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Ferromagnetic shape memory alloy and its use

Foreign code F110003473
File No. A282-05WO
Posted date Jun 27, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 99381206
Gazette No. 20100156579
Gazette No. 8016952
Date of filing Jun 27, 2006
Gazette Date Jun 24, 2010
Gazette Date Sep 13, 2011
International application number JP2006312835
International publication number WO2007001009
Date of international filing Jun 27, 2006
Date of international publication Jan 4, 2007
Priority data
  • P2005-186663 (Jun 27, 2005) JP
  • 2006WO-JP312835 (Jun 27, 2006) WO
Title Ferromagnetic shape memory alloy and its use
Abstract (US8016952)
A ferromagnetic shape memory alloy comprising 25-50 atomic % of Mn, 5-18 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of In, Sn and Sb, and 0.1-15 atomic % of Co and/or Fe, the balance being Ni and inevitable impurities, which has excellent shape memory characteristics in a practical temperature range, thereby recovering its shape by a magnetic change caused by a magnetic-field-induced reverse transformation in a practical temperature range.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A ferromagnetic shape memory alloy consisting of 25-50 atomic % of Mn, 5-18 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of In, Sn and Sb, and 0.1-15 atomic % of Co and/or Fe, the balance being Ni and inevitable impurities.
[claim2]
2. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 1, wherein it contains more than 40 atomic % of Ni.
[claim3]
3. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 1, wherein its parent phase is ferromagnetic, and its martensite phase is paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic.
[claim4]
4. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 3, wherein said martensite phase has a long-period stacking structure.
[claim5]
5. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 3, wherein the difference is 50 emu/g or more between magnetization measured at a martensitic transformation-starting temperature and magnetization measured at a martensitic transformation-finishing temperature, and between magnetization measured at a martensitic reverse transformation-starting temperature and magnetization measured at a martensitic reverse transformation-finishing temperature, when a magnetic field of 20 kOe or more is applied.
[claim6]
6. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 3, wherein a rho M/rho p ratio of the electric resistance rho M of the martensite phase to the electric resistance rho p of the parent phase is 2 or more.
[claim7]
7. A magnetic-driving device comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes shape recovery and/or magnetic change caused by martensitic reverse transformation to a ferromagnetic parent phase induced by applying a magnetic field to said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase.
[claim8]
8. The magnetic-driving device according to claim 7, which utilizes shape change and/or magnetic change caused by a transformation to said martensite phase induced by removing a magnetic field from said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of said parent phase generated by a magnetic-field-induced reverse transformation.
[claim9]
9. The magnetic-driving device according to claim 8, which utilizes stress generated by said shape recovery and/or said shape change.
[claim10]
10. A thermomagnetic-driving device comprising a temperature-sensitive magnetic body comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes (a) magnetic change caused by a martensitic reverse transformation to a ferromagnetic parent phase induced by heating said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase, and/or (b) magnetic change caused by a transformation to said martensite phase induced by cooling the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of said parent phase.
[claim11]
11. A magnetic freezer composed of the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes heat absorption occurring in a martensitic reverse transformation to a ferromagnetic parent phase induced by applying a magnetic field to said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase.
[claim12]
12. A heat-generating/absorbing device comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes (a) heat generation occurring in said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a ferromagnetic parent phase by a martensitic transformation, and (b) heat absorption occurring in said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase by a martensitic reverse transformation.
[claim13]
13. The heat-generating/absorbing device according to claim 12, wherein (a) said martensitic transformation is induced by applying stress to the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of said parent phase, or by removing a magnetic field from the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of said parent phase generated by a magnetic-field-induced reverse transformation; and (b) said martensitic reverse transformation is induced by applying a magnetic field to the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of said martensite phase, or by removing stress from the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a martensite phase generated by a stress-induced transformation.
[claim14]
14. A stress-magnetism device comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes (a) magnetic change caused by a transformation to a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase induced by applying stress to said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a ferromagnetic parent phase, and/or (b) magnetic change caused by a reverse transformation to said parent phase induced by removing stress from the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a martensite phase generated by a stress-induced transformation.
[claim15]
15. A stress-resistance device comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes (a) electric resistance change caused by a transformation to a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase induced by applying stress to said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a ferromagnetic parent phase, and/or (b) electric resistance change caused by a reverse transformation to said parent phase induced by removing stress from the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a martensite phase generated by a stress-induced transformation.
[claim16]
16. A magnetoresistance device comprising the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy recited in claim 1, which utilizes (a) electric resistance change caused by a martensitic reverse transformation to a ferromagnetic parent phase induced by applying a magnetic field to said ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic martensite phase, and/or (b) electric resistance change caused by a transformation to said martensite phase induced by removing a magnetic field from the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy in a state of a parent phase generated by a magnetic-field-induced reverse transformation.
[claim17]
17. A ferromagnetic shape memory alloy comprising 25-50 atomic % of Mn, 5-18 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of In, Sn and Sb, 0.1-15 atomic % of Co and/or Fe, 0.1-15 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of Ti, Pd, Pt, Al, Ga, Si, Ge, Pb and Bi, and more than 40 atomic % of Ni, the balance being inevitable impurities.
[claim18]
18. A ferromagnetic shape memory alloy comprising 25-50 atomic % of Mn, 5-18 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of In, Sn and Sb, 0.1-15 atomic % of Co and/or Fe, and 0.1-15 atomic % in total of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of Pd, Pt, Pb and Bi, the balance being Ni and inevitable impurities.
[claim19]
19. The ferromagnetic shape memory alloy according to claim 18, wherein it contains more than 40 atomic % of Ni.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • ISHIDA KIYOHITO
  • OIKAWA KATSUNARI
  • KAINUMA RYOSUKE
  • KANOMATA TAKESHI
  • SUTOU YUJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST The Innovation of Simulation Technology and the Construction of Foundations for Its Practical Use AREA
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