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Process for producing fullerene derivative

外国特許コード F110003821
整理番号 E07906WO
掲載日 2011年7月5日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 51478207
公報番号 20100048934
公報番号 8134019
出願日 平成19年11月6日(2007.11.6)
公報発行日 平成22年2月25日(2010.2.25)
公報発行日 平成24年3月13日(2012.3.13)
国際出願番号 JP2007071868
国際公開番号 WO2008059771
国際出願日 平成19年11月6日(2007.11.6)
国際公開日 平成20年5月22日(2008.5.22)
優先権データ
  • 特願2006-308357 (2006.11.14) JP
  • 2007WO-JP71868 (2007.11.6) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Process for producing fullerene derivative
発明の概要(英語) (US8134019)
The present invention provides a method for producing a fullerene derivative, comprising the organic group addition step B in which an organic group is further added by reacting at least a basic compound and a halogen compound with a fullerene derivative, which is obtained by addition of a hydrogen atom and an organic group in the organic group addition step A, in which an organic group is added by reacting at least a Grignard reagent and a polar substance with a fullerene or fullerene derivative.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A method for producing a fullerene derivative which is a mono(organo)fullerene derivative, a di(organo)fullerene derivative, a tri(organo)fullerene derivative or a tetra(organo)fullerene derivative comprising the organic group addition step A for adding an organic group by reacting at least a Grignard reagent and a polar substance with a fullerene or fullerene derivative, in which the polar substance having the donor number of 25 to 33.1 is used in an amount of 3 to 100 equivalents of the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added; wherein the polar substance is not pyridine.
[claim2]
2. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, in which the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added in the organic group addition step A is a fullerene or fullerene derivative represented by the following formula (1):

wherein: organic groups have been each independently added to 0 to 4 carbons among 5 carbons positioned at A to E; and a hydrogen atom or C1-C30 hydrocarbon group has been added to a carbon positioned at F, or nothing has been added thereto.
[claim3]
3. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 2, wherein in the organic group addition step A, the organic group is added to at least one of the carbons positioned at A to E in the fullerene or fullerene derivative represented by formula (1) to which the organic group has not been added.
[claim4]
4. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the organic group for addition in the organic group addition step A is one or more substances selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group ( -- SY1: in the formula, Y1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group ( -- SY2: in the formula, Y2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y3: in the formula, Y3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y4: in the formula, Y4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group).
[claim5]
5. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the organic group for addition in the organic group addition step A is a group represented by the following formula (2):

wherein R21 to R23 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group ( -- SY1: in the formula, Y1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group ( -- SY2: in the formula, Y2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y3: in the formula, Y3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y4: in the formula, Y4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group).
[claim6]
6. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 5, wherein R21 to R23 are each independently a C1-C20 alkyl group.
[claim7]
7. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the Grignard reagent is represented by the following formula (3):
R3MgX (3)
wherein: R3 represents an organic group; and X represents Cl, Br or I.
[claim8]
8. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 7, wherein R3 in formula (3) is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group ( -- SY1: in the formula, Y1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group ( -- SY2: in the formula, Y2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y3: in the formula, Y3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y4: in the formula, Y4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group).
[claim9]
9. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 8, wherein R3 is a C1-C20 alkyl group.
[claim10]
10. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the Grignard reagent is used in an amount of 1 to 20 equivalents of the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added in the organic group addition step A.
[claim11]
11. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the donor number of the polar substance is 26.6 to 33.1.
[claim12]
12. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the polar substance is N,N-dimethylformamide or dimethyl sulfoxide.
[claim13]
13. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein the fullerene derivative to which the organic group has been added in the organic group addition step A is a fullerene derivative represented by the following formula (1A):

wherein: organic groups have been each independently added to 1 to 5 carbons among 5 carbons positioned at A to E.
[claim14]
14. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 13, wherein in formula (1A), the organic groups added to the carbons positioned at A to E are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group ( -- SY1: in the formula, Y1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group ( -- SY2: in the formula, Y2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y3: in the formula, Y3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y4: in the formula, Y4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group).
[claim15]
15. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, which comprises the organic group addition step B for further adding an organic group by reacting at least a basic compound and a halogen compound with the fullerene derivative obtained by addition of a hydrogen atom and an organic group in the organic group addition step A.
[claim16]
16. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B comprises one or more substances selected from the group consisting of a metal hydride, a metal alkoxide, an alkali metal reagent, an alkali metal and an organic alkali.
[claim17]
17. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is alkoxide comprising K or Na.
[claim18]
18. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is t-BuOK or t-BuONa.
[claim19]
19. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the halogen compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is represented by the following formula (4):
R4X (4)
wherein: R4 represents an organic group; and X represents a halogen atom.
[claim20]
20. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 19, wherein in formula (4): R4 is a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group ( -- SY1: in the formula, Y1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group ( -- SY2: in the formula, Y2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y3: in the formula, Y3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group ( -- SO2Y4: in the formula, Y4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C18 aryl group); and X is Cl, Br or I.
[claim21]
21. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, wherein in the organic group addition step A, the organic group is added to one of the carbons in the fullerene or fullerene derivative, to which the organic group has not been added.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • NAKAMURA EIICHI
  • MATSUO YUTAKA
  • IWASHITA AKIHIKO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) ERATO NAKAMURA Functional Carbon Cluster AREA
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