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Tactile information conversion device, tactile information conversion method, and tactile information conversion program

Foreign code F210010341
File No. AE10-01US1
Posted date Feb 2, 2021
Country United States of America
Application number 202016941024
Gazette No. 20200356176
Date of filing Jul 28, 2020
Gazette Date Nov 12, 2020
Priority data
  • P2016-077692 (Apr 7, 2016) JP
  • 201816152982 (Oct 5, 2018) US
  • 2017JP14570 (Apr 7, 2017) WO
Title Tactile information conversion device, tactile information conversion method, and tactile information conversion program
Abstract The purpose is to provide a tactile information conversion device, a tactile information conversion method, and a tactile information conversion program, which are usable for general purposes by presenting or sensing an arbitrary tactile feeling. In order to provide tactile information to an output unit capable of outputting physical quantities including electricity, force, temperature, vibration, and/or time and space, at least two or more of the physical quantities are selected according to a tactile feeling to be presented, tactile information for presenting the predetermined tactile feeling is generated based on the physical quantities that have been selected, and the tactile information that has been generated is output to the output unit.
Outline of related art and contending technology BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a tactile information conversion device, a tactile information conversion method, and a tactile information conversion program.
2. Description of the Related Art
In the related art, tactile sensation presentation devices have been developed that present a tactile sensation for a real or virtual object to a user.
For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a pen-type force sensation presentation device that presents, by allowing for motions such as a reciprocating motion, a swinging motion, a tilting motion, a rotation, and the like at a movable part where a fingertip touches when a user holds the device, proprioception to the fingertip.
In addition, Non-Patent Document 1 discloses a tactile sensation presentation device that creates a tactile map using pressure, vibration, and temperature as elementary tactile sensations and synthesizes the element tactile sensations so as to present an arbitrary tactile sensation.
In addition, Non-Patent Document 2 discloses that a vibrator provided on the nail side is vibrated at the time of a finger stroking operation in a real environment so as to present a virtual sense of unevenness.
- Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2010-287221
- Non-Patent Document 1: Chikai, Manabu, “Study on New Tactile Sense Presentation Devices”, Nagaoka University of Technology doctoral thesis, Nagaoka University of Technology Nagaoka University of Technology, Mar. 25, 2014, 13102 No. 702, URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10649/719
- Non-Patent Document 2: Ando, Hideyuki, Watanabe, Junji, Inami, Masahiko, Sugimoto, Maki, Maeda, Taro, “A Study of the Nail-Mounted Tactile Display for Augmented Reality System”, Journal of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Nov. 1, 2004, Vol. J87-D2, No. 11, pp. 2025-2033
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A tactile information conversion device comprising at least a control unit in order to provide tactile information to an output unit capable of outputting physical quantities, including electricity which corresponds to electrical stimulus being applied to an electrode to be attached to skin of a user for stimulating a tactile receptor of the user, and at least one of force, temperature and vibration, the control unit including:
a generation unit that selects at least two or more of the physical quantities including the electricity which corresponds to the electrical stimulus being applied to the electrode, as bases according to a tactile feeling to be presented, and generates the tactile information for presenting the predetermined tactile feeling by synthesizing the bases, including electricity, that have been selected; and
an output control unit that outputs the tactile information, including the electricity, generated by the generation unit to the output unit.

[claim2]
2. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1,
wherein the tactile feeling represents a psychological texture.

[claim3]
3. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 2,
wherein the psychological texture represents a psychological quantity that is integratedly perceived in the brain based on information obtained by a plurality of different tactile receptors of a human body.

[claim4]
4. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1,
wherein the generation unit presents a tactile feeling due to a temporal change in force and selects at least electrical and spatiotemporal physical quantities so as to generate tactile information.

[claim5]
5. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1,
wherein the output control unit outputs the tactile information to the output unit of the external output device 140, the output unit 114, and the like.

[claim6]
6. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1,
wherein the generation unit selects the physical quantities by making association with at least two axes among the roughness and smoothness axis according to force, the hardness and softness axis according to vibration, and the dryness and wetness axis according to temperature in accordance with the tactile feeling to be presented.

[claim7]
7. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1, further comprising a storage unit.

[claim8]
8. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 7,
wherein the storage unit stores a tactile sensation definition file that defines the types of two or more tactile stimuli to be presented.

[claim9]
9. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 7,
wherein the storage unit stores an object tactile feeling database that stores an object and the tactile feeling in association with each other.

[claim10]
10. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 9,
wherein the object tactile feeling database stores a conversion table for converting, in accordance with an object and a tactile feeling, tactile information for input that does not include electricity as a base to tactile information for output that includes electricity as a base.

[claim11]
11. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 9,
wherein the object tactile feeling database stores the tactile feeling in correspondence with parameters on the roughness and smoothness axis according to force, the hardness and softness axis according to vibration or the dryness and wetness axis according to temperature.

[claim12]
12. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 11,
wherein the object tactile feeling database stores a physical space map where the tactile feeling is associated on a map formed of two or three axes among the roughness and smoothness axis according to force, the hardness and softness axis according to vibration, and the dryness and wetness axis according to temperature.

[claim13]
13. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1, further comprising an input unit that inputs a tactile feeling to be presented.

[claim14]
14. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 13,
wherein the input unit includes a touch panel, an audio microphone or a keyboard.

[claim15]
15. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 1, further comprising an external output device that outputs physical quantities.

[claim16]
16. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 15,
wherein the external output device includes an electric stimulator.

[claim17]
17. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 16,
wherein the external output device further includes a force presentation actuator, a Peltier element or a vibration element.

[claim18]
18. The tactile information conversion device according to claim 17,
wherein the external output device is an integrated-type tactile presentation module, and
wherein a distribution-type pressure presentation unit based on 32-point electrical tactile stimulation is disposed on a surface layer and a high-speed driving-type warm/cold feeling presentation unit formed of a matrix of four Peltier elements is disposed in an intermediate layer below the surface layer.

[claim19]
19. Anon-transitory computer-readable medium encoded with a program for performing a tactile information conversion method performed in a tactile information conversion device comprising at least a control unit in order to provide tactile information to an output unit capable of outputting physical quantities, including electricity which corresponds to electrical stimulus being applied to an electrode to be attached to skin of a user for stimulating a tactile receptor of the user, and at least one of force, temperature and vibration, the program comprising:
computer-implemented modules executed in the control unit, including:
a generation module that selects at least two or more of the physical quantities including the electricity which corresponds to the electrical stimulus being applied to the electrode, as bases according to a tactile feeling to be presented and generates the tactile information for presenting the predetermined tactile feeling by synthesizing the bases that have been selected; and
an output control module that outputs the tactile information, including the electricity, generated by the generation unit to the output unit,
the outputting of electricity among the physical quantities being the presentation of an electrical stimulus to a tactile receptor, and
the electrical stimulus being applied by a stimulating electrode through the skin.

[claim20]
20. A tactile information conversion device comprising at least a control unit in order to provide tactile information to an output unit capable of outputting physical quantities, including electricity which corresponds to electrical stimulus being applied to an electrode to be attached to skin of a user for stimulating a tactile receptor of the user, force, temperature, vibration, the control unit including:
a generation unit that selects at least two or more of the physical quantities including the electricity which corresponds to the electrical stimulus being applied to the electrode, as bases according to a tactile feeling to be presented, and generates the tactile information for presenting the predetermined tactile feeling by synthesizing the bases that have been selected, and that selects the physical quantity in association with at least two axes among a roughness and smoothness axis according to force, a hardness and softness axis according to vibration, and a dryness and wetness axis according to temperature in accordance with the tactile feeling to be presented; and
an output control unit that outputs the tactile information, including the electricity, generated by the generation unit to the output unit.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • TACHI SUSUMU
  • NAKATANI MASASHI
  • SATO KATSUNARI
  • MINAMIZAWA KOUTA
  • KAJIMOTO HIROYUKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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