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Optical fiber sensor and measuring apparatus using same

Foreign code F090002175
File No. F090002175
Posted date Mar 5, 2010
Country United States of America
Application number 57571804
Gazette No. 20070077000
Gazette No. 7389009
Date of filing Oct 15, 2004
Gazette Date Apr 5, 2007
Gazette Date Jun 17, 2008
International application number JP2004015266
International publication number WO2005038440
Date of international filing Oct 15, 2004
Date of international publication Apr 28, 2005
Priority data
  • P2003-356225 (Oct 16, 2003) JP
  • 2004WO-JP15266 (Oct 15, 2004) WO
Title Optical fiber sensor and measuring apparatus using same
Abstract (US7389009)
An optical fiber sensor enabling simpler detection of a state of an external environment and a measuring apparatus using the same are provided.
At a front end of an optical fiber portion 20 a for transmitting the light a hetero core having a different diameter from that of a core of the optical fiber portion 20 a is melt bonded so as to form a tip type optical fiber sensor 9 having a sensor portion 4 comprised of the hetero core on its front end.
An end of the optical fiber portion 20 a side of this tip type optical fiber sensor 9 has a light source 1 connected to it.
Returned light striking the optical fiber portion 20 a from the light source 1 and subjected to interaction with a measurement medium MD at the sensor portion 4 is split by an optical fiber coupler 2 and received at a photodiode or spectrum analyzer 6 , thereby an optical fiber sensor measuring apparatus 100 is constructed.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An optical fiber sensor comprising: an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;
mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and further comprising:a metal film provided at a surface side of said hetero core and generating surface plasmon by reflection of light in the hetero core at that surface;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion.
[claim2]
2. An optical fiber sensor comprising: an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;
mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;a detection chemical immobilizing film selectively reacting with a detection object at the outside of said hetero core and giving a change in accordance with that reaction to the light in the hetero core formed at a surface side of said hetero core;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion.
[claim3]
3. A measuring apparatus comprising: an optical fiber sensor including an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and further comprising:a metal film provided at a surface side of said hetero core and generating surface plasmon by reflection of light in the hetero core at that surface;
and
reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion;a light source connected to an optical fiber portion side end of the optical fiber sensor and emitting light to the core of the optical fiber sensor;
and
a light detecting means for detecting direct intensity of returned light returning to the light source side via the core subjected to interaction with the outside of the mode restriction releasing means in the mode restriction releasing means.
[claim4]
4. The measuring apparatus as set forth in claim 3, further comprising: measuring means for measuring a predetermined characteristic of an environment outside of said optical fiber sensor based on an intensity of said returned light detected by said light detecting means.
[claim5]
5. A measuring apparatus comprising: an optical fiber sensor including an optical fiber portion for transmitting light;mode restriction releasing means including a light permeable member melt bonded to a front end of the optical fiber portion, guiding at least a portion of the light transmitted by the optical fiber portion to the outside of a core to release a restriction of the mode of the light, and returning the light released in the restriction of the mode into the core,said mode restriction releasing means being a hetero core provided with a light transmitting core having a different diameter from the core of the optical fiber portion and able to transmit light propagated through the core and shorter in comparison with the length of the optical fiber portion;
and
a detection chemical immobilizing film selectively reacting with a detection object at the outside of said hetero core and giving a change in accordance with that reaction to the light in the hetero core formed at a surface side of said hetero core;reflection means for reflecting light in the hetero core and returning the light to said optical fiber portion side at the surface of the end of the hetero core opposite to the end melt bonded to the optical fiber portion;a light source connected to an optical fiber portion side end of the optical fiber sensor and emitting light to the core of the optical fiber sensor;
and
a light detecting means for detecting direct intensity of returned light returning to the light source side via the core subjected to interaction with the outside of the mode restriction releasing means in the mode restriction releasing means.
[claim6]
6. A measuring apparatus as set forth in claim 5, further comprising measuring means for measuring a predetermined characteristic of an environment outside of said optical fiber sensor based on an intensity of said returned light detected by said light detecting means.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • IGA MITSUHIRO
  • WATANABE KAZUHIRO
  • SEKI ATSUSHI
  • SOKA UNIVERSITY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G01N021/43B
  • G01N021/55B
  • G01N021/77B
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