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Process for producing fullerene derivative

Foreign code F110003956
File No. E07906WO
Posted date Jul 7, 2011
Country EPO
Application number 07831598
Gazette No. 2116521
Gazette No. 2116521
Date of filing Nov 6, 2007
Gazette Date Nov 11, 2009
Gazette Date Jul 6, 2016
International application number JP2007071868
International publication number WO2008059771
Date of international filing Nov 6, 2007
Date of international publication May 22, 2008
Priority data
  • 2007JP071868 (Nov 6, 2007) WO
  • P2006-308357 (Nov 14, 2006) JP
Title Process for producing fullerene derivative
Abstract The present invention provides a method for producing a fullerene derivative, comprising the organic group addition step B in which an organic group is further added by reacting at least a basic compound and a halogen compound with a fullerene derivative, which is obtained by addition of a hydrogen atom and an organic group in the organic group addition step A, in which an organic group is added by reacting at least a Grignard reagent and a polar substance with a fullerene or fullerene derivative.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A method for producing a fullerene derivative which is a mono(organo)fullerene derivative, a di(organo)fullerene derivative, a tri(organo)fullerene derivative or a tetra(organo)fullerene derivative comprising the organic group addition step A for adding an organic group by reacting at least a Grignard reagent and a polar substance with a fullerene or fullerene derivative, in which the polar substance having the donor number of 25 or more is used in an amount of 3 to 60 equivalents of the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added.
[claim2]
2. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 1, in which the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added in the organic group addition step A is a fullerene or fullerene derivative represented by the following formula (1): (see diagramm) wherein: organic groups have been each independently added to 0 to 4 carbons among 5 carbons positioned at A to E; and a hydrogen atom or C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group has been added to a carbon positioned at F, or nothing has been added thereto.
[claim3]
3. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 2, wherein in the organic group addition step A, the organic group is added to at least one of the carbons positioned at A to E in the fullerene or fullerene derivative represented by formula (1) to which the organic group has not been added.
[claim4]
4. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the organic group for addition in the organic group addition step A is one or more substances selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group (-SY **1: in the formula, Y **1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group (-SY **2: in the formula, Y **2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **3: in the formula, Y **3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), and a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **4: in the formula, Y **4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group).
[claim5]
5. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the organic group for addition in the organic group addition step A is a group represented by the following formula (2): (see diagramm) wherein R **21 to R **23 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group (-SY **1: in the formula, Y **1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group (-SY **2: in the formula, Y **2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **3: in the formula, Y **3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **4: in the formula, Y **4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group).
[claim6]
6. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 5, wherein k **21 to R **23 are each independently a C 1 - C 20 alkyl group.
[claim7]
7. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the Grignard reagent is represented by the following formula (3):

R **3MgX (3)

wherein: R **3 represents an organic group; and X represents Cl, Br or I.
[claim8]
8. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 7, wherein R **3 in formula (3) is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group (-SY **1: in the formula, Y **1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group (-SY **2: in the formula, Y **2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **3: in the formula, Y **3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **4: in the formula, Y **4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group).
[claim9]
9. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 8, wherein R **3 is a C 1 - C 20 alkyl group.
[claim10]
10. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the Grignard reagent is used in an amount of 1 to 20 equivalents of the fullerene or fullerene derivative to which the organic group is added in the organic group addition step A.
[claim11]
11. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the donor number of the polar substance is 26.6 to 33.1 at an additive amount of 30 equivalents.
[claim12]
12. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the polar substance is N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide or pyridine.
[claim13]
13. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 3, wherein the fullerene derivative to which the organic group has been added in the organic group addition step A is a fullerene derivative represented by the following formula (1A): (see diagramm) wherein: organic groups have been each independently added to 1 to 5 carbons among 5 carbons positioned at A to E.
[claim14]
14. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 13, wherein in formula (1A), the organic groups added to the carbons positioned at A to E are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group (-SY **1: in the formula, Y **1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group (-SY **2: in the formula, Y **2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **3: in the formula, Y **3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **4: in the formula, Y **4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group).
[claim15]
15. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 1 to 14, which comprises the organic group addition step B for further adding an organic group by reacting at least a basic compound and a halogen compound with the fullerene derivative obtained by addition of a hydrogen atom and an organic group in the organic group addition step A.
[claim16]
16. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B comprises one or more substances selected from the group consisting of a metal hydride, a metal alkoxide, an alkali metal reagent, an alkali metal and an organic alkali.
[claim17]
17. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is alkoxide comprising K or Na.
[claim18]
18. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 15, wherein the basic compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is t-BuOK or t-BuONa.
[claim19]
19. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to any one of claims 15 to 18, wherein the halogen compound to be used in the organic group addition step B is represented by the following formula (4):

R **4X (4)

wherein: R **4 represents an organic group; and X represents a halogen atom.
[claim20]
20. The method for producing a fullerene derivative according to claim 19, wherein in formula (4): R **4 is a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group (-SY **1: in the formula, Y **1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group (-SY **2: in the formula, Y **2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group), a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **3: in the formula, Y **3 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 1 - C 20 alkyl group), or a substituted or unsubstituted arylsulfonyl group (-SO 2Y **4: in the formula, Y **4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C 6 - C 18 aryl group); and X is Cl, Br or I.
  • Applicant
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • Inventor
  • NAKAMURA EIICHI
  • MATSUO YUTAKA
  • IWASHITA AKIHIKO
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) ERATO NAKAMURA Functional Carbon Cluster AREA
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