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Positron emission tomography scanner and radiation detector

Foreign code F100002287
File No. 272US
Posted date Nov 29, 2010
Country United States of America
Application number 65869906
Gazette No. 20090159804
Gazette No. 7671339
Date of filing Dec 25, 2006
Gazette Date Jun 25, 2009
Gazette Date Mar 2, 2010
International application number JP2006326357
International publication number WO2008023451
Date of international filing Dec 25, 2006
Date of international publication Feb 28, 2008
Priority data
  • P2006-229376 (Aug 25, 2006) JP
  • 2006WO-JP326357 (Dec 25, 2006) WO
Title Positron emission tomography scanner and radiation detector
Abstract (US7671339)
A positron emission tomography (PET) scanner is provided which uses information on the time-of-flight difference (TOF) between annihilation radiations for image reconstruction.
The scanner has detection time correction information (memory) corresponding to information on coordinates in a radiation detection element (e.g., scintillator crystal), in the depth and lateral directions, at which an interaction has occurred between an annihilation radiation and the crystal.
Reference is made to the detection time correction information, thereby providing information on time-of-flight difference with improved accuracy.
As such, an improved signal to noise ratio and spatial resolution are provided for image reconstruction using time-of-flight (TOF) difference.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A positron emission tomography scanner which employs information regarding a time-of-flight difference between annihilation radiations for image reconstruction, comprising; a radiation detection element, that is a scintillator crystal which provides information regarding the depth direction at which an interaction with an annihilation radiation has occurred inside the detection element,
means for holding detection time correction information corresponding to information on coordinates, representing a depth direction and a lateral direction, at which an interaction has occurred between an annihilation radiation and the radiation detection element, and;
means for correcting the detection time by referring to the detection time correction information so that information accuracy regarding the time-of-flight difference is improved.
[claim2]
2. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the means for holding the detection time correction information is a memory.
[claim3]
3. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the scintillator crystal is regarded to have a bar-like shape longer in the depth direction, and to be a plurality of virtual layers which are provided in the depth direction and stacked in two or more layers in the depth direction.
[claim4]
4. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the scintillator crystal is stacked in two or more stages in the depth direction.
[claim5]
5. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the means for correcting the detection time is used to correct for an error in detection time caused by a difference in propagation speed between an annihilation radiation in the scintillator crystal and scintillation light.
[claim6]
6. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the means for correcting detection time is used to correct for an error in detection time caused by a difference in propagation path length of scintillation light in the scintillator crystal.
[claim7]
7. The positron emission tomography scanner according to claim 1, wherein the means for correcting the detection time is used to correct for an error in detection time resulting from a difference in output waveform of a detector caused by a difference in propagation path of scintillation light in the scintillator crystal.
[claim8]
8. A radiation detector for detecting an annihilation radiation incident upon a radiation detection element that is a scintillator crystal which provides information regarding the depth direction at which an interaction with an annihilation radiation has occurred inside the detection element, having a means for correcting detection time for correcting an error in detection time according to information on coordinates, representing a depth direction and a lateral direction, at which an interaction has occurred between an annihilation radiation and a radiation detection element.
[claim9]
9. The radiation detector according to claim 8, wherein: means for correcting the detection time is used to correct for an error in detection time caused by a difference between a flight speed of the annihilation radiation and a propagation speed of scintillation light produced in the scintillator crystal due to an interaction between the annihilation radiation and the scintillator crystal.
[claim10]
10. The radiation detector according to claim 8, wherein: the means for correcting the detection time is used to correct for an error in detection time resulting from an output waveform of an optical detector being varied depending on each coordinates, representing a depth direction and a lateral direction, at which an interaction has occurred between the annihilation radiation and the scintillator crystal, because a number of scintillation photons produced in the scintillator crystal due to the interaction between the annihilation radiation and the scintillator crystal arrive at the optical detector at different times through various propagation paths, so that the relation between time and the number of photons differs depending on the coordinates.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SHIBUYA KENGO
  • TSUDA TOMOAKI
  • NISHIKIDO FUMIHIKO
  • INADAMA NAOKO
  • YOSHIDA EIJI
  • YAMAYA TAIGA
  • MURAYAMA HIDEO
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTES FOR QUANTUM AND RADIOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G01T001/29D4
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