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Plant having increased yield of seeds achieved

Foreign code F110003330
File No. A181-20WO
Posted date Jun 22, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 52328308
Gazette No. 20100083404
Gazette No. 8173865
Date of filing Jan 15, 2008
Gazette Date Apr 1, 2010
Gazette Date May 8, 2012
International application number JP2008050341
International publication number WO2008087932
Date of international filing Jan 15, 2008
Date of international publication Jul 24, 2008
Priority data
  • P2007-007464 (Jan 16, 2007) JP
  • 2008WO-JP50341 (Jan 15, 2008) WO
Title Plant having increased yield of seeds achieved
Abstract (US8173865)
It is found that a transformed plant into which a γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase gene has been introduced is increased in at least one of the number of flowers and the number of seeds in comparison with a wild-type plant, and is therefore increased in seed yield.
Based on this finding, the present invention elucidates the function of a product of a plant-derived γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase gene and provides a technique for producing a plant having an increased seed yield.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A plant transformed by introducing a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase, the polynucleotide producing a translated product having no chloroplast targeting signal peptide,
the plant being further increased in biomass quantity per unit area or seed yield per unit area in comparison with a parent plant thereof by being cultivated at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in the biomass quantity per unit area and in the seed yield per unit area
wherein the polynucleotide encoding the gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase is selected from the group consisting of the following (a) to (d):
(a) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(b) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino-acid sequence in which not more than 10 amino acids of which are deleted, substituted, or added from/in/to the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(c) a polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4; and
(d) a polynucleotide that hybridizes, under stringent conditions, with the polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4.
[claim2]
2. The transformed plant according to claim 1, into which a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase is further introduced.
[claim3]
3. A method for increasing the number of flowers of a plant and/or the number of seeds of the plant, the method comprising the steps of: introducing, into the plant, a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase, wherein the polynucleotide encoding the gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase is selected from the group consisting of the following (a) to (h):
(a) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 1;
(b) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino-acid sequence in which not more than 10 amino acids of which are deleted, substituted, or added from/in/to the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 1;
(c) a polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 2;
(d) a polynucleotide that hybridizes, under stringent conditions, with the polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 2;
(e) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(f) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino-acid sequence in which not more than 10 amino acids of which are deleted, substituted, or added from/in/to the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(g) a polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4; and
(h) a polynucleotide that hybridizes, under stringent conditions, with the polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4; and
cultivating the plant, into which the polynucleotide is introduced, at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in biomass quantity per unit area and in seed yield per unit area.
[claim4]
4. A method for increasing biomass quantity or seed yield of a plant per unit area, the method comprising the steps of: introducing, into the plant, a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase; and
cultivating the plant, into which the polynucleotide is introduced, at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in biomass quantity per unit area and in seed yield per unit area,
wherein a translated product of the polynucleotide encoding the plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase has a chloroplast targeting signal peptide or
wherein a translated product of the polynucleotide encoding the plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase does not have a chloroplast targeting signal peptide and a harvest index is improved.
[claim5]
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the translated product of the polynucleotide encoding the plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase has a chloroplast targeting signal peptide, and the polynucleotide encoding the gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase is selected from the group consisting of the following (a) to (d): (a) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 1;
(b) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino-acid sequence in which not more than 10 amino acids of which are deleted, substituted, or added from/in/to the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 1;
(c) a polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 2; and
(d) a polynucleotide that hybridizes, under stringent conditions, with the polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 2.
[claim6]
6. The method according to claim 4, wherein the translated product of the polynucleotide encoding the plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase does not have a chloroplast targeting signal peptide and a harvest index is improved, and the polynucleotide encoding the gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase is selected from the group consisting of the following (a) to (d): (a) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(b) a polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino-acid sequence in which not more than 10 amino acids of which are deleted, substituted, or added from/in/to the amino-acid sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 3;
(c) a polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4; and
(d) a polynucleotide that hybridizes, under stringent conditions, with the polynucleotide having the base sequence comprising SEQ ID NO: 4.
[claim7]
7. The method according to claim 4, further comprising the step of introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase.
[claim8]
8. A method for producing a plant that is increased in biomass quantity per unit area or seed yield per unit area by being cultivated at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in the biomass quantity per unit area and in the seed yield per unit area, the method comprising the steps of: introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase; and
selecting a plant having an increased biomass or number of flowers and/or seeds in comparison with its parent plant under a cultivation condition where the planting density was higher than that which allows increases in biomass quantity per unit area and in seed yield per unit area.
[claim9]
9. The method according to claim 8, further comprising the step of introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase.
[claim10]
10. A plant transformed by introducing a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase and further introducing a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase, the polynucleotide producing a translated product having no chloroplast targeting signal peptide,
the plant being further increased in biomass quantity per unit area or seed yield per unit area in comparison with a parent plant thereof by being cultivated at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in the biomass quantity per unit area and in the seed yield per unit area.
[claim11]
11. A method for increasing biomass quantity or seed yield of a plant per unit area, the method comprising the steps of: introducing, into the plant, a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase;
introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase; and
cultivating the plant, into which the polynucleotide is introduced, at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in biomass quantity per unit area and in seed yield per unit area.
[claim12]
12. A method for producing a plant that is increased in biomass quantity per unit area or seed yield per unit area by being cultivated at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in the biomass quantity per unit area and in the seed yield per unit area, the method comprising the steps of: introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase; and
introducing into the plant a polynucleotide encoding glutathione-binding aldolase.
[claim13]
13. A plant transformed by introducing a polynucleotide encoding a plant-derived gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase, the polynucleotide producing a translated product having no chloroplast targeting signal peptide, the plant being cultivated at a planting density higher than that which allows increases in the biomass quantity per unit area and in the seed yield per unit area,
wherein the plant having an increased biomass or number of flowers and/or seeds in comparison with its parent plant under a cultivation condition where the planting density was higher than that which allows increases in biomass quantity per unit area and in seed yield per unit area is selected.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • OGAWA KENICHI
  • IWASAKI AYA
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • OKAWAMA PREFECTURE
  • OKAYAMA PREFECTURE
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Plants Function and Their Control AREA
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