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Two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer

Foreign code F110003149
File No. A111-39WO
Posted date Jun 17, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 56684304
Gazette No. 20060204161
Gazette No. 7406221
Date of filing Aug 24, 2004
Gazette Date Sep 14, 2006
Gazette Date Jul 29, 2008
International application number JP2004012114
International publication number WO2005022219
Date of international filing Aug 24, 2004
Date of international publication Mar 10, 2005
Priority data
  • P2003-307654 (Aug 29, 2003) JP
  • 2004WO-JP12114 (Aug 24, 2004) WO
Title Two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer
Abstract (US7406221)
An object of the present invention is to provide a multiplexer/demultiplexer capable of preventing a decrease in multiplexing/demultiplexing efficiency due to an error in wavelength or due to a crosstalk with other wavelengths.
A two-dimensional photonic crystal having holes 22 cyclically arranged is provided with an input waveguide 23 and an output waveguide 24 .
Located between the two waveguides are two point-like defects 25 and 26 , each consisting of a region devoid of the holes 22 .
From the light including various wavelengths and propagating through the input waveguide 23 , the two point-like defects extract a ray of light having a wavelength determined by the shape of the point-like defects and introduce it into the output waveguide 24 .
Compared with the case where there is only one point-like defect, the above-described construction increases the values of the wavelength spectrum of the extracted light at around the resonance wavelength and decreases the values at the wavelength range far from the resonance wavelength.
Therefore, the increase in the values of the wavelength spectrum at around the resonance wavelength ensures that the light having the desired wavelength can be extracted from the waveguide by a large amount even if the wavelength of the light propagating through the waveguide is erroneously shifted from the resonance frequency.
Occurrence of noises within a wavelength range far from the resonance wavelength and extraction of light having the wavelengths of adjacent channels are also suppressed.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer, comprising:
a) a slab-shaped body;
b) a plurality of areas arranged in a lattice pattern with a predetermined cycle within the body, where a refractive index of the areas differs from that of the body;c) a first optical input/output section consisting of a waveguide formed in the body, where the waveguide is made of a linear defect of modified refractive index areas;d) a second optical input/output section formed in the body;
and
e) two point-like defect resonators composed of point-like defects having substantially the same resonance wavelength and arranged in series between the first and second optical input/output sections, each point-like defect consisting of a point-like region devoid of the modified refractive index areas,wherein a value of a coupling ratio defined as mu 2/[(omega 0/2) * (1/Qin+1/Qv)]2 is 0.2.about.10, where omega 0 is a resonance frequency of the point-like defect resonators, Qin is a Q-value between one of the first and second optical input/output sections and the point-like defect resonator closest to the section, Qv is a Q-value between each of the point-like defect resonators and an outside of the crystal, and mu is a mutual coupling coefficient between the point-like defect resonators.
[claim2]
2. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 1, wherein the second optical input/output section is a point-like defect whose Q-value with respect to an outside of the crystal is smaller than that of the point-like defect resonators.
[claim3]
3. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 2, wherein at least one of the point-like resonators is a donor type defect formed by eliminating one or more of the modified refractive index areas.
[claim4]
4. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 1, wherein the second optical input/output section is a waveguide consisting of a linear defect of the modified refractive index areas.
[claim5]
5. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 4, wherein the second optical input/output section is provided with a second reflecting section for reflecting light whose wavelength equals to the resonance wavelength.
[claim6]
6. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 1, wherein the first optical input/output section is provided with a first reflecting section for reflecting light whose wavelength equals to the resonance wavelength.
[claim7]
7. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 5, wherein: the body is composed of plural forbidden band zones, with modified refractive index areas being formed within each forbidden band zones with a different arrangement cycle;
the first optical input/output section or the second optical input/output section is formed so that it passes through all the forbidden band zones;
and
the resonance wavelength of the point-like defect resonators falls within a transmission wavelength band of the waveguide of the first or second optical input/output section in a forbidden band zone including the point-like defect resonators, whereas it is out of the transmission wavelength band of the waveguide in any other forbidden band zone.
[claim8]
8. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 1, wherein there are exactly two point-like defect resonators;
and the point-like defect resonators and the optical input/output sections are symmetrically arranged with respect to a point.
[claim9]
9. The two-dimensional photonic crystal multiplexer/demultiplexer according to claim 1, wherein one or more of the modified refractive index areas located in a proximity of the point-like defect resonators are shifted from positions determined by the arrangement cycle.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • NODA SUSUMU
  • ASANO TAKASHI
  • AKAHANE YOSHIHIRO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Function Evolution of Materials and Devices based on Electron/Photon Related Phenomena AREA
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