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Hydrophilic polyamide or polyimide NEW

外国特許コード F210010318
整理番号 J1006-06WO
掲載日 2021年2月1日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 201816634209
公報番号 20200207917
出願日 平成30年7月27日(2018.7.27)
公報発行日 令和2年7月2日(2020.7.2)
国際出願番号 JP2018028270
国際公開番号 WO2019026795
国際出願日 平成30年7月27日(2018.7.27)
国際公開日 平成31年2月7日(2019.2.7)
優先権データ
  • 特願2017-147291 (2017.7.29) JP
  • 2018JP28270 (2018.7.27) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Hydrophilic polyamide or polyimide NEW
発明の概要(英語) wherein M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time; X1 and X2 represent an organic group; m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; Z1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; Z2 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; Z3 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; and when Z1 or Z3 is an optionally substituted carbonyl group, they optionally form a ring structure together with Z2, each independently.
従来技術、競合技術の概要(英語) BACKGROUND ART
Polymeric materials such as polyimides and polyamides are high-performance plastics widely used in a variety of fields such as electrical engineering, electronic engineering and space engineering, and needs for these materials are extremely high. Conventionally, almost all of these polymeric materials have been synthesized from petroleum-derived raw materials, and therefore, expansion of demand to them runs counter to reduction of carbon emissions.
On the other hand, bioplastics, which are polymeric materials using naturally derived raw materials, are, not like biofuels, expected to fix carbon dioxide for a long period of time. It is believed that practical application of bioplastics largely contributes to reduction of carbon emissions; however, there has been a big problem that the production cost therefor is high. From a viewpoint different form this, even in the case where highly expensive biomolecules are used, as long as those materials have high added value like super engineering plastics, they can also be satisfactory in terms of cost effectiveness, and have a potentiality of spreading widely to the society.
From such a viewpoint, the present inventors have produced a polyamide or polyimide using a dimer of naturally derived 4-aminocinnamic acid as the raw material, and have found and previously reported that such polyamide or polyimide exhibits excellent heat resistance, high tensile strength and high transparency, and is useful as a polymeric material in a wide variety of fields (Patent Literatures 1 and 2).
In addition, because polyimides have a rigid backbone, they have a disadvantage of exhibiting poor solubility to water and organic solvents and having low formability. Accordingly, development of a polyimide with improved formability has been carried out (Patent Literatures 3 and 4).
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A polymeric compound comprising a repeating unit represented by the following formula (1):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents;
Z1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group;
Z2 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group;
Z3 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; and
when Z1 or Z3 is an optionally substituted carbonyl group, they optionally form a ring structure together with Z2, each independently.

[claim2]
2. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the repeating unit thereof is represented by the following formula (2-1) or (2-2):
wherein, M1, M2, X1, X2, m, n, Z1, Z2 and Z3 are as described in claim 1.

[claim3]
3. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein
Z1 and Z3 represent a hydrogen atom; and
Z2 is an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group.

[claim4]
4. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein
Z1 and Z3 represent an optionally substituted carbonyl group;
Z2 is an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; and
Z1 and Z3 each independently form a ring structure together with Z2.

[claim5]
5. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the polymeric compound is represented by the following formula (3):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; and
R1 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group having 4 to 14 carbon atoms.

[claim6]
6. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the polymeric compound is represented by the following formula (4):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; and
R1 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

[claim7]
7. A polymer gel composition comprising:
the polymeric compound according to claim 1; and
a gelling agent.

[claim8]
8. The polymer gel composition according to claim 7, wherein the gelling agent is a polyvalent metal salt or a diamine compound.

[claim9]
9. The polymer gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the diamine compound is a compound represented by the following formula (5):

[claim10]
10. A film comprising the polymeric compound according to claim 1.

[claim11]
11. A formed product comprising the polymeric compound according to claim 1.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • KANEKO TATSUO
  • DWIVEDI SUMANT
  • SAKAMOTO SHIGEKI
  • TAKADA KENJI
  • FUNAHASHI YASUYOSHI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
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