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Hydrophilic polyamide or polyimide

Foreign code F210010318
File No. J1006-06WO
Posted date Feb 1, 2021
Country United States of America
Application number 201816634209
Gazette No. 20200207917
Date of filing Jul 27, 2018
Gazette Date Jul 2, 2020
International application number JP2018028270
International publication number WO2019026795
Date of international filing Jul 27, 2018
Date of international publication Feb 7, 2019
Priority data
  • P2017-147291 (Jul 29, 2017) JP
  • 2018JP28270 (Jul 27, 2018) WO
Title Hydrophilic polyamide or polyimide
Abstract wherein M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time; X1 and X2 represent an organic group; m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; Z1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; Z2 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; Z3 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; and when Z1 or Z3 is an optionally substituted carbonyl group, they optionally form a ring structure together with Z2, each independently.
Outline of related art and contending technology BACKGROUND ART
Polymeric materials such as polyimides and polyamides are high-performance plastics widely used in a variety of fields such as electrical engineering, electronic engineering and space engineering, and needs for these materials are extremely high. Conventionally, almost all of these polymeric materials have been synthesized from petroleum-derived raw materials, and therefore, expansion of demand to them runs counter to reduction of carbon emissions.
On the other hand, bioplastics, which are polymeric materials using naturally derived raw materials, are, not like biofuels, expected to fix carbon dioxide for a long period of time. It is believed that practical application of bioplastics largely contributes to reduction of carbon emissions; however, there has been a big problem that the production cost therefor is high. From a viewpoint different form this, even in the case where highly expensive biomolecules are used, as long as those materials have high added value like super engineering plastics, they can also be satisfactory in terms of cost effectiveness, and have a potentiality of spreading widely to the society.
From such a viewpoint, the present inventors have produced a polyamide or polyimide using a dimer of naturally derived 4-aminocinnamic acid as the raw material, and have found and previously reported that such polyamide or polyimide exhibits excellent heat resistance, high tensile strength and high transparency, and is useful as a polymeric material in a wide variety of fields (Patent Literatures 1 and 2).
In addition, because polyimides have a rigid backbone, they have a disadvantage of exhibiting poor solubility to water and organic solvents and having low formability. Accordingly, development of a polyimide with improved formability has been carried out (Patent Literatures 3 and 4).
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A polymeric compound comprising a repeating unit represented by the following formula (1):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents;
Z1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group;
Z2 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group;
Z3 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted carbonyl group; and
when Z1 or Z3 is an optionally substituted carbonyl group, they optionally form a ring structure together with Z2, each independently.

[claim2]
2. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the repeating unit thereof is represented by the following formula (2-1) or (2-2):
wherein, M1, M2, X1, X2, m, n, Z1, Z2 and Z3 are as described in claim 1.

[claim3]
3. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein
Z1 and Z3 represent a hydrogen atom; and
Z2 is an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group.

[claim4]
4. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein
Z1 and Z3 represent an optionally substituted carbonyl group;
Z2 is an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; and
Z1 and Z3 each independently form a ring structure together with Z2.

[claim5]
5. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the polymeric compound is represented by the following formula (3):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; and
R1 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group having 4 to 14 carbon atoms.

[claim6]
6. The polymeric compound according to claim 1, wherein the polymeric compound is represented by the following formula (4):
wherein
M1 and M2 each independently represent any one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom and an ammonium ion, provided that M1 and M2 are not a hydrogen atom at the same time;
X1 and X2 represent an organic group;
m and n each independently represent the number of substituents; and
R1 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

[claim7]
7. A polymer gel composition comprising:
the polymeric compound according to claim 1; and
a gelling agent.

[claim8]
8. The polymer gel composition according to claim 7, wherein the gelling agent is a polyvalent metal salt or a diamine compound.

[claim9]
9. The polymer gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the diamine compound is a compound represented by the following formula (5):

[claim10]
10. A film comprising the polymeric compound according to claim 1.

[claim11]
11. A formed product comprising the polymeric compound according to claim 1.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • KANEKO TATSUO
  • DWIVEDI SUMANT
  • SAKAMOTO SHIGEKI
  • TAKADA KENJI
  • FUNAHASHI YASUYOSHI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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