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Josephson quantum computing device and integrated circuit using such devices

Foreign code F110003358
File No. A241-47WO
Posted date Jun 23, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 65864705
Gazette No. 20090261319
Gazette No. 8284585
Date of filing Jul 25, 2005
Gazette Date Oct 22, 2009
Gazette Date Oct 9, 2012
International application number JP2005013585
International publication number WO2006011451
Date of international filing Jul 25, 2005
Date of international publication Feb 2, 2006
Priority data
  • P2004-219284 (Jul 27, 2004) JP
  • P2004-375008 (Dec 24, 2004) JP
  • 2005WO-JP13585 (Jul 25, 2005) WO
Title Josephson quantum computing device and integrated circuit using such devices
Abstract (US8284585)
A Josephson quantum computing device and an integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices which can realize a NOT gate operation controlled with 2 bits will be provided.
The Josephson quantum computing device (1) comprises: a superconducting ring member (10) having a &pgr;-junction (6) and a 0-junction (7); and a quantum state detecting member (20) constituted by a superconducting quantum interference device arranged outside of the superconducting ring member, wherein a bonding and an antibonding state brought about by a tunneling effect between a |↑> and a |↓> state as two states degenerate in energy of the superconducting ring member (10) are regarded as quantum bits.
The bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by the quantum state detecting member (20).
The two bit controlled NOT gate operation can be performed by the two quantum bits comprising said quantum bits.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A Josephson quantum computing device, characterized in that it comprises: a superconducting ring member with a pi -junction constituted of a Josephson junction and a first 0-junction or a first and a second 0-junctions each of which is constituted of a Josephson junction; and
a quantum state detecting member constituted by a superconducting quantum interference device arranged outside of said superconducting ring member, wherein:
a bonding and an antibonding state brought about by a tunneling effect between a | (up arrow) > and a |.down arrow dbl.> state as two states degenerate in energy of said superconducting ring member are regarded as quantum bits, and
said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by said quantum state detecting member.
[claim2]
2. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said superconducting ring member comprises a pair of semicircular superconductors, a ferromagnetic metal sandwiched between adjacent first ends of said superconductors and an insulator sandwiched between adjacent second ends of said superconductors wherein said two superconductors and said ferromagnetic metal together form said pi -junction and said two superconductors and said insulator together form said 0-junction.
[claim3]
3. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said superconducting ring member comprises a first, a second and a third superconductor which as a whole are disposed in the form of a ring and are strips essentially tri-partitioned of the ring and arranged having three interspaces open between their adjacent ends and a ferromagnetic body and a first and a second insulator with which the three interfaces are filled, respectively, wherein: said first superconductor, said first insulator and said third superconductor together form said first 0-junction,
said second superconductor, said second insulator and said third superconductor together form said second 0 junction, and
said first superconductor, said ferromagnetic body and said second superconductor together form said pi -junction.
[claim4]
4. A Josephson quantum computing device, characterized in that it comprises: a superconducting ring member having a pi -junction and a 0-junction; and
a quantum state detecting member constituted by a superconducting quantum interference device arranged outside of said superconducting ring member, wherein:
a bonding and antibonding state brought about by a tunneling effect between a | (up arrow) > and a |.down arrow dbl.> state as two states degenerate in energy of said superconducting ring member are regarded as quantum bits, and
said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by said quantum state detecting member.
[claim5]
5. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 4, characterized in that said superconducting ring member comprises a pair of semicircular superconductors, a ferromagnetic metal sandwiched between adjacent first ends of said superconductors and an insulator sandwiched between adjacent second ends of said superconductors wherein said two superconductors and said ferromagnetic metal together form said pi -junction and said two superconductors and said insulator together form said 0-junction.
[claim6]
6. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states of said superconducting ring member are controlled by a ratio (gamma ) of Josephson coupling constants at said pi - and 0-junctions.
[claim7]
7. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by said quantum state detecting member upon applying thereto an external magnetic field.
[claim8]
8. The Josephson quantum computing device as set forth in claim 4, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are states that are superposed arbitrarily as desired by a microwave with which said quantum bits are irradiated.
[claim9]
9. An integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices, characterized in that each of said Josephson quantum computing devices comprises: a superconducting ring member having a pi -junction constituted of a Josephson junction and a first 0-junction or a first and a second 0-junction each of which is constituted of a Josephson junction; and
a quantum state detecting member constituted by a superconducting quantum interference device arranged outside of said superconducting ring member, wherein:
a bonding and an antibonding state brought about by a tunneling effect between a | (up arrow) > and a |.down arrow dbl.> state as two states degenerate in energy of said superconducting ring member are regarded as quantum bits, and
said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by said quantum state detecting member.
[claim10]
10. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that said superconducting ring member has a pi -junction constituted of a Josephson junction and a first 0-junction which is constituted of a Josephson junction and comprises a pair of semicircular superconductors, a ferromagnetic metal sandwiched between respective and adjacent first ends of said superconductors and an insulator sandwiched between respective and adjacent second ends of said superconductors wherein said two superconductors and said ferromagnetic metal together form said pi -junction and said two superconductors and said insulator together form said 0-junction.
[claim11]
11. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that: said superconducting ring member has a pi -junction constituted of a Josephson junction and a first and a second 0-junction each of which is constituted of a Josephson junction and comprises a first, a second and a third superconductor which as a whole are disposed in the form of a ring and are strips essentially tri-partitioned of the ring and arranged having three interspaces open between their adjacent ends and a ferromagnetic body and a first and a second insulator with which the three interfaces are filled, respectively, wherein:
said first superconductor, said first insulator and said third superconductor together form said first 0-junction,
said second superconductor, said second insulator and said third superconductor together form said second 0 junction, and
said first superconductor, said ferromagnetic body and said second superconductor together form said pi -junction.
[claim12]
12. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states of said superconducting ring member are controlled by a ratio (gamma ) of Josephson coupling constants at said first and second 0-junctions and said pi -junction.
[claim13]
13. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states as the quantum bits are read out by said quantum state detecting member upon applying thereto an external magnetic field.
[claim14]
14. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that two such quantum bits adjacent to each other are so arranged as to bring about a magnetic interaction and operates as a controlled NOT gate.
[claim15]
15. The integrated circuit using Josephson quantum computing devices as set forth in claim 9, characterized in that said bonding and antibonding states as said quantum bits are states that are superposed as desired by a microwave with which said quantum bits are irradiated to operate as a controlled NOT gate.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • MAEKAWA SADAMICHI
  • YAMASHITA TARO
  • TAKAHASHI SABURO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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