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Technique for the growth and fabrication of semipolar (Ga,A1,In,B)N thin films, heterostructures, and devices 実績あり

外国特許コード F110003774
整理番号 E06722US1
掲載日 2011年7月4日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 44494606
公報番号 20070093073
公報番号 7846757
出願日 平成18年6月1日(2006.6.1)
公報発行日 平成19年4月26日(2007.4.26)
公報発行日 平成22年12月7日(2010.12.7)
優先権データ
  • 2005US-60686244 (2005.6.1) US
発明の名称 (英語) Technique for the growth and fabrication of semipolar (Ga,A1,In,B)N thin films, heterostructures, and devices 実績あり
発明の概要(英語) (US7846757)
A method for growth and fabrication of semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N thin films, heterostructures, and devices, comprising identifying desired material properties for a particular device application, selecting a semipolar growth orientation based on the desired material properties, selecting a suitable substrate for growth of the selected semipolar growth orientation, growing a planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N template or nucleation layer on the substrate, and growing the semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N thin films, heterostructures or devices on the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N template or nucleation layer.
The method results in a large area of the semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N thin films, heterostructures, and devices being parallel to the substrate surface.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A method for growth and fabrication of semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N film, comprising: (a) selecting a semipolar growth orientation;
(b) selecting a gallium nitride (GaN) substrate compatible with growth of the selected semipolar growth orientation; and
(c) growing one or more planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers on a planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), wherein the planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate has the selected semipolar growth orientation, and an area and quality of the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers parallel to the surface of the GaN substrate are sufficient to fabricate a semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N device.
[claim2]
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the GaN substrate comprises a semipolar gallium nitride wafer.
[claim3]
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate is grown on a foreign material.
[claim4]
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers form a heterostructure.
[claim5]
5. The method of claim 1, further comprising processing the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N film layers into a device.
[claim6]
6. A device fabricated using the method of claim 1.
[claim7]
7. The method of claim 1, wherein the area is at least 300 mu m * 300 mu m.
[claim8]
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the area and the quality of the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers parallel to the surface of the GaN substrate are sufficient to fabricate the semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N device using lithographic methods.
[claim9]
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers emit light with a reduced blue-shift in an emission peak with increasing drive current, as compared to a blue shift in c-plane layers operating in a similar wavelength range and similar drive current range.
[claim10]
10. The method of claim 1, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers emit light with a reduced decrease in the external quantum efficiency (EQE) with increasing drive current, as compared to a decrease in an EQE in c-plane layers operating in a similar wavelength range and similar drive current range.
[claim11]
11. The method of claim 1, further comprising selecting the semipolar growth orientation from a plurality of available semipolar orientations having a planar surface.
[claim12]
12. A semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N film, comprising: (a) a semipolar growth orientation;
(b) a gallium nitride (GaN) substrate compatible with growth of the selected semipolar growth orientation; and
(c) one or more planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers on a planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate, wherein the planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate has the selected semipolar growth orientation, and an area and quality of the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers parallel to the surface of the GaN substrate are sufficient to fabricate a semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N device.
[claim13]
13. The film of claim 12, wherein the GaN substrate comprises a semipolar nitride wafer.
[claim14]
14. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar surface of the GaN substrate is grown on a foreign material.
[claim15]
15. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers form a heterostructure.
[claim16]
16. The film of claim 12, further comprising processing the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers into a device.
[claim17]
17. The film of claim 12, wherein the area is at least 300 mu m * 300 mu m.
[claim18]
18. The film of claim 12, wherein the area and the quality of the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers parallel to the surface of the GaN substrate is sufficient to fabricate the semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N devices by standard lithographic methods.
[claim19]
19. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers emit light with a reduced blue-shift in an emission peak with increasing drive current, as compared to a blue shift in c-plane layers operating in a similar wavelength range and similar drive current range.
[claim20]
20. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers emit light with a reduced decrease in the external quantum efficiency (EQE) with increasing drive current, as compared to a decrease in an EQE in c-plane layers operating in a similar wavelength range and similar drive current range.
[claim21]
21. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers include one or more device layers and the semipolar orientation optimizes the device layers' piezoelectric polarization or effective hole mass, as compared to the device layers' piezoelectric polarization or effective hole mass on a different semipolar orientation.
[claim22]
22. The film of claim 12, wherein the semipolar growth orientation is different from a (10-11) or a (10-10) orientation.
[claim23]
23. The film of claim 12, wherein the planar semipolar (Ga,Al,In,B)N layers include one or more device layers and the semipolar orientation is such that at least one of the device layers emits blue light with an external quantum efficiency of at least 0.34% and an output power of at least 190 microwatts, or emits green light with an external quantum efficiency of at least 0.04% and an output power of at least 20 microwatts.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • FARRELL JR ROBERT M
  • BAKER TROY J
  • CHAKRABORTY ARPAN
  • HASKELL BENJAMIN A
  • PATTISON P MORGAN
  • SHARMA RAJAT
  • MISHRA UMESH KUMAR
  • DENBAARS STEVEN P
  • SPECK JAMES S
  • NAKAMURA SHUJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) ERATO NAKAMURA Inhomogeneous Crystal AREA
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