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Complex mixed conductor and its preparing method

Foreign code F110005200
File No. A151-02US
Posted date Aug 25, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 51034303
Gazette No. 20050142053
Gazette No. 7223358
Date of filing Apr 8, 2003
Gazette Date Jun 30, 2005
Gazette Date May 29, 2007
International application number JP2003004435
International publication number WO2003084894
Date of international filing Apr 8, 2003
Date of international publication Oct 16, 2003
Priority data
  • P2002-108504 (Apr 10, 2002) JP
  • 2003WO-JP04435 (Apr 8, 2003) WO
Title Complex mixed conductor and its preparing method
Abstract (US7223358)
It is a composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor, in which an oxygen ion conductive phase consists of gadolinium-doped cerium oxide (GDC), an electronic conductive phase consists of spinel-type ferrite (CFO), the particle diameters of both phases are 1 mum or less, respectively, both phases are uniformly mixed mutually, and both phases form respective conductive networks.
Both phases have low solid solubility mutually, chemical reactions are not easily caused between both phases, and even if chemical reactions are caused between both phases, different phase to disturb mixed conductivity is not formed.
And it has high oxygen permeability, and does not easily cause aged deterioration.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor, characterized in that its oxygen ion conductive phase consists of gadolinium-doped cerium oxide (composition formula: Ce1-xGdxO2-x/2, where 0<x<0.5), and its electronic conductive phase consists of spinel-type ferrite (composition formula: MFe2O4, where M=Mn, Fe, Co, or Ni).
[claim2]
2. A composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said oxygen ion conductive phase contains a catalyst or catalysts to accelerate conversion of oxygen gas to oxygen ion or oxygen ion to oxygen, or is coated with said catalysts, or contains said catalysts and coated with said catalysts on the surface.
[claim3]
3. A composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor as set forth in claim 2, characterized in that said catalyst is Ru or Ni, or their combination.
[claim4]
4. A composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said oxygen ion conductive phase and said electronic conductive phase, respectively consists of fine grains having diameter of 1 mu m or less, are uniformly mixed with each other, and respectively form conductive networks.
[claim5]
5. A composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that volume composition ratio of said electronic conductive phase to oxygen ion conductive phase is in the range of 5 to 40%.
[claim6]
6. A method of manufacturing a composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor comprising a Gd-doped cerium oxide and a spinel-type ferrite, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: polymerizing by mixing metal salts of metals constituting gadolinium-doped cerium oxide, metal salts of metals constituting spinel-type ferrite, a catalyst or catalysts to accelerate conversion of oxygen gas to oxygen ion and oxygen ion to oxygen, a chelate complex, and a chelate polymerization initiator;
carbonizing said polymerized mixed phase;dissociating carbons of said carbonized mixed phase by oxidation to obtain oxides of said metals;grinding said metal oxides to powders;
and
sintering said powders after isostatic pressing.
[claim7]
7. A method of manufacturing a composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: polymerizing by mixing metal salts of metals constituting gadolinium-doped cerium oxide, metal salts of metals constituting spinel-type ferrite, a chelate complex, and a chelate polymerization initiator;carbonizing said polymerized mixed phase;dissociating carbons of said carbonized mixed phase by oxidation to obtain oxides of said metals;grinding said metal oxides to powders;
and
sintering said powders after isostatic pressing.
[claim8]
8. A method of manufacturing a composite-type mixed oxygen ion and electronic conductor as set forth in claim 6 or 7, characterized in that said metal salts constituting gadolinium-doped cerium oxide are Ce(NO3)3.6H2O and Gd(NO3)3.5H2O, or Ce(NO3)3.6H2O and Gd(OH)3,and said metal salts constituting spinel-type ferrite is one or more salts selected from the group which consists of Fe(NO3)3.9H2O, Co(NO3)2.6H2O,Ni(NO3)2.6H2O, and Mn(NO3)2.6H2O,and said catalyst or catalysts is one or more elements selected from the group which consists of Ru and Ni,and said chelate complex is anhydrous citric acid,and said chelate polymerization initiator is ethylene glycol.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • TAKAMURA HITOSHI
  • OKADA MASUO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Research and Development of System Technologies for Resource Recycling and Minimum Energy Requirement AREA
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