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Optical electric field enhancement element and probe using the same

Foreign code F110003831
File No. I021P002WO
Posted date Jul 6, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 73959608
Gazette No. 20100281587
Gazette No. 8601610
Date of filing Oct 24, 2008
Gazette Date Nov 4, 2010
Gazette Date Dec 3, 2013
International application number JP2008069366
International publication number WO2009054507
Date of international filing Oct 24, 2008
Date of international publication Apr 30, 2009
Priority data
  • P2007-276691 (Oct 24, 2007) JP
  • 2008WO-JP69366 (Oct 24, 2008) WO
Title Optical electric field enhancement element and probe using the same
Abstract (US8601610)
An optical electric field enhancement element includes a nanorod which includes a plurality of conductive layers formed therein in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the nanorod.
Adjacent conductive layers are isolated from each other via an insulating layer.
The nanorod exhibits an effect of enhancing an optical electric field.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A probe for Raman scattering spectroscopy, the probe comprising: a probe body; and
an optical electric field enhancement element comprising a tungsten oxide nanorod which includes a plurality of conductive layers formed therein in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the nanorod,
wherein the conductive layers are comprised of oxygen-deficient planes, and adjacent conductive layers are isolated from each other via an insulating layer,
wherein the composition of the nanorod is WOx, 2.5 <= x <= 3,
wherein the optical electric field enhancement element is treated through local oxidation of the tungsten oxide nanorod by laser irradiation in air,
wherein an active site of enhanced Raman spectroscopy is located at a tip of the nanorod, and
wherein the optical electric field enhancement element exhibits a Raman scattering enhancement effect of 1010 and is thereby capable of detecting single-molecule Raman scattering.
[claim2]
2. The probe of claim 1, wherein the nanorod comprises a rod-shaped tungsten oxide crystal having a diameter of 10 to 100 nm and a length of 100 nm to 30 mu m.
[claim3]
3. The probe of claim 2, wherein the nanorod has a {001} crystallographic shear structure in the crystal, and has a nano-gap structure in which the conductive layers on an atomic layer level are isolated from each other by the insulating layer.
[claim4]
4. The probe of claim 1, wherein the probe is configured to detect molecules in a thin concentration of at most 1 nM in an aqueous solution using the Raman scattering enhancement effect of the tungsten oxide nanorod.
[claim5]
5. The probe of claim 1, wherein the nanorod is configured to detect molecular vibration of single molecules in an aqueous solution using the Raman scattering enhancement effect of the tungsten oxide nanorod.
[claim6]
6. The probe of claim 1, wherein the probe is configured to reduce a local chemical reaction by exciting molecules existing in the vicinity of the tungsten oxide nanorod by light or heat through photoirradiation of the nanorod.
[claim7]
7. A probe for Raman scattering spectroscopy, the probe comprising: a probe body; and
an optical electric field enhancement element comprising a tungsten oxide nanorod which includes a plurality of conductive layers formed therein in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the nanorod,
wherein the conductive layers are comprised of oxygen-deficient planes, and adjacent conductive layers are isolated from each other via an insulating layer,
wherein the composition of the nanorod is WOx, 2.5 <= x <= 3,
wherein the optical electric field enhancement element is treated through local reduction of the tungsten oxide nanorod by heating in the presence of carbon or carbon monoxide,
wherein an active site of enhanced Raman spectroscopy is located at a tip of the nanorod, and
wherein the optical electric field enhancement element exhibits a Raman scattering enhancement effect of 1010 and is thereby capable of detecting single-molecule Raman scattering.
[claim8]
8. The probe of claim 7, wherein the nanorod comprises a rod-shaped tungsten oxide crystal having a diameter of from 10 to 100 nm and a length of from 100 nm to 30 mu m.
[claim9]
9. The probe of claim 8, wherein the nanorod has a {001} crystallographic shear structure in the crystal, and has a nano-gap structure in which the conductive layers on an atomic layer level are isolated from each other by the insulating layer.
[claim10]
10. The probe of claim 7, wherein the probe is configured to detect molecules in a thin concentration of at most 1 nM in an aqueous solution using the Raman scattering enhancement effect of the tungsten oxide nanorod.
[claim11]
11. The probe of claim 7, wherein the nanorod is configured to detect molecular vibration of single molecules in an aqueous solution using the Raman scattering enhancement effect of the tungsten oxide nanorod.
[claim12]
12. The probe of claim 7, wherein the probe is configured to reduce a local chemical reaction by exciting molecules existing in the vicinity of the tungsten oxide nanorod by light or heat through photoirradiation of the nanorod.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SHINGAYA YOSHITAKA
  • NAKAYAMA TOMONOBU
  • AONO MASAKAZU
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G01N021/65D
  • S01N021/65D
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