OPTICAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, OPTICAL TRANSMITTER, OPTICAL RECEIVER AND METHODS, AND CORRELATORS USED THEREFOR
A complex orthogonal code in the present invention is one in which each row of a square matrix of N rows and N columns in which an element of an mth row and nth column is exp[2pij(m-1)(n-1)/N] (where j is an imaginary unit) is adopted as a code word. An optical orthogonal code for Optical Code Division Multiplexing/Optical Code Division Multiple Access (OCDM/OCDMA) is realized by a train of N-number of optical pulses corresponding to the argument (phase) of the code elements. An optical transmitter or optical receiver includes an optical correlator provided with a sampled Bragg grating having a plurality of Bragg gratings disposed serially at regular intervals inside an optical waveguide. The optical correlator is allocated any one of the code words. In the optical transmitter, an optical signal to be transmitted is encoded by the optical correlator.
In the receiver, a received optical signal is decoded by the optical correlator. A high autocorrelation output is obtained only in a case where the code word used to encode the received optical signal and the code word allocated to the optical receiver match.