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Optical fiber sensor and measuring apparatus using same

外国特許コード F090002175
整理番号 F090002175
掲載日 2010年3月5日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 57571804
公報番号 20070077000
公報番号 7389009
出願日 平成16年10月15日(2004.10.15)
公報発行日 平成19年4月5日(2007.4.5)
公報発行日 平成20年6月17日(2008.6.17)
国際出願番号 JP2004015266
国際公開番号 WO2005038440
国際出願日 平成16年10月15日(2004.10.15)
国際公開日 平成17年4月28日(2005.4.28)
優先権データ
  • 特願2003-356225 (2003.10.16) JP
  • 2004WO-JP15266 (2004.10.15) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Optical fiber sensor and measuring apparatus using same
発明の概要(英語) (US7389009)
An optical fiber sensor enabling simpler detection of a state of an external environment and a measuring apparatus using the same are provided.
At a front end of an optical fiber portion 20 a for transmitting the light a hetero core having a different diameter from that of a core of the optical fiber portion 20 a is melt bonded so as to form a tip type optical fiber sensor 9 having a sensor portion 4 comprised of the hetero core on its front end.
An end of the optical fiber portion 20 a side of this tip type optical fiber sensor 9 has a light source 1 connected to it.
Returned light striking the optical fiber portion 20 a from the light source 1 and subjected to interaction with a measurement medium MD at the sensor portion 4 is split by an optical fiber coupler 2 and received at a photodiode or spectrum analyzer 6 , thereby an optical fiber sensor measuring apparatus 100 is constructed.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. An optical fiber sensor comprising: an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;
mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and further comprising:a metal film provided at a surface side of said hetero core and generating surface plasmon by reflection of light in the hetero core at that surface;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion.
[claim2]
2. An optical fiber sensor comprising: an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;
mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;a detection chemical immobilizing film selectively reacting with a detection object at the outside of said hetero core and giving a change in accordance with that reaction to the light in the hetero core formed at a surface side of said hetero core;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion.
[claim3]
3. A measuring apparatus comprising: an optical fiber sensor including an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and further comprising:a metal film provided at a surface side of said hetero core and generating surface plasmon by reflection of light in the hetero core at that surface;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion;a light source connected to an optical fiber portion side end of the optical fiber sensor and emitting light to the core of the optical fiber sensor;
and
a light detecting means for detecting direct intensity of returned light returning to the light source side via the core subjected to interaction with the outside of the mode restriction releasing means in the mode restriction releasing means.
[claim4]
4. The measuring apparatus as set forth in claim 3, further comprising: measuring means for measuring a predetermined characteristic of an environment outside of said optical fiber sensor based on an intensity of said returned light detected by said light detecting means.
[claim5]
5. A measuring apparatus comprising: an optical fiber sensor including an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and
a detection chemical immobilizing film selectively reacting with a detection object at the outside of said hetero core and giving a change in accordance with that reaction to the light in the hetero core formed at a surface side of said hetero core;reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion;a light source connected to an optical fiber portion side end of the optical fiber sensor and emitting light to the core of the optical fiber sensor;
and
a light detecting means for detecting direct intensity of returned light returning to the light source side via the core subjected to interaction with the outside of the mode restriction releasing means in the mode restriction releasing means.
[claim6]
6. A measuring apparatus as set forth in claim 5, further comprising measuring means for measuring a predetermined characteristic of an environment outside of said optical fiber sensor based on an intensity of said returned light detected by said light detecting means.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • IGA MITSUHIRO
  • WATANABE KAZUHIRO
  • SEKI ATSUSHI
  • SOKA UNIVERSITY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • G01N021/43B
  • G01N021/55B
  • G01N021/77B
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