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Actuator using fluid cylinder and method of controlling the same

Foreign code F110003536
File No. B26-04WO
Posted date Jun 29, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 91011606
Gazette No. 20080271596
Gazette No. 7870817
Date of filing Mar 31, 2006
Gazette Date Nov 6, 2008
Gazette Date Jan 18, 2011
International application number JP2006306968
International publication number WO2006106985
Date of international filing Mar 31, 2006
Date of international publication Oct 12, 2006
Priority data
  • P2005-105110 (Mar 31, 2005) JP
  • 2006WO-JP306968 (Mar 31, 2006) WO
Title Actuator using fluid cylinder and method of controlling the same
Abstract (US7870817)
An actuator using a fluid cylinder in which rigidity may be attained with a simple configuration, includes a fluid cylinder, a first choke valve device, and a second choke valve device.
The first choke valve device is disposed between a fluid pressure source and a first chamber, and the second choke valve device is disposed between the fluid pressure source and a second chamber.
An opening of a valve of a discharge valve mechanism included in each of the choke valve devices is set so as to be in inverse proportion to a target pressure in the chamber in which the fluid pressure is adjusted by the choke valve device.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An actuator using a fluid cylinder including two chambers and discharge valve mechanisms for the chambers, wherein the opening of a valve of the discharge valve mechanism is set to be in inverse proportion to a target pressure in the chamber,
the discharge valve mechanism includes two or more kinds of open/close valves that are connected in parallel to each other and respectively have a discharge path of a different cross-sectional area,
the discharge valve mechanism is configured to select one or more of the open/close valves and to optimally adjust a summation of discharge openings of the selected one or more valves in accordance with the target pressure, and
the discharge path of one of the two or more kinds of open/close valves has the smallest cross-sectional area among the open/close valves, and the discharge paths of the remaining open/close valves respectively have a cross-sectional area calculated by multiplying the smallest cross-sectional area by a power of a base number larger than one.
[claim2]
2. The actuator using a fluid cylinder according to claim 1, wherein the base number larger than one is two.
[claim3]
3. An actuator using a fluid cylinder including two chambers and discharge valve mechanism for the chambers, wherein the opening of a valve of the discharge valve mechanism is set to be in inverse proportion to a target pressure in the chamber,
the discharge valve mechanism includes two or more kinds of open/close valves that are connected in parallel to each other and respectively have a discharge path of a different cross-sectional area, and
the discharge path of one of the open/close valves has the smallest cross-sectional area among the open/close valves, and the discharge paths of the remaining open/close valves respectively have a cross-sectional area calculated by multiplying the smallest cross-sectional area by a power of a base number larger than one.
[claim4]
4. The actuator using a fluid cylinder according to claim 3, wherein the base number larger than one is two.
[claim5]
5. An actuator using a fluid cylinder which includes two chambers and discharge valve mechanisms for the chambers comprising a first choke valve device and a second choke valve device, wherein the fluid cylinder includes a cylinder chamber and a piston slidably disposed in the cylinder chamber so as to partition the cylinder chamber into a first chamber and a second chamber as the two chambers,
the first choke valve device is disposed between a fluid pressure source and the first chamber to adjust a fluid pressure in the first chamber,
the second choke valve device is disposed between the fluid pressure source and the second chamber to adjust a fluid pressure in the second chamber,
the first and the second choke valve devices respectively include:
a remotely-controllable supply valve mechanism which allows a fluid to flow in an incoming direction from the fluid pressure source to the corresponding chamber,
a remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism which allows the fluid to flow in an outgoing direction from the chamber to the atmosphere or a low pressure source, and
a valve mechanism control device which controls opening and closing of the supply valve mechanism and the discharge valve mechanism, and sets the opening of the valve of the remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism,
the remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism is the discharge valve mechanism,
the valve mechanism control device is configured to set the opening of the valve of the discharge valve mechanism so as to be in inverse proportion to the target pressure in the chamber in which the fluid pressure is adjusted by the choke valve device,
the discharge valve mechanism includes two or more kinds of open/close valves that are connected in parallel to each other and respectively have a discharge path of a different cross-sectional area,
the discharge path of one of the open/close valves has the smallest cross-sectional area among the open/close valves, and
the discharge paths of the remaining open/close valves respectively have a cross-sectional area calculated by multiplying the smallest cross-sectional area by a power of a base number larger than one.
[claim6]
6. An actuator using a fluid cylinder which includes two chambers and discharge valve mechanisms for the chambers comprising a first choke valve device, a second choke valve device, and pressure measurement means for measuring an actual pressure in the chamber, wherein the fluid cylinder includes a cylinder chamber and a piston slidably disposed in the cylinder chamber so as to partition the cylinder chamber into a first chamber and a second chamber as the two chambers,
the first choke valve device is disposed between a fluid pressure source and the first chamber to adjust a fluid pressure in the first chamber,
the second choke valve device is disposed between the fluid pressure source and the second chamber to adjust a fluid pressure in the second chamber,
the first and the second choke valve devices respectively include: a remotely-controllable supply valve mechanism which allows a fluid to flow in an incoming direction from the fluid pressure source to the corresponding chamber,
a remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism which allows the fluid to flow in an outgoing direction from the chamber to the atmosphere or a low pressure source, and
a valve mechanism control device which controls opening and closing of the supply valve mechanism and the discharge valve mechanism, and sets the opening of the valve of the remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism,
the remotely-controllable discharge valve mechanism is the discharge valve mechanism,
the valve mechanism control device is configured to output a control command to control opening and closing of the supply valve mechanism and the discharge valve mechanism, and to output a valve opening setting command to set the opening of the valve of the discharge valve mechanism,
the valve mechanism control device is also configured to output the valve opening setting command to set the opening of the valve of the discharge valve mechanism so as to be in inverse proportion to the target pressure in the chamber in which the fluid pressure is adjusted by the choke valve device, and to output the control command to open the valve of the discharge valve mechanism when the target pressure is smaller than the actual pressure, and to output the control command to close the valve of the discharge valve mechanism when the target pressure reaches the actual pressure, and
the discharge valve mechanism includes: two or more kinds of open/close valves connected in parallel to each other, one of the open/close valves having a discharge path of the smallest cross-sectional area among the open/close valves, the remaining open/close valves respectively having a different cross-sectional area calculated by multiplying the smallest cross-sectional area by a power of a base number larger than one; and
valve selection control means for selecting a combination of the open/close valves from among the two or more open/close valves in accordance with the valve opening setting command at the time of discharging so that a summation of the cross-sectional areas of the discharge paths of the selected valves may be the closest to a target cross-sectional area, and controlling the selected open/close valves when the control command is inputted.
[claim7]
7. The actuator using a fluid cylinder according to claim 6, wherein the base number larger than one is two.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • KAWABUCHI ICHIRO
  • HOSHINO KIYOSHI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) SORST Selected in Fiscal 2001
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