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Method of measuring superficial chemical species and apparatus for measuring the same

Foreign code F110003070
File No. 56-US
Posted date May 25, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 59040705
Gazette No. 20070173725
Gazette No. 7974670
Date of filing Feb 22, 2005
Gazette Date Jul 26, 2007
Gazette Date Jul 5, 2011
International application number JP2005002821
International publication number WO2005079661
Date of international filing Feb 22, 2005
Date of international publication Sep 1, 2005
Priority data
  • P2004-047987 (Feb 24, 2004) JP
  • 2005WO-JP02821 (Feb 22, 2005) WO
Title Method of measuring superficial chemical species and apparatus for measuring the same
Abstract (US7974670)
A method of processing skin surface observation measuring data which is able to address various sicknesses and reduce an error in sickness detection, and a measuring apparatus requiring no filter.
The measuring apparatus an irradiator applying a white light to a biological surface as a sample, a detector detecting the spectra of the white light reflected off a plurality of positions on the biological surface, a plotter plotting the absorbances of the above spectra to a light spectrum multi-dimensional space, an analyzer subjecting data in the spectrum multi-dimension space obtained from the plurality of positions to multivariate analysis to determine the eigenvectors of at least first, second and third principal components, and a display projecting data at respective positions in respective eigenvector directions to display their magnitudes on a two-dimension display screen on a gray scale or in colors corresponding to the magnitudes; and a measuring method by the apparatus.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A measuring method comprising the steps of: irradiating a white light to a biological surface as a sample;
detecting a spectrum of the white light reflected from two or more positions on said biological surface;
plotting an absorbance of said spectrum to a spectral multi-dimensional space of light;
conducting a multivariate analysis of a data on said spectral multi-dimensional space obtained from said two or more positions to obtain eigenvectors of at least first, second and third principal components; and
projecting the data of each position onto a direction of the eigenvector of said at least three principal components to measure at least one of a total amount of hemoglobin, an amount of melanin, an amount of talaporfin, and a difference in amount between oxygenated hemoglobin and reduced hemoglobin, which exist on said biological surface, based on a magnitude of the component of said data with respect to the direction of said eigenvector.
[claim2]
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having wavelength bands of from 500 to 600 nm and 500 to 850 nm.
[claim3]
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having wavelength bands of from 500 to 600 nm and 700 to 780 nm.
[claim4]
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having wavelength bands of from 500 to 600 nm, 500 to 850 nm and 700 to 780 nm.
[claim5]
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein talaporfin is administered to said biological surface so that said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having a basic wavelength band of from 600 to 700 nm.
[claim6]
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having a basic wavelength band of 700 nm or above.
[claim7]
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein said multivariate analysis is conducted with said spectrum of light having basic wavelength bands of from 500 to 600 nm and 500 to 850 nm, while a data of at least one position on said biological surface is projected onto the directions of the eigenvectors of said second and third principal components to display a change of magnitude thereof with time.
[claim8]
8. An apparatus for measuring comprising: an irradiating device configured for irradiating a white light to a biological surface as a sample;
a detector configured for detecting a spectrum of the white light reflected from two or more positions on said biological surface;
a plotter plotting an absorbance of said spectrum to a spectral multi-dimensional space of light;
a calculator obtaining eigenvectors of at least first, second and third principal components by conducting a multivariate analysis of data on said spectral multi-dimensional space obtained from said two or more positions and measuring at least one of a total amount of hemoglobin, an amount of melanin, an amount of talaprofin, and a difference in amount between oxygenated hemoglobin and reduced hemoglobin, which exist on said biological surface; and
a display displaying a magnitude of the component of said data on a gray scale or in colors according to the magnitude, on a two-dimensional screen by projecting the data of each position onto a direction of the eigenvector of said at least three principal components, based on the magnitude of the component of said data with respect to the direction of said eigenvector.
[claim9]
9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said irradiating device is provided integrally with a condenser condensing reflection from two or more positions on said biological surface by combining them with an optical fiber.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SOUTA TAKAYUKI
  • AIZAWA KATSUO
  • NAKAMURA ATSUSHI
  • KAGEYAMA SATOSHI
  • OHTSUBO SHINYA
  • ICHIKAWA FUMIHIKO
  • WASEDA UNIVERSITY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • A61B005/00P7
  • A61B005/00P
  • A61B005/44B4
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