Top > Search of International Patents > Method and apparatus for separating isomers of chiral substance

Method and apparatus for separating isomers of chiral substance meetings

Foreign code F110003368
File No. A242-78WO
Posted date Jun 23, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 73500208
Gazette No. 20100256354
Gazette No. 8084266
Date of filing Dec 12, 2008
Gazette Date Oct 7, 2010
Gazette Date Dec 27, 2011
International application number JP2008072680
International publication number WO2009075359
Date of international filing Dec 12, 2008
Date of international publication Jun 18, 2009
Priority data
  • P2007-322384 (Dec 13, 2007) JP
  • 2008WO-JP72680 (Dec 12, 2008) WO
Title Method and apparatus for separating isomers of chiral substance meetings
Abstract (US8084266)
In order to realize a method and an apparatus, each of which requires no contact treatment and no chemical reaction, for separating isomers of a chiral substance by irradiating a chiral substance with light such as circularly polarized light, so as to separate isomers in accordance with a difference in acceleration between the isomers, separation of isomers of a chiral substance in accordance with at least one embodiment of the present invention includes: (i) a circularly polarized light irradiating apparatus for irradiating, with circularly polarized light, a chiral substance which is a mixture of different isomers and is released from a molecular beam generating apparatus in a vacuum chamber; and (ii) isomer inlets for separating the different isomers of the chiral substance in accordance with a difference in acceleration between the different isomers.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An isomer separation method for a chiral substance, comprising: irradiating the chiral substance which is a mixture of different isomers, with circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light, so as to cause a difference in radiation force between the different isomers; and
separating the different isomers in accordance with a difference in acceleration between the different isomers, the difference in acceleration being caused by the difference in radiation force.
[claim2]
2. The isomer separation method as set forth in claim 1, wherein the chiral substance exists under vacuum or in a fluid medium containing a gas.
[claim3]
3. The isomer separation method as set forth in claim 1, wherein the circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light has a frequency causing resonance at an electronic excitation level of any one of the different isomers included in the chiral substance.
[claim4]
4. The isomer separation method as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the chiral substance is irradiated with two beams of the circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light which rotate in different directions; and
one and the other of the two beams are emitted from (i) a given direction and (ii) a direction different from the given direction, respectively.
[claim5]
5. An isomer separation apparatus for a chiral substance, comprising: circularly polarized light irradiating means for irradiating the chiral substance which is a mixture of different isomers, with circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light, so as to cause a difference in radiation force between the different isomers; and
isomer separating means for separating at least one of the different isomers from the chiral substance in accordance with a difference in acceleration between the different isomers of the chiral substance, the difference in acceleration being caused by the difference in radiation force.
[claim6]
6. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, wherein the chiral substance exists under vacuum or in a fluid medium containing a gas.
[claim7]
7. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, wherein the light emitted by the circularly polarized light irradiating means has a frequency causing resonance at an electronic excitation level of any one of the different isomers included in the chiral substance.
[claim8]
8. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, wherein: the circularly polarized light irradiating means irradiates the chiral substance with two beams of the circularly polarized light or elliptically polarized light which rotate in different directions; and
one and the other of the two beams are emitted from (i) a given direction and (ii) a direction different from the given direction, respectively.
[claim9]
9. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, further comprising: chiral substance releasing means for unidirectionally releasing the chiral substance into the medium,
the circularly polarized light irradiating means emitting the light from a direction which intersects with the direction into which the chiral substance is released.
[claim10]
10. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, further comprising: medium rotating means for rotating the fluid medium containing the chiral substance,
the circularly polarized light irradiating means emitting the light from a direction which intersects with a radius vector rotation plane of the rotation carried out by the medium rotating means.
[claim11]
11. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, wherein: the isomer separating means includes isomer detecting sections for detecting the respective isomers; and
the respective isomer detecting sections are provided at positions corresponding to displacement amounts of the respective isomers between which displacement amounts a difference is caused by the difference in acceleration as time passes.
[claim12]
12. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 5, wherein: the isomer separating means includes isomer inlets for receiving the respective isomers, and
the respective isomer inlets are provided at positions corresponding to displacement amounts of the respective isomers between which displacement amounts a difference is caused by the difference in acceleration as time passes.
[claim13]
13. The isomer separation apparatus as set forth in claim 12 wherein the isomer separating means further includes isomer detecting sections respectively provided in the vicinities of the isomer inlets, for detecting the respective isomers.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • ISHIHARA HAJIME
  • IIDA TAKUYA
  • EGUCHI HIROKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Creation of Nanodevices and System Based on New Physical Phenomena and Functional Principles AREA
Please contact us by E-mail or facsimile if you have any interests on this patent.

PAGE TOP

close
close
close
close
close
close