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Electronic device having controllable conductance

Foreign code F110005047
File No. A041-33US
Posted date Aug 18, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 36347903
Gazette No. 20040089882
Gazette No. 6891186
Date of filing Aug 30, 2001
Gazette Date May 13, 2004
Gazette Date May 10, 2005
International application number JP2001007514
International publication number WO2002021598
Date of international filing Aug 30, 2001
Date of international publication Mar 14, 2002
Priority data
  • P2000-265344 (Sep 1, 2000) JP
  • 2001WO-JP07514 (Aug 30, 2001) WO
Title Electronic device having controllable conductance
Abstract (US6891186)
This invention provides a method for constructing bridge including fine wires or point contacts producing a quanitized inter-electrode conductance, and provides a method for easily controlling the conductance of this bridge.
Further, it aims to provide an electronic element using conductance control due to the bridge, fine wire or point contact formed between the electrodes.
These objects are accomplied with an electronic element comprising a first electrode comprising a mixed electroconducting material having ion conductance and electron conductance, and a second electrode comprising an electroconducting substance, wherein the inter-electric conductance can be controlled.
In another aspect, this invention is an electronic element formed by a bridge between electrodes, by applying a voltage between the electrodes so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode and movable ions migrate from the first electrode to the second electrode.
In a third aspect, this invention is a method of controlling inter-electrode conductance comprising at least one of applying a voltage between the electrodes of the above electronic element so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode so that a bridge is formed between the electrodes due to the migration of movable ions from the first electrode to the second electrode, and reversing the inter-electrode polarity so that the bridge is thinned or disconnected.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An electronic element comprising a first electrode comprising a mixed electroconducting material having ion conductance and electron conductance, and a second electrode comprising an electroconducting substance, in which the conductance between the electrodes can be controlled.
[claim2]
2. The electronic element according to claim 1, wherein the distance between said electrodes is 100 nanometers or less.
[claim3]
3. The electronic element according to claim 2, wherein said mixed electroconducting material is Ag2S, Ag2Se, Cu2S or Cu2Se.
[claim4]
4. The electronic element according to claim 2, wherein the power consumption is 10-5 W or less.
[claim5]
5. The electronic element according to claim 2, which operates at a voltage of 0.5V or less, and a current of 50 microamperes or less.
[claim6]
6. The electronic element according to claim 2, wherein a bridge is formed between said electrodes, by applying a voltage between said electrodes so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode so that movable ions migrate from the first electrode to the second electrode.
[claim7]
7. The electronic element according to claim 2, wherein the conductance between said electrodes is quantized.
[claim8]
8. The electronic element according to claim 7, wherein the conductance (G) is given by: (Equation image 2 not included in text) (where, e is the elementary charge, h is Planck's constant and Ti is the transmission probability of the ith channel contributing to conduction).
[claim9]
9. A method of controlling inter-electrode conductance comprising at least one of the steps of;
a. applying a voltage between the electrodes of an electronic element having a first electrode comprising a mixed electroconducting material having ion conductance and electron conductance, and a second electrode comprising an electroconducting substance, in which the conductance between the electrodes can be controlled, said voltage being applied so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode so that a bridge is formed between the electrodes due to the migration of movable ions from the first electrode to the second electrode, and b. reversing the inter-electrode polarity so that the bridge is thinned or disconnected.
[claim10]
10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the conductance between said electrodes is quantized.
[claim11]
11. The method according to claim 10, wherein the conductance is given by: (Equation image 3 not included in text) (where, e is the elementary charge, h is Planck's constant and Ti is the transmission probability of the ith channel contributing to conduction).
[claim12]
12. The method according to claim 9, wherein the conductance is controlled by applying a pulse voltage between the electrodes.
[claim13]
13. The method according to claim 11, wherein the conductance is controlled by applying a pulse voltage between the electrodes.
[claim14]
14. The electronic element according to claim 3, wherein the power consumption is 10-5 W or less.
[claim15]
15. The electronic element according to claim 3, which operates at a voltage of 0.5V or less, and a current of 50 microamperes or less.
[claim16]
16. The electronic element according to claim 3, wherein a bridge is formed between said electrodes, by applying a voltage between said electrodes so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode so that movable ions migrate from the first electrode to the second electrode.
[claim17]
17. The electronic element according to claim 3, wherein the conductance between said electrodes is quantized.
[claim18]
18. The electronic element according to claim 14, which operates at a voltage of 0.5V or less, and a current of 50 microamperes or less.
[claim19]
19. The electronic element according to claim 18, wherein a bridge is formed between said electrodes, by applying a voltage between said electrodes so that the second electrode is negative with respect to the first electrode so that movable ions migrate from the first electrode to the second electrode.
[claim20]
20. The electronic element according to claim 19, wherein the conductance between said electrodes is quantized.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • AONO MASAKAZU
  • TERABE KAZUYA
  • HASEGAWA TSUYOSHI
  • NAKAYAMA TOMONOBU
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • RIKEN
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Quantum Effects and Related Physical Phenomena AREA
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