Superconducting compound and method for producing the same
|発明の名称 （英語）||Superconducting compound and method for producing the same|
Disclosed is a superconducting compound which has a structure obtained by partially substituting oxygen ions of a compound, which is represented by the following chemical formula; LnTMOPh [wherein Ln represents at least one element selected from Y and rare earth metal elements (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu), TM represents at least one element selected from transition metal elements (Fe, Ru, Os, Ni, Pd and Pt), and Pn represents at least one element selected from pnictide elements (N, P, As and Sb)] and has a ZrCuSiAs-type crystal structure (space group P4/nmm), with at least one kind of monovalent anion (F-, Cl- or Br-).
The superconducting compound alternatively has a structure obtained by partially substituting Ln ions of the compound with at least one kind of tetravalent metal ion (Ti4+, Zr4+, Hf4+, C4+, Si4+, Ge4+, Sn4+ or Pb4+) or a structure obtained by partially substituting Ln ions of the compound with at least one kind of divalent metal ion (Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ or Ba2+).
The Tc of the superconducting compound is controlled in accordance with the ion substitution amount.
1. A method for producing the superconducting compound, comprising: dehydrating La2O3 by heating in air, thereby obtaining anhydrous La2O3;
mixing La metal, TM metal, and Ph element in a ratio of 1:3:3 to obtain a first mixture, wherein TM is one or more selected from Fe, Ru, Os, Ni, Pd, and Pt; and Ph is one or more pnictide elements selected from N, P, As, and Sb, and sintering the obtained first mixture in a dry inert gas atmosphere, thereby obtaining sintered mixture 1 including LaPh, TM2Ph, and TMPh;
replacing 4-20 mol % of anhydrous La2O3 with mixed powder of LaF3 and La metal in a ratio of 1:1, thereby obtaining mixture 2 including La2O3, LaF3 and La metal; and
mixing the sintered mixture 1 and the mixture 2 such that molar ratio of La and TM becomes 1:1 to obtain a third mixture, and sintering the obtained third mixture at 1100-1250 deg. C. in an inert gas atmosphere, thereby obtaining a compound, which is represented by a chemical formula of LaTMOPh, oxygen ions of which are substituted with 4-20 mol % F- ions, forming a superconducting compound of which superconducting transition temperature is controlled in accordance with an ion substitution amount; wherein the superconducting compound has a maximum superconducting transition temperature of 25K or higher.
2. The method for producing the superconducting compound according to claim 1, wherein the LaTMOPh is polycrystalline LaFeOAs and has a maximum superconducting transition temperature of 26K.
3. The method for producing the superconducting compound according to claim 1, wherein the LaTMOPh is polycrystalline SmFeOAs and has a maximum supercoding transition temperature of 55K.
|参考情報 （研究プロジェクト等）||ERATO/SORST Exploring and developing applications for active functions utilizing nanostructure embedded in transparent oxides AREA|
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