Filter
Foreign code  F110004829 

File No.  A22114WO 
Posted date  Jul 22, 2011 
Country  United States of America 
Application number  99723309 
Gazette No.  20110153704 
Gazette No.  8949303 
Date of filing  Jun 1, 2009 
Gazette Date  Jun 23, 2011 
Gazette Date  Feb 3, 2015 
International application number  JP2009059953 
International publication number  WO2009150949 
Date of international filing  Jun 1, 2009 
Date of international publication  Dec 17, 2009 
Priority data 

Title  Filter 
Abstract 
(US8949303) Provided is an FIR filter capable of obtaining predetermined characteristics with a small number of input taps, delay circuits, and multipliers and achieving an improved response and low cost. In a lowpass filter, a bandpass filter, and a highpass filter based on an FIR filter, a basic filter is configured that gives a basic impulse response function and has a filter coefficient determined from the impulse response function. Filters having different frequency characteristics are configured by changing the time scale or frequency scale of the basic filter. These filters having different frequency characteristics are combined in a cascade form or a step form, thereby constructing an FIR filter having a small number of taps. 
Scope of claims 
[claim1] 1. A filter for providing desired characteristics, the filter comprising a combination of a plurality of scaled filters, where said scaled filters are formed by scaling at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain, wherein said at least one basic filter comprises at least one of a basic lowpass filter and a basic highpass filter, wherein said at least one basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein said at least one basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function; wherein said combination of the plurality of scaled filters is selected such that a passband width of said combination is larger than or equal to a predetermined range; and wherein the combination of the plurality of scaled filters is configured to form a passband filter and a stopband filter, wherein said formed pastband filter has passband characteristics satisfying predetermined required characteristics and wherein said formed stopband filter has stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics. [claim2] 2. A filter according to claim 1, wherein said basic filter is configured to sequentially add received signals delayed by multiplying a discrete input in a finite interval by a coefficient a number of delay elements in the basic filter is increased or decreased to form said passband filter and said stopband filter; and wherein the scaled filter(s) are connected in cascade in the order in which filter bandwidth changes in stages and to output signals. [claim3] 3. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic lowpass filter and the basic highpass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by connecting the selected scaled filters in cascade, a passband filter is formed such that the passband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics and a stopband filter is formed such that the stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics. [claim4] 4. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic lowpass filter and the basic highpass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by the selected scaled filters, a passband characteristics filter is provided, by selecting a scaled lowpass filter that satisfies required characteristics, and connecting the scaled highpass filters in cascade to the selected scaled lowpass filter. [claim5] 5. A filter according to claim 1, wherein scaled filters formed by scaling the basic lowpass filter and the basic highpass filter in frequency are selected such that the passband width is equal to a predetermined required width or larger, and, by the selected scaled filters, a passband characteristics filter is provided, by selecting a scaled highpass filter that satisfies required characteristics, and connecting the scaled lowpass filters in cascade to the selected scaled highpass filter. [claim6] 6. A filter according to claim 1, wherein at a maximum degree of scaling of said at least one basic filter that satisfies a predetermined passband width, the maximum scaling value P, which is the number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is the minimum value of p that satisfies the following expression: (Equation image 26 not included in text) where f3 is a frequency (given by design specifications) that crosses a 3 dB line, f3(0) is a (predetermined) 3 dB point of the basic low pass filter L[p] o, and f3(p) is a 3 dB point of a low pass filter Lp formed by scaling the basic low pass filter. [claim7] 7. A filter according to claim 4, wherein a correction filter whose required characteristics are equal to stopband characteristics is formed by the scaled filters, and wherein the correction filter is connected to the passband characteristics filter in cascade. [claim8] 8. A filter according to claim 5, wherein a correction filter whose required characteristics are equal to stopband characteristics is formed by the scaled filters, and wherein the correction filter is connected to the passband characteristics filter in cascade. [claim9] 9. An FIR filter for providing desired characteristics, the filter comprising a combination of a plurality of scaled filters, wherein said scaled fillers are formed by scaling basic filters in the time domain or the frequency domain based on provided input design characteristics for filter configuration; wherein said provided input design characteristics comprise a center frequency, a cutoff frequency, a stopband frequency, a maximum attenuation degree in a stopband, and a sampling frequency, wherein one of said basic filters comprises a basic lowpass filter and wherein another of said basic filters comprises a basic highpass filter; wherein each basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein each basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function; and wherein said scaled filters are formed by scaling on the basis of a scaling factor of the highest degree; wherein said scaling factor of the highest degree is determined from a passband frequency width; said passband frequency being determined by the cutoff frequency and the center frequency; wherein scaled filters formed by scaling on the basis of a scaling factor of a degree lower than the the highest degree are sequentially selected; wherein said scaled filters are selected to keep an attenuation degree at the stopband frequency of the FIR filter lower than or equal to the maximum attenuation degree; the FIR filter is configured by a sequential cascade connection of the selected scaled filters; and wherein a filter gain at a frequency determined by the ratio of the sampling frequency and (scaling factor +1) is obtained as the maximum stopband attenuation degree. [claim10] 10. A filter according to claim 9, wherein the filter coefficient is quantized, wherein the passband frequency width, an attenuation degree at the cutoff frequency, and the stopband attenuation degree are recalculated by the quantized coefficient, and wherein an increased or decreased number of scaled filters are combined to keep an error of each of the above values caused by quantization within a permissible range. [claim11] 11. A filter according to claim 9, wherein a scaling factor of highest degree, which is a number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is determined from the ratio between the passband frequency width of the basic filter(s) and the passband frequency width of a filter to be formed by scaling the basic filters. [claim12] 12. A filter according to claim 9, further comprising a filter which is identical to a selected scaled filter is connected in cascade therewith if a filter gain at the stopband frequency of the filter decreases when the selected scaled filter is so connected. [claim13] 13. A filter according to claim 9, wherein at a maximum degree of scaling of said at least one basic filter that satisfies a predetermined passband width, the maximum scaling value P, which is the number of delay elements inserted into the scaled filters, is the minimum value of p that satisfies the following expression: (Equation image 27 not included in text) where f3 is a frequency (given by design specifications) that crosses a 3 dB line, f3(0) is a (predetermined) 3 dB point of the basic low pass filter L[p] o, and f3(p) is a 3 dB point of a low pass filter Lp formed by scaling the basic low pass filter. [claim14] 14. A method of configuring a filter for providing desired characteristics, the method comprising providing at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain, wherein said at least one basic filter comprises at least one of a basic lowpass filter and a basic highpass filter, wherein said at least one basic filter has an impulse response function expressed by a finite piecewise polynomial and wherein said at least one basic filter has a filter coefficient which is derived from a sample point of said impulse response function; scaling said at least one basic filter in the time domain or the frequency domain to form a plurality of scaled filters; [and] selecting a combination of said scaled filters such that a passband width of said combination is larger than or equal to a predetermined range; and further comprising configuring a combination of the scaled filters to form a passband filter and a stopband filter, wherein said formed pastband filter has passband characteristics satisfying predetermined required characteristics and wherein said formed stopband filter has stopband characteristics satisfy predetermined required characteristics. 


IPC(International Patent Classification) 

Reference ( R and D project )  CREST New HighPerformance Information Processing Technology Supporting InformationOriented Society  Aiming at the Creation of New HighSpeed, LargeCapacity Computing Technology Based on Quantum Effects, Molecular Functions, Parallel Processing, etc. AREA 
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