PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an apparatus and a method for testing a model structure, which can test physical phenomena occurring when a mobile object moves in a structure, by using a simple model, and to provide the model structure.
SOLUTION: The model structure 2 has an aperture 2e formed from the side of structure inlet 2a toward the side of structure outlet 2b along the moving direction of a model mobile object 1. The model structure 2 is a model station obtained by modeling an actual structure, and its fabrication is carried out so that a station having an all covering roof (domed train station) through which a bullet train passes, is scaled down. The aperture 2e is made up by modeling an aperture section formed in the all covering roof, wherein an actual aperture section or an actual spacing is scaled down to form a slit. The apparatus for testing the model structure, for example, measures a variation in pressure occurring when the model mobile object 1 passes through the model structure 2 and also measures a stream of air occurring at the aperture 2e when the model mobile object 1 passes through the model structure 2.