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Two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser

Foreign code F110003151
File No. A112-23US2
Posted date Jun 17, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 16444908
Gazette No. 20090016395
Gazette No. 7978745
Date of filing Jun 30, 2008
Gazette Date Jan 15, 2009
Gazette Date Jul 12, 2011
International application number JP2002006764
International publication number WO2003005513
Date of international filing Jul 3, 2002
Date of international publication Jan 16, 2003
Priority data
  • P2001-204315 (Jul 5, 2001) JP
  • 2002WO-JP06764 (Jul 3, 2002) WO
  • 2004US-10482462 (Jul 21, 2004) US
Title Two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser
Abstract (US7978745)
Two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser comprising a two-dimensional photonic crystal, having media different in refractive index arrayed in a two-dimensional cycle, disposed in the vicinity of an active layer that emits light by the injection of carriers, wherein the two-dimensional photonic crystal consists of square lattices having equal lattice constants in perpendicular directions, and a basic lattice consisting of a square with one medium as a vertex has an asymmetric refractive index distribution with respect to either one of the two diagonals of the basic lattice to thereby emit light in a constant polarizing direction.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser having a two-dimensional photonic crystal placed near an active layer that emits light when carriers are injected thereinto, the two-dimensional photonic crystal comprising: a first medium having a predetermined refractive index and
an array of patches of a second medium, the array of patches of the second medium arrayed inside the first medium, the second medium having a different refractive index from the first medium,
wherein all mode degeneration at a GAMMA point of the two-dimensional photonic crystal is resolved,
wherein the patches of the second medium are arrayed at equal intervals in mutually perpendicular first and second directions within the first medium, the array of patches of the second medium thereby forming a square lattice,
wherein a fundamental lattice that repeats with a minimum period and having patches of the second medium at the vertices thereof forms the square lattice, and
wherein at least in part of the fundamental lattices, the patches of the second medium, as seen in a plan view, are asymmetric with respect to one of two diagonal lines of the corresponding fundamental lattices.
[claim2]
2. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser as claimed in claim 1, wherein a frequency at which the active layer exhibits a maximum gain is coincident with a frequency at which the two-dimensional photonic crystal resonates.
[claim3]
3. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser as claimed in claim 1, wherein the patches of the second medium have an elliptic cross-sectional shape.
[claim4]
4. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser having a two-dimensional photonic crystal placed near an active layer that emits light when carriers are injected thereinto, the two-dimensional photonic crystal comprising: a first medium having a predetermined refractive index and
an array of elliptical patches of a second medium, the array of elliptical patches of the second medium arrayed at equal intervals in mutually perpendicular first and second directions inside the first medium thereby forming a square lattice, the second medium having a different refractive index from the first medium,
wherein all mode degeneration at a GAMMA point of the two-dimensional photonic crystal is resolved,
wherein a fundamental lattice that repeats with a minimum period and having elliptical patches of the second medium at the vertices thereof forms the square lattice, and
wherein at least in part of the fundamental lattices, the elliptical patches of the second medium, as seen in a plan view, are asymmetric with respect to one of two diagonal lines of the corresponding fundamental lattices.
[claim5]
5. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser as claimed in claim 4, wherein a frequency at which the active layer exhibits a maximum gain is coincident with a frequency at which the two-dimensional photonic crystal resonates.
[claim6]
6. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser as claimed in claim 4, wherein a major axis of each elliptical patch of the second medium is parallel to one of the first and second directions.
[claim7]
7. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser as claimed in claim 6, wherein a frequency at which the active layer exhibits a maximum gain is coincident with a frequency at which the two-dimensional photonic crystal resonates.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • NODA SUSUMU
  • YOKOYAMA MITSURU
  • HATANO TAKUJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • KONICA MINOLTA ADVANCED LAYERS
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Function Evolution of Materials and Devices based on Electron/Photon Related Phenomena AREA
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