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Photonic crystal coupling defect waveguide

Foreign code F110003351
File No. A241-30WO
Posted date Jun 23, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 59147105
Gazette No. 20070280592
Gazette No. 7440658
Date of filing Mar 1, 2005
Gazette Date Dec 6, 2007
Gazette Date Oct 21, 2008
International application number JP2005003366
International publication number WO2005085921
Date of international filing Mar 1, 2005
Date of international publication Sep 15, 2005
Priority data
  • P2004-058536 (Mar 3, 2004) JP
  • 2005WO-JP03366 (Mar 1, 2005) WO
Title Photonic crystal coupling defect waveguide
Abstract (US7440658)
A photonic crystal directional coupler composed of at least two linear defect waveguides introduced into a photonic crystal.
The medium constant and the lattice constant of the photonic crystal at the photonic crystal directional coupling part, the sizes and shapes of the elements constituting the periodical structure of the photonic crystal are varied.
Thereby the difference in propagation constant between the even and odd modes of the photonic crystal directional coupling part is increased, thus shortening the coupling length of the photonic crystal directional coupler.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A photonic crystal coupling defect waveguide comprising: a photonic crystal including photonic crystal elements constituting a periodic structure and, for suppressing propagation of an electromagnetic field including light or a radio wave of a specific wavelength or in a specific frequency range;
and
a coupling waveguide including at least two waveguides, each of which includes a line defect that is a plurality of defects which are portions where the photonic crystal elements constituting the periodic structure of the photonic crystal are locally removed as line and forms the waveguide in the photonic crystal, and an input end or an output end for inputting and/or outputting the electromagnetic field and, which are mode-coupled to each other and, in which an electromagnetic field inputted to one of the waveguides causes an electromagnetic field to be propagated to the other waveguide,whereinby one of or more than one of (1) effectively changing a medium constant including one of or more than one of a dielectric constant, a refractive index, a conductivity and a magnetic permeability of the photonic crystal, (2) effectively changing size or shape of the photonic crystal elements, and (3) changing a lattice constant indicating a periodic interval of the photonic crystal elements,(a) band structures of an even mode and an odd mode of the coupling waveguide are shifted with respect to a normalized frequency, or (b) the band structures of the even mode and the odd mode of the coupling waveguide are respectively changed at different degrees;
and by this, a difference in propagation constant between the even mode and the odd mode at a normalized frequency is made large, and a coupling length of a mode-coupled propagating electromagnetic wave which propagates in the coupling waveguide is made short,further whereinin the part of the photonic crystal including the part of or the whole of the coupling waveguide, the shape of the photonic crystal elements are not changed with respect to the another part, and the lattice constant and the size of the photonic crystal elements are changed similarly and at a same rate as compared with the another part.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • FURUYA KATSUMI
  • KOMORI KAZUHIRO
  • YAMAMOTO NORITSUGU
  • WATANABE YOSHINORI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Creation of Nanodevices and System Based on New Physical Phenomena and Functional Principles AREA
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