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ABSORPTION REFRIGERATOR AND DEHUMIDIFIER

外国特許コード F160008903
整理番号 (S2015-0724-N0)
掲載日 2016年11月11日
出願国 世界知的所有権機関(WIPO)
国際出願番号 2016JP056142
国際公開番号 WO 2016152399
国際出願日 平成28年2月29日(2016.2.29)
国際公開日 平成28年9月29日(2016.9.29)
優先権データ
  • 特願2015-058580 (2015.3.20) JP
発明の名称 (英語) ABSORPTION REFRIGERATOR AND DEHUMIDIFIER
発明の概要(英語) In a regenerator of an absorption refrigerator, a mixture of water and an ionic liquid is heated to transform the water to steam, thereby separating the water and the ionic liquid. A problem encountered in the prior art is that, as compared with sensible heat heating, such latent heat heating requires a temperature at or above the boiling point of the absorption solution, as well as a large amount of heat, and energy efficiency was therefore poor. The absorption refrigerator (10) is provided with: a mixer (30) for mixing a refrigerant and an ionic liquid in which the miscibility with the refrigerant changes with the temperature; a regenerator (40) for heating the mixture of the refrigerant and the ionic liquid mixed by the mixer, and separating the ionic liquid and the refrigerant through the difference in specific gravity thereof while the ionic liquid and the refrigerant remain in the liquid state; and an evaporator (20) for vaporizing the refrigerant separated by the regenerator, to generate cold energy.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. The mixer which with the ionic liquid and the refrigerant where of the refrigerant compatibility changes at temperature makes mix and,
Heating the blend of aforementioned refrigerant and aforementioned ionic liquid which are mixed with the aforementioned mixer, the aforementioned ionic liquid and the regenerator which the aforementioned refrigerant makes separate while it is the liquid the relative importance difference of the aforementioned ionic liquid and the aforementioned refrigerant due to and,
The evaporator which generates cold by the fact that it evaporates the aforementioned refrigerant which is separated by the aforementioned regenerator and,
The absorption machine which it has.
[claim2]
2. As for the aforementioned mixer, in the claim 1 which possesses the absorber which makes the aforementioned refrigerant which evaporates with the aforementioned evaporator the aforementioned ionic liquid absorb the absorption machine of statement.
[claim3]
3. As for the aforementioned mixer,
The aforementioned refrigerant which evaporates with the aforementioned evaporator the aforementioned ionic liquid the absorber which is made to absorb into the refrigerant absorbent which differs and,
The separated section which is separated from the aforementioned refrigerant absorbent which was conveyed from the aforementioned absorber, absorbed the aforementioned refrigerant
The absorption machine of the claim 1 which it has.
[claim4]
4. As for the aforementioned separated section in the claim 3 which separates the aforementioned refrigerant from the aforementioned refrigerant absorbent making use of osmotic pressure the absorption machine of statement.
[claim5]
5. The aforementioned refrigerant absorbent bromination lithium, in the claim 3 which includes the calcium bromide or calcium chloride or 4 the absorption machine of statement.
[claim6]
6. As for the aforementioned evaporator, the collection section which collects the evaporation section which evaporates the aforementioned refrigerant and the aforementioned ionic liquid which is included in the aforementioned refrigerant and,
Having,
As for the aforementioned collection section, collecting the ionic liquid which is included in the aforementioned refrigerant, from the claim 1 which conveys the aforementioned ionic liquid which you collect to the aforementioned mixer either of 5 in 1 sections the absorption machine of statement.
[claim7]
7. As for the aforementioned regenerator, having air heater and separator,
Heating the ionic liquid which absorbed the aforementioned refrigerant, the aforementioned refrigerant while it is the liquid it makes the aforementioned air heater separate, from the aforementioned ionic liquid,
As for the aforementioned separator, from the claim 1 which removes with the aforementioned refrigerant and the aforementioned ionic liquid which are separated separately either of 6 in 1 sections the absorption machine of statement.
[claim8]
8. The aforementioned regenerator to have the plural aforementioned separators in parallel, the aforementioned air heater, while changing the plural aforementioned separators, to supply with the aforementioned refrigerant and the aforementioned ionic liquid to order, after the description above the refrigerant and the ionic liquid which it separates being supplied, after the time when it is decided beforehand elapses, in the claim 7 which removes with the aforementioned refrigerant and the aforementioned ionic liquid separately the absorption machine of statement.
[claim9]
9. As for the aforementioned separator, while leaving the aforementioned refrigerant to the aforementioned separator, the claim 7 which removes with the aforementioned refrigerant and the aforementioned ionic liquid separately or in claim 8 the absorption machine of statement.
[claim10]
10. As for the aforementioned separator, while leaving the aforementioned refrigerant to the aforementioned separator, after removing, in the claim 9 which removes the aforementioned ionic liquid the absorption machine of statement.
[claim11]
11. As for the aforementioned regenerator, furthermore having cooler,
As for the aforementioned cooler, from the claim 7 which cools the ionic liquid which is removed by the aforementioned separator either of claim 10 in one section the absorption machine of statement.
[claim12]
12. The aforementioned refrigerant is the water,
As for the aforementioned ionic liquid, the temperature where of the aforementioned ionic liquid and compatibility of the aforementioned ionic liquid and the aforementioned water in the case where of the aforementioned water the equal amount it mixed changes, from the claim 7 which is inside the range below the 70.deg.C above the 5.deg.C either of claim 11 in one section the absorption machine of statement.
[claim13]
13. It heats the aforementioned air heater, making use of the heat source below the 60.deg.C, as for the temperature where compatibility of the aforementioned ionic liquid and the aforementioned water changes, in the claim 12 which is below temperature of the aforementioned heat source the absorption machine of statement.
[claim14]
14. Making the aforementioned water absorb which is included in the air in the ionic liquid where compatibility of the water changes at temperature, the absorber which outputs the air which is removed moisture and,
Heating the ionic liquid which absorbed the aforementioned water, the aforementioned ionic liquid and the regenerator which the aforementioned water makes separate while it is the liquid the relative importance difference of the aforementioned ionic liquid and the aforementioned water due to and,
The moisture removal machine which it has.
  • 出願人(英語)
  • ※2012年7月以前掲載分については米国以外のすべての指定国
  • TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 発明者(英語)
  • AKISAWA ATSUSHI
  • OHNO HIROYUKI
国際特許分類(IPC)
指定国 National States: AE AG AL AM AO AT AU AZ BA BB BG BH BN BR BW BY BZ CA CH CL CN CO CR CU CZ DE DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM GT HN HR HU ID IL IN IR IS JP KE KG KN KP KR KZ LA LC LK LR LS LU LY MA MD ME MG MK MN MW MX MY MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PA PE PG PH PL PT QA RO RS RU RW SA SC SD SE SG SK SL SM ST SV SY TH TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN ZA ZM ZW
ARIPO: BW GH GM KE LR LS MW MZ NA RW SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW
EAPO: AM AZ BY KG KZ RU TJ TM
EPO: AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
OAPI: BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW KM ML MR NE SN ST TD TG
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