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Stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acids, method for incorporating the same in target protein and method for NMR-structural analysis of proteins achieved

Foreign code F110003335
File No. A202-01US2
Posted date Jun 22, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 55908909
Gazette No. 20100056799
Gazette No. 8440169
Date of filing Sep 14, 2009
Gazette Date Mar 4, 2010
Gazette Date May 14, 2013
International application number JP2004016215
International publication number WO2005042469
Date of international filing Nov 1, 2004
Date of international publication May 12, 2005
Priority data
  • P2003-373304 (Oct 31, 2003) JP
  • 2004WO-JP16215 (Nov 1, 2004) WO
  • 2006US-11414756 (Apr 28, 2006) US
Title Stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acids, method for incorporating the same in target protein and method for NMR-structural analysis of proteins achieved
Abstract (US8440169)
The present invention herein provides, for instance, a stable isotope-labeled phenylalanine wherein a carbon atom of the phenyl group linked to an amino acid residue is 13C, 2 to 4 carbon atoms of the remaining 5 carbon atoms constituting the phenyl group are 12C atoms to which deuterium atoms are bonded, and the remaining carbon atoms are 13C atoms to which hydrogen atoms are linked, and a stable isotope-labeled tyrosine wherein a carbon atom of the phenyl group linked to an amino acid residue is 13C, the carbon atom bonded to the hydroxyl group (OH group) of the phenyl group is 12C or 13C, 2 to 4 carbon atoms of the remaining 4 carbon atoms constituting the phenyl group are 12C atoms to which deuterium atoms are bonded, and the remaining carbon atoms are 13C atoms to which hydrogen atoms are linked.
The stable isotope-labeled amino acid permits the elimination of such a conventional problem concerning the complexity of the NMR signals ascribed to aromatic rings, the complexity being a principal cause of making the NMR analysis difficult, encountered when using the conventional uniformly labeled amino acid residue.
Moreover, the isotope-labeled amino acid likewise permits the substantial improvement of the sensitivity thereof to the NMR spectroscopic analysis.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acid selected from those listed below: A stable isotope-labeled phenylalanine wherein a carbon atom of the phenyl group linked to a group represented by the following general formula A is 13C, 2 to 4 carbon atoms of the remaining 5 carbon atoms constituting the phenyl group are 12C atoms to which deuterium atoms are bonded, and the remaining carbon atoms are 13C atoms to which hydrogen atoms are linked; and
A stable isotope-labeled tyrosine wherein a carbon atom of the phenyl group linked to a group represented by the following general formula A is 13C, the carbon atom bonded to the hydroxyl group (OH group) of the phenyl group is 12C or 13C, 2 to 4 carbon atoms of the remaining 4 carbon atoms constituting the phenyl group are 12C atoms to which deuterium atoms are bonded, and the remaining carbon atoms are 13C atoms to which hydrogen atoms are linked;
-*1C(X)(Y) -- *2C(Z)(15NH)(*3COOH) (A)
wherein each of *1C, *2C, and *3C represents 12C or 13C atom, each of X, Y and Z represents a hydrogen or deuterium atom.
[claim2]
2. The stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acid as set forth in claim 1, wherein each of *1C, *2C, and *3C appearing in the general formula A is 13C atom.
[claim3]
3. The stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acid as set forth in claim 1, wherein it is represented by the following general formula (1) to (8):

wherein C represents 12C or 13C, N represents 14N or 15N, Z represents a hydrogen atom or a deuterium atom and R represents a group represented by the following formula:

wherein each of X, Y and Z represents a hydrogen atom or a deuterium atom.
[claim4]
4. The stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acid as set forth in claim 3, wherein it is an amino acid represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4), (7) or (8).
[claim5]
5. A combination of stable isotope-labeled amino acids constituting a target protein wherein the aromatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acids as set forth in claim 1 and the aliphatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aliphatic amino acids which satisfy the following requirements of labeled patterns: (a) In case where a methylene group carrying two hydrogen atoms is present, one of the methylene hydrogen atoms is deuterated;
(b) In case where a prochiral gem-methyl group is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on one of the methyl groups are completely deuterated, while the hydrogen atoms on the other methyl group are partially deuterated;
(d) In case where a methyl group other than the foregoing ones is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group except for one hydrogen atom are deuterated or all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group are deuterated;
(e) After the deuteration in the foregoing requirements (a), (b) and (d), all of the carbon atoms of hydrogen atom-carrying methylene and/or methyl groups are replaced with 13C atoms; and
(f) All of the nitrogen atoms present are completely replaced with 15N atoms.
[claim6]
6. The combination of stable isotope-labeled amino acids constituting a target protein as set forth in claim 5, wherein the stable isotope-labeled aliphatic amino acid satisfies the requirement (e) after the deuteration in the foregoing requirements (a), (b) and (d), all of the carbon atoms of hydrogen atom-carrying methylene and/or methyl groups are replaced with 13C atoms.
[claim7]
7. The combination of stable isotope-labeled amino acids as set forth in claim 6, wherein the carbon atoms constituting the carbonyl and guanidyl groups of the stable isotope-labeled aliphatic amino acids are replaced with 13C atoms.
[claim8]
8. A combination of stable isotope-labeled amino acids constituting a target protein wherein the aromatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acids as set forth in claim 1 and the aliphatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aliphatic amino acids which satisfy the following labeled pattern: (a) In case where a methylene group carrying two hydrogen atoms is present, one of the methylene hydrogen atoms is deuterated;
(b) In case where a prochiral gem-methyl group is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on one of the methyl groups are completely deuterated, while the hydrogen atoms on the other methyl group are partially deuterated;
(d) In case where a methyl group other than the foregoing ones is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group except for one hydrogen atom are deuterated or all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group are deuterated;
(e) After the deuteration in the foregoing items (a), (b) and (d), not less than 15 atom % of the carbon atoms of hydrogen atom-carrying methylene and/or methyl groups are replaced with 13C atoms; and
(f) All of the nitrogen atoms present are completely replaced with 15N atoms.
[claim9]
9. A combination of stable isotope-labeled amino acids constituting a target protein wherein the aromatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aromatic amino acids as set forth in claim 1 and the aliphatic amino acids constituting the target protein are stable isotope-labeled aliphatic amino acids which satisfy the following labeled pattern: (a) In case where a methylene group carrying two hydrogen atoms is present, one of the methylene hydrogen atoms is deuterated;
(b) In case where a prochiral gem-methyl group is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on one of the methyl groups are completely deuterated, while the hydrogen atoms on the other methyl group are partially deuterated;
(d) In case where a methyl group other than the foregoing ones is present, all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group except for one hydrogen atom are deuterated or all of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl group are deuterated;
(e) After the deuteration in the foregoing items (a), (b) and (d), all of the carbon atoms of hydrogen atom-carrying methylene and/or methyl groups are 12C atoms; and
(f) All of the nitrogen atoms present are completely replaced with 15N atoms.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • KAINOSHO MASATSUNE
  • TERAUCHI TSUTOMU
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Understanding the Brain (Mechanisms of Brain) AREA
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