity and a positive effective permeability under such a condition that the dielectrics becomes such a resonant state that the dielectrics have a magnetic dipole moment at least parallel to the plane of layers when electromagnetic waves are made incident on the plurality of dielectric resonators in a direction substantially perpendicular to the plane of layers via the plurality of holes at a predetermined operating frequency,
wherein a shape, a size, a relative permittivity and an interval of the dielectric resonators, a relative permittivity of the host medium, and a thickness of the dielectric layer are set so that the dielectric layers have a positive effective permittivity and a negative effective permeability under the condition at the operating frequency, and
wherein the shape, the size, the relative permittivity and the interval of the dielectric resonators, the relative permittivity of the host medium, the thickness of the dielectric layer and a thickness of the conductive mesh plates are set so that the effective permittivity and the effective permeability of the metamaterial both become negative under the condition at the operating frequency.
[claim3]
3. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 1, wherein a unit cell is configured by forming a dielectric resonator by sandwiching the dielectric between a pair of conductive mesh plates each having a hole, and
wherein a plurality of the unit cells are aligned at predetermined intervals in a two-dimensional direction parallel to the plurality of conductive mesh plates and multi-layered in a direction perpendicular to the conductive mesh plates.
[claim4]
4. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 3, wherein a plurality of holes are formed at a first dielectric substrate,
wherein the dielectric is inserted to protrude and stuffed in a plurality of holes of a second dielectric substrate that has a plurality of holes having a configuration identical to that of the first dielectric substrate,
wherein one of the dielectric layers is formed by fitting the first dielectric substrate into the second dielectric substrate so that the protruding dielectrics are inserted and stuffed respectively in the plurality of holes of the first dielectric substrate,
wherein one of the functional layers is formed by sandwiching the formed dielectric layer between a pair of conductive mesh plates, and
wherein a plurality of the functional layers are multi-layered.
[claim5]
5. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 1, wherein the metamaterial is configured, so that a frequency when the effective permeability thereof becomes zero is set to be equal to a frequency when the effective permittivity thereof becomes zero, in a propagation direction of electromagnetic waves which is a direction perpendicular to the conductive mesh plates, thereby operating the metamaterial as a balanced right-handed/left-handed metamaterial.
[claim6]
6. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 1, wherein a right-handed and composite left-handed metamaterial is configured by making electromagnetic waves incident so that the electromagnetic waves have a polarization direction and a propagation direction in a direction parallel to the conductive mesh plates.
[claim7]
7. The three-dimensional metamaterial as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plurality of dielectrics are aligned to be close to each other so that the mutually adjacent dielectrics in the dielectric layers are magnetically coupled with each other, thereby operating the metamaterial as a left-handed metamaterial even when electromagnetic waves are made incident into the metamaterial so that the electromagnetic waves have a propagation direction in a direction parallel to the conductive mesh plates and has a polarization in a direction perpendicular to the conductive mesh plates.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • UEDA TETSUYA
  • KYOTO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • 333/202
  • 333/219.1
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