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Transportation of Micrometer-Sized Object and Extraction of Mechanical Work by Constant Electric Field

Foreign code F170009197
File No. I027P002WO
Posted date Sep 12, 2017
Country Republic of Korea
Application number 20117021519
Gazette No. 20110128868
Gazette No. 101351447
Date of filing Feb 19, 2010
Gazette Date Nov 30, 2011
Gazette Date Jan 14, 2014
International application number JP2010052566
International publication number WO2010095724
Date of international filing Feb 19, 2010
Date of international publication Aug 26, 2010
Priority data
  • P2009-038446 (Feb 20, 2009) JP
  • 2010WO-JP52566 (Feb 19, 2010) WO
Title Transportation of Micrometer-Sized Object and Extraction of Mechanical Work by Constant Electric Field
Abstract (KR101351447)
It is an object to provide a technique capable of making an object move and transporting at will without generation of a current, and extracting mechanical work.
As a result of diligent effort, the present inventors have found that by arranging two electrodes for generating an electric field for a dielectric body of a micrometer-size or the like in an insulating fluid such as oil, such that the central axes of the two electrodes are not aligned, and applying an electric field (for example, constant electric field), the dielectric body can be transported three-dimensionally at will, and as a result, mechanical work can be extracted, and have solved the above object.
(From EP2420315 A1)
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. Transports the dielectric, or epidemiology work as for under extracting as method,
A) The electrical field at the time of occurrence as for height 2 electrodes, the central axis of minute description 2 electrodes does not differ the identical straight line, arranges, the process which from inside the dielectric fluid hangs the minute description electrical field to the minute description dielectric as for under including method.
[claim2]
2. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description dielectric is micro size, and as for minute description micro size the method which is in several nm-1000.micrometer. scopes.
[claim3]
3. There is in a 2nd claim,
As for minute description micro size the method which is 1.micrometer.-100.micrometer. scope.
[claim4]
4. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description dielectric when inflicted the power failure badge, although hereditary polarization at the time of occurrence height electric current at the time of occurrence is the material height, and besides the method which is a material which is Taejon of the static electricity.
[claim5]
5. There is in a 1st claim,
As for the minute description dielectric the waterdrop, the method which is chosen from the army which becomes accomplished with the Polymer material and glass B'z.
[claim6]
6. There is in a 5th claim,
The minute description waterdrop the surfactant about under using the method which creates.
[claim7]
7. There is in a 6th claim,
As for minute description surfactant Dior Leo beForce party deal choline (DOPC) and Dior Leo beForce party deal ethanol amine (DOPE) and Dior Leo beThe force party deal serine (DOPS), eggPC and the [su] reel the biting tree methyl ammonium chloride (STAC) and the [su] reel the sulfate where biting also the tree methyl ammonium bromide (STAB) and sodium will be burnt (SDS), also the ether where also the tree methyl ammonium chloride which will be burnt and pen hit ethylene glycol will be burnt about under using the method which creates.
[claim8]
8. There is in a 2nd claim,
The minute description dielectric fluid to be nonvloatile, and there not to be defiant, and on normal temperature is a material which is fluidity from under pressure, and the method where the portion with the dielectric of minute description micro size within 50% is the thing.
[claim9]
9. There is in a 1st claim,
As for the minute description dielectric fluid the mineral oil (mineral oil) and the floating paraffin, from the army which becomes accomplished with the alkane and the silicon oil the method which is chosen.
[claim10]
10. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description electrical field the method which is a schedule electrical field.
[claim11]
11. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description electrical field the method which is 1V-1000V scope.
[claim12]
12. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description electrical field at the time of occurrence as for height the anode and the cathode their central axis be parallel, the method which is arranged.
[claim13]
13. There is in a 12th claim,
Minute description electrode tip sharp pyramid styleConoid or prisim styleHas the form of cylinder, style the method which has the quality of material which is defiant.
[claim14]
14. There is in a 12th claim,
The minute description electrode the tungsten, the tungsten carbide, the gold and the white gold, the copper, from the army which becomes accomplished with the iron and the aluminum from the army which becomes accomplished with the defiant material is selected the method which is chosen.
[claim15]
15. There is in a 1st claim,
Minute description electrical field anodeBy the set of at least 2 electrodes of the cathode occurs and, direction of the set of minute description at least 2 electrodes to be a direction whose at least 2 are different each other, and occurs the minute description electrical field and the minute description electrical field controls the spatial arrangement of the electrode for with, root or mode of movement as for under the fringe land process more the low of including method.
[claim16]
16. There is in a 15th claim,
As for minute description control, three-dimension coordinates will be able to fabricate respectively at 1.micrometer. unit the micro manipulator (manipulator) about under using fabricates a respectively coordinate, the method which wants to the location which at the time of movement by the fabrication by the height thing or the hand or the pincette is come true the electrode.
[claim17]
17. There is in a 1st claim,
By the spatial control of the minute description electrode and the robbery control of impressed voltage controls the minute description dielectric indirectly with the minute description dielectric as for under transporting process more the low of including method.
[claim18]
18. There is in a 1st claim,
The micro turbine the minute description dielectric will be able to exercise besides to arrange to the space, and by the movement of the minute description dielectric as for under movement from the micro turbine work the low of extracting thing, with feature the minute description micro turbine there be an axis of rotation and a wing part, and the wing will be able to rotate to the circumference of the axis of rotation the method.
[claim19]
19. There is in a 1st claim,
The minute description dielectric exists, the multiple dog the minute description multiple mind dielectric with collective motion Sikkim does a motor action do the method the fact that with feature.
[claim20]
20. There is in a 1st claim,
The fluidal drop of epidemiology control and the medicine of Polymer transports, chemical reaction, the medicine union, the method which is used change of place tentacle of the bio specimen from the Song or micro euro.
[claim21]
21. Dielectric as for under transporting as equipment,
A) Accepting the minute description dielectric, the dielectric fluid for.
And
B) To inside the minute description dielectric fluid as for under existing 2 electrodes as for under including as the means which hangs the electrical field, the central axis of minute description 2 electrodes does not differ the identical straight line, the means which is arranged as for under having the equipment.
[claim22]
22. Epidemiology work as for under extracting as equipment,
A) Dielectric fluid;
B) The dielectric which is arranged to inside the minute description dielectric fluid;
C) To inside the minute description dielectric fluid as for under existing 2 electrodes as for under including as the means which hangs the electrical field, the central axis of minute description 2 electrodes does not differ the identical straight line, the means which is arranged.
And
D) From minute description dielectric epidemiology work as for under extracting means as for under having equipment.
[claim23]
23. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description dielectric is micro size, and as for minute description micro size the equipment which is in several nm-1000.micrometer. scopes.
[claim24]
24. There is in a 23rd claim,
As for minute description micro size the equipment which is 1.micrometer.-100.micrometer. scope.
[claim25]
25. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description dielectric when inflicted the power failure badge, although hereditary polarization at the time of occurrence height electric current at the time of occurrence is the material height, and besides the equipment which is a material which is Taejon of the static electricity.
[claim26]
26. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
As for the minute description dielectric the waterdrop, the equipment which is selected from the army which becomes accomplished with the Polymer material and glass B'z.
[claim27]
27. There is in a 26th claim,
The minute description waterdrop the surfactant about under using the equipment which creates.
[claim28]
28. There is in a 27th claim,
As for minute description surfactant Dior Leo beForce party deal choline (DOPC) and Dior Leo beForce party deal ethanol amine (DOPE) and Dior Leo beThe force party deal serine (DOPS), eggPC and the [su] reel the biting tree methyl ammonium chloride (STAC) and the [su] reel the sulfate where biting also the tree methyl ammonium bromide (STAB) and sodium will be burnt (SDS), also from the army which becomes accomplished with the ether which the tree methyl ammonium chloride which will be burnt and pen hit ethylene glycol will be burnt at least 1 material which is selected about under using the equipment which creates.
[claim29]
29. There is in a 23rd claim,
The minute description dielectric fluid to be nonvloatile, and there not to be defiant, and on normal temperature is a material which is fluidity from under pressure, and the equipment where the portion with the dielectric of minute description micro size within 50% is the thing.
[claim30]
30. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
As for the minute description dielectric fluid the mineral oil (mineral oil) and the floating paraffin, from the army which becomes accomplished with the alkane and the silicon oil the equipment which is selected.
[claim31]
31. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description electrical field the equipment which is a schedule electrical field.
[claim32]
32. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description electrical field the equipment which is 1V-1000V scope.
[claim33]
33. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description electrical field at the time of occurrence as for height the anode and the cathode their central axis be parallel, the equipment which is arranged.
[claim34]
34. There is in a 33rd claim,
Minute description electrode tip sharp pyramid styleConoid or prisim styleHas the form of cylinder, style the equipment which has the quality of material which is defiant.
[claim35]
35. There is in a 32nd claim,
The minute description electrode the tungsten, the tungsten carbide, the gold and the white gold, the copper, from the army which becomes accomplished with the iron and the aluminum the equipment which is a defiant material which is selected.
[claim36]
36. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The means which hangs the minute description electrical field the anodeIs a set of at least 2 electrodes of the cathode, and direction of the set of minute description at least 2 electrodes the equipment which is arranged with the direction whose at least 2 are different each other.
[claim37]
37. There is in a 36th claim,
Three-dimension coordinates will be able to fabricate respectively at 1.micrometer. unit has the micro manipulator more, and the minute description micro manipulator fabricates a respectively coordinate and wants the electrode to the location where at the time of movement the height to be a thing, and or the pincette more as for under having the equipment.
[claim38]
38. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description dielectric by the spatial control of the minute description electrode and the robbery control of impressed voltage controls with transports the minute description dielectric indirectly the means for more the low of having the equipment.
[claim39]
39. There is in a 22nd claim,
Besides the micro turbine the low of having the equipment.
[claim40]
40. There is in a 22nd claim,
The minute description dielectric exists, the multiple dog the minute description multiple mind dielectric with collective motion Sikkim does a motor action do the equipment the fact that with feature.
[claim41]
41. The 21st claim or there is in a 22nd claim,
The fluidal drop of epidemiology control and the medicine of Polymer transports, chemical reaction, uses from the medicine union, change of place tentacle of the bio specimen Song and the micro euro the equipment for.
  • Applicant
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • Inventor
  • YOSHIKAWA KENICHI
  • TAKINOUE MASAHIRO
  • ATSUMI YU
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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