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Quantum entanglement generating system and method, and quantum entanglement generating and detecting system and method

Foreign code F110003515
File No. A291-02WO
Posted date Jun 28, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 67397208
Gazette No. 20110032532
Gazette No. 8228507
Date of filing Aug 11, 2008
Gazette Date Feb 10, 2011
Gazette Date Jul 24, 2012
International application number JP2008064436
International publication number WO2009025195
Date of international filing Aug 11, 2008
Date of international publication Feb 26, 2009
Priority data
  • P2007-213205 (Aug 18, 2007) JP
  • 2008WO-JP64436 (Aug 11, 2008) WO
Title Quantum entanglement generating system and method, and quantum entanglement generating and detecting system and method
Abstract (US8228507)
A quantum entanglement generating system includes: a laser light source for producing a light beam of light frequency 2f0; a ring interferometer comprising a beam splitter into which the light beam of light frequency 2f0 is incident and a plurality of mirrors, the beam splitter and the mirrors forming an optical path in the form of a ring; a parametric amplifier inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer for producing a beam of light of light frequency f0 upon receiving the light beam of light frequency 2f0 incident into the optical parametric amplifier; and a dispersive medium inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer for varying relative optical path length for the light beam of light frequency 2f0 and the light beam of light frequency f0.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A quantum entanglement generating system comprising: a laser light source for producing a light beam of light frequency 2f0;
a ring interferometer comprising a beam splitter and a plurality of mirrors, the beam splitter and the minors forming an optical path in the form of a ring;
an optical parametric amplifier inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer for producing a light beam of light frequency f0 upon receiving a light beam of light frequency 2f0 incident into the optical parametric amplifier; and
a dispersive medium inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer,
wherein the light beam of light frequency 2f0 from the laser light source injects into the beam splitter,
the beam splitter splits the light beam of light frequency 2f0 into two light beams travelling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer, the two light beams injected into the optical parametric amplifier to generate a first and a second squeezed light beams traveling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer,
the dispersive medium adjusts the relative phase between the first and second squeezed light beams at a selected value, and
the beam splitter combines the first and second squeezed light beams, thereby generating quantum entangled beams.
[claim2]
2. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the optical path of the ring interferometer is formed of the sides of a polygon of triangle or more angle in the ring interferometer in which the beam splitter is disposed at an apex of the polygon with the minors lying at its remaining apexes, respectively.
[claim3]
3. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the optical path of the ring interferometer is a triangular optical path in which the beam splitter and a first and a second of the mirrors are arranged in turn anticlockwise, and wherein
the dispersive medium is disposed in the optical path between the beam splitter and the first minor in the ring interferometer, and
the optical parametric amplifier is disposed in the optical path between the first and second minors in the ring interferometer.
[claim4]
4. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the optical path of the ring interferometer is a rectangular optical path in which the beam splitter and a first, a second and a third of the mirrors are arranged in turn anticlockwise, and wherein the optical parametric amplifier is disposed in the optical path between the first and second minors in the ring interferometer, and
the dispersive medium is disposed in the optical path between the beam splitter and the third minor in the ring interferometer.
[claim5]
5. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 3 or claim 4 wherein on the optical axis there is disposed a condenser means, each between the optical parametric amplifier and the first minor and between the optical parametric amplifier and the second minor.
[claim6]
6. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the optical parametric amplifier has an optical waveguide structure consisting of an electrooptic crystal.
[claim7]
7. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the dispersive medium consists of two glass plates.
[claim8]
8. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the laser light source comprises a light source for producing a light beam of light frequency f0 and a second harmonic generator for converting the incident light beam of light frequency f0 from the light source into a light beam of light frequency 2f0.
[claim9]
9. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 8 wherein the second harmonic generator has an optical waveguide structure consisting of an electrooptic crystal.
[claim10]
10. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the beam splitter has a transmissivity and a reflectance of about 50%, alike to both light beams of light frequency f0 and light frequency 2f0.
[claim11]
11. A quantum entanglement generating system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the ring interferometer is formed on a plane.
[claim12]
12. A quantum entanglement generating method comprising: producing a light beam of light frequency 2f0 from a laser light source;
injecting the light beam from the laser light source into a ring interferometer comprising a beam splitter and a plurality of mirrors, the beam splitter and mirrors forming an optical path in the form of a ring;
splitting the injected light beam at the beam splitter into two light beams traveling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer;
advancing one of the split light beams from an optical parametric amplifier disposed in the optical path of the ring interferometer into a dispersive medium disposed in the optical path of the ring interferometer, to generate a first squeezed light beam of light frequency f0; advancing the other of the split light beams from the dispersive medium into the optical parametric amplifier to generate a second squeezed light beam of light frequency f0; and
setting relative phase between the first and second squeezed light beams at a selected value through the dispersive medium, and
combining the first and second squeezed light beams at the beam splitter, thereby generating quantum entangled beams.
[claim13]
13. A quantum entanglement generating method as set forth in claim 12 wherein the relative phase between the first and second squeezed light rays is set at pi /2.
[claim14]
14. A quantum entanglement generating method as set forth in claim 12 wherein the quantum entangled beams comprises a first quantum entangled beam passing through the beam splitter and a second quantum entangled beam reflecting on the beam splitter.
[claim15]
15. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system comprising: a light source part comprising a pulsed laser light source of light frequency f0 and a second harmonic generator into which the light beam of light frequency f0 is incident to produce a light beam of light frequency 2f0, the light source part emitting a pulsed laser light beam of light frequency f0 and a pulsed laser light beam of light frequency 2f0 on a common axis;
a ring interferometer comprising a beam splitter and a plurality of mirrors, the beam splitter and mirrors forming an optical path in the form of a ring;
an optical parametric amplifier inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer for producing a light beam of light frequency f0 upon receiving a light beam of light frequency 2f0 incident into the optical parametric amplifier;
a dispersive medium inserted in the optical path of the ring interferometer ; and
a homodyne detector,
wherein the light beam of light frequency 2f0 from the laser light source injects into the beam splitter,
the beam splitter splits the light beam of light frequency 2f0 into two light beams travelling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer, the two light beams injected into the optical parametric amplifier to generate a first and a second linearly polarized, squeezed light beam of light frequency f0 traveling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer,
the dispersive medium adjusts the relative phase between the first and second squeezed light beams at a selected value,
the beam splitter combines the first and second squeezed light beams to generate a linearly polarized quantum entangled beam of light frequency f0,
as a signal light beam the linearly polarized quantum entangled beam of light frequency f0, and as a local-oscillator light beam the pulsed laser light beam of light frequency f0 emitted from the light source part and having a polarization orthogonal to the signal light beam, are both incident into the homodyne detector to detect a quadrature amplitude.
[claim16]
16. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15 wherein the quantum entangled beams comprises a first and a second quantum entangled beam and the homodyne detector comprises a first and a second homodyne detector, the first and second quantum entangled beams constituting signal light beams to the first and second homodyne detectors, respectively.
[claim17]
17. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15 wherein the beam splitter has a transmissivity and a reflectance of about 50%, alike to both a horizontally polarized light beam of light frequency f0 and a horizontally polarized light beam of light frequency 2f0, and has a reflectance of about 100% to a vertically polarized light ray of light frequency f0.
[claim18]
18. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15 wherein the homodyne detector comprises: an electrooptic crystal into which the signal light beam and the local-oscillator light beam are incident, a half wave plate for polarizing the light beams incident into the electrooptic crystal, a beam splitter for combining the light beams polarized at the half wave plate to split into a transmitted and a reflected light beam, detectors for sensing the two light beams split into by the beam splitter, respectively, and a means for providing a differential between outputs from the detectors.
[claim19]
19. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15 wherein the homodyne detector comprises a filter into which the signal light beam and the local-oscillator light beam are incident for transmitting the light frequency f0 and light frequency 2f0, a quarter wave plate for varying a phase between the light beams from the filter, a beam splitter for combining the light beams from the quarter wave plate and for splitting into a transmitted and a reflected light beam, detectors for sensing the two light beams split into by the beam splitter, respectively, and a means for providing a differential between outputs from the detectors.
[claim20]
20. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15, further comprising a dispersive medium disposed between the signal and local-oscillator light beams and the homodyne detector wherein the homodyne detector comprises a filter for transmitting a light beam of light frequency f0 and a light beam of light frequency 2f0 out of light beams passing through the dispersive medium, a beam splitter for combining light beams from the filter to split into a transmitted and a reflected light beam, detectors for sensing the two light beams split into by the beam splitter, respectively, and a means for providing a differential between outputs from the detectors.
[claim21]
21. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting system as set forth in claim 15 wherein the ring interferometer is formed on a plane.
[claim22]
22. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting method comprising: producing, on a common optical axis, a light beam of light frequency f0 from a laser light source and a light beam of light frequency 2f0 generated via a second harmonic generator from the laser light source;
injecting the light beam of light frequency 2f0 from the laser light source into a ring interferometer comprising a beam splitter and a plurality of mirrors ,the beam splitter and minors forming an optical path in the form of ring;
splitting the injected light beam at the beam splitter into two light beams traveling mutually contrariwise in direction of advance in the ring interferometer;
advancing one of the split light beams from an optical parametric amplifier disposed in the optical path of the ring interferometer into a dispersive medium disposed in the optical path of the ring interferometer, to generate a first linearly polarized, squeezed light beam of light frequency f0;
advancing the other of the split light beams from the dispersive medium into the optical parametric amplifier to generate a second linearly polarized, squeezed light beam of light frequency f0;
setting relative phase between the first and second squeezed light beams at a selected value through the dispersive medium; and
combining the first and second squeezed light beams at the beam splitter, thereby generating linearly polarized quantum entangled beams of light frequency f0;
deriving from the horizontally polarized quantum entangled beams of light frequency f0, a signal light beam for a homodyne detector;
passing the light beam of light frequency f0 from the laser light source through the ring interferometer via an optical path identical to that for the one light beam split into by the beam splitter, to provide a light beam of a polarization orthogonal to the signal light beam for use as a local-oscillator light beam for the homodyne detector; and
the homodyne detector detecting a quadrature amplitude of the signal light beam.
[claim23]
23. A quantum entanglement generating and detecting method as set forth in claim 22 wherein a filter for blocking the light beam of light frequency 2f0 is inserted on an optical axis, each in front and rear of the optical parametric amplifier to suspend generation of the quantum entangled beams.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • HIRANO TAKUYA
  • ETO YUJIRO
  • GAKUSHUIN SCHOOL
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) (In Japanese)CREST 量子情報処理システムの実現を目指した新技術の創出 領域
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