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Intermetallic compound superconductors and alloy superconductors, and method for their preparation achieved

Foreign code F110005110
File No. A061-16US
Posted date Aug 23, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 22027202
Gazette No. 20030017949
Gazette No. 6956011
Date of filing Jul 24, 2001
Gazette Date Jan 23, 2003
Gazette Date Oct 18, 2005
International application number JP2001006383
International publication number WO2002055435
Date of international filing Jul 24, 2001
Date of international publication Jul 18, 2002
Priority data
  • P2001-001948 (Jan 9, 2001) JP
  • 2001WO-JP06383 (Jul 24, 2001) WO
Title Intermetallic compound superconductors and alloy superconductors, and method for their preparation achieved
Abstract (US6956011)
There are provided an intermetallic compound superconductor that is high in superconducting transition temperature, and an alloy superconductor that is high in superconducting transition temperature and excels in malleability and ductility, as well as a method of making such a superconductor with good reproducibility and at a low cost of manufacture.
This entirely new intermetallic compound superconductor is made of magnesium (Mg) and boron (B) and has a chemical composition expressed by formula: Mg1B2, has a hexagonal AlB2 type crystallographic structure and has a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of 39 K.
An alloy containing this intermetallic compound excels in malleability and ductility and constitutes the alloy superconductor having a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of 39 K.
In the method of manufacture, a Mg containing feedstock powder and a B containing feedstock powder are mixed together to form a mixture thereof which is, e.g., hot pressed to produce a semiconductor product.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A method of conducting electrical current, comprising the steps of: providing an intermetallic compound superconductor of a composition expressed by chemical composition formula: Mg1B2 and having a hexagonal AlB2 type crystallographic structure in which a Mg layer and a B layer lie alternately;
and bringing said compound superconductor to a temperature of 39 K or lower, and passing electrical current through said compound superconductor.
[claim2]
2. A method of conducting electrical current, comprising the steps of: forming an intermetallic compound superconductor by the steps of: mixing a Mg containing feedstock powder and a B containing feedstock powder together to form a mixture powder thereof so that the mixture powder contains Mg and B at a compositional ratio of Mg/B=1/2, shaping said mixture powder into the form of a pellet, and heating said pellet in an inert gas to form the intermetallic compound superconductor;
bringing said intermetallic compound superconductor to a temperature of 39 K or lower;
and passing electrical current through said intermetallic compound superconductor.
[claim3]
3. A method of conducting electrical current as set forth in claim 2, wherein said heating step is conducted at a temperature of 700 to 2000 deg. C. for a period of several seconds or more.
[claim4]
4. A method of conducting electrical current, comprising the steps of: forming an intermetallic compound superconductor by the steps of: mixing a Mg containing feedstock powder and a B containing feedstock powder together to form a mixture powder thereof so that the mixture powder contains Mg and B at a compositional ratio of Mg/B=1/2, shaping said mixture powder into the form of a pellet, and heating said pellet in a vacuum to form the intermetallic compound superconductor;
bringing said intermetallic compound superconductor to a temperature of 39 K or lower;
and passing electrical current through said intermetallic compound superconductor.
[claim5]
5. A method of conducting electrical current as set forth in claim 4, wherein said heating step is conducted under a pressure of 2 * 10-2 Pa or less at a temperature of 650 to 1100 deg. C. for a period of several minutes or more.
[claim6]
6. A method of conducting electrical current, comprising the steps of: forming an intermetallic compound superconductor by the steps of: mixing a Mg containing feedstock powder and a B containing feedstock powder together to form a mixture powder thereof so that the mixture powder contains Mg and B at a compositional ratio of Mg/B=1/2, shaping said mixture powder into the form of a pellet, and heating said pellet in a pressurized inert gas to form the intermetallic compound superconductor;
bringing said intermetallic compound superconductor to a temperature of 39 K or lower;
and passing electrical current through said intermetallic compound superconductor.
[claim7]
7. A method of conducting electrical current as set forth in claim 6, wherein said heating step is conducted under a pressure of 1 to 200 MPa at a temperature of 600 to 1100 deg. C. for a period of several minutes or more.
[claim8]
8. A method of conducting electrical current, comprising the steps of: forming an intermetallic compound superconductor by the steps of: mixing a Mg containing feedstock powder and a B containing feedstock powder together to form a mixture powder thereof so that the mixture powder contains Mg and B at a compositional ratio of Mg/B=1/2, shaping said mixture powder into the form of a pellet, and pressing and heating said pellet to form the intermetallic compound superconductor;
bringing said intermetallic compound superconductor to a temperature of 39 K or lower, and passing electrical current through said intermetallic compound superconductor.
[claim9]
9. A method of conducting electrical current as set forth in claim 8, wherein said pressing and heating step is conducted under a pressure of 0.1 to 6 GPa at a temperature of 700 to 1400 deg. C. for a period of several minutes or more.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • AKIMITSU JUN
  • ZENITANI YUJI
  • MURANAKA TAKAHIRO
  • NAKAGAWA NORIMASA
  • NAGAMATSU JUN
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Phenomena of Extreme Conditions AREA
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