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Microwave transmission line integrated microwave generating element and microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element

Foreign code F110005391
File No. K02016WO
Posted date Sep 5, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 88608306
Gazette No. 20080150643
Gazette No. 7764136
Date of filing Mar 17, 2006
Gazette Date Jun 26, 2008
Gazette Date Jul 27, 2010
International application number JP2006305379
International publication number WO2006101040
Date of international filing Mar 17, 2006
Date of international publication Sep 28, 2006
Priority data
  • P2005-080043 (Mar 18, 2005) JP
  • P2006-069533 (Mar 14, 2006) JP
  • 2006WO-JP305379 (Mar 17, 2006) WO
Title Microwave transmission line integrated microwave generating element and microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element
Abstract (US7764136)
A strip line integrated microwave generating element and a microwave detecting element comprises a signal electrode and a ground electrode.
The element has a magnetic tunnel junction structure which includes a magnetization fixed layer, a MgO tunnel barrier layer, and a magnetization free layer.
The magnetization free layer is 200 nm square or smaller in a cross-sectional area.
The magnetization fixed layer is in contact with either one of the signal electrode and the ground electrode while the magnetization free layer of the element being in contact with the other.
The element is smaller than the electrodes and mounted on a part of the signal electrode or the ground electrode.
A MR ratio of the element is of 100% or more.
A resistance value of the element is from 50&OHgr; to 300&OHgr;.
The resistance of the element is matched with an impedance of the microwave transmission line.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A strip line integrated microwave generating element comprising: (1) a strip line having a signal electrode and a ground electrode, and
(2) the microwave generating element having a magnetic tunnel junction structure which comprises a magnetization fixed layer formed of a ferromagnetic material; a MgO tunnel barrier layer; and a magnetization free layer formed of a ferromagnetic material,
the microwave generating element being smaller than the electrodes and being mounted on a part of the signal electrode or the ground electrode,
the magnetization fixed layer of the microwave generating element being in contact with either one of the signal electrode and the ground electrode while the magnetization free layer of the element being in contact with the other,
MR ratio of the microwave generating element being of 100% or more,
a resistance value of the microwave generating element being from 50OMEGA to 300OMEGA ,
the resistance of the microwave generating element matching with an impedance of the strip line, and
a size of the microwave generating element being such that the magnetization free layer can form a single magnetic domain and being 200 nm square or smaller in cross-sectional area in a layer plan direction.
[claim2]
2. The strip line integrated microwave detecting element according to claim 1, wherein the MgO layer is formed of a polycrystal MgOx(0<x<1) having preferential orientation in the (001) crystal plane.
[claim3]
3. A microwave detecting element having a magnetic tunnel junction structure which comprises: a magnetization fixed layer formed of a ferromagnetic material;
a tunnel barrier layer; and
a magnetization free layer formed of a ferromagnetic material,
wherein a magnetization vector of the magnetization free layer or that of the magnetization fixed layer has a component perpendicular to a plane parallel to the magnetization free layer or the magnetization fixed layer, respectively, so that a detectable frequency of the microwave becomes low.
[claim4]
4. A microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element comprising: (1) a microwave transmission line having a signal electrode and a ground electrode, and
(2) the microwave detecting element having a magnetic tunnel junction structure which comprises a magnetization fixed layer formed of a ferromagnetic material; a tunnel barrier layer; and a magnetization free layer formed of a ferromagnetic material,
wherein the microwave detecting element is smaller than the electrodes and is mounted on a part of the signal electrode or the ground electrode, and
the magnetization fixed layer of the microwave detecting element is in contact with either one of the signal electrode and the ground electrode while the magnetization free layer of the microwave detecting element is in contact with the other.
[claim5]
5. The microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element according to claim 4, wherein the microwave detecting element is smaller than the electrodes so that a ratio of change in impedance of the microwave transmission line after an installation of the microwave detecting element to the impedance before the installation thereof is one-thousandth or less.
[claim6]
6. The microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element according to claim 4, wherein the microwave transmission line is a strip line.
[claim7]
7. The microwave transmission line integrated microwave detecting element according to claim 4, wherein the electrode in contact with the magnetization free layer of the microwave detecting element comprises a nonmagnetic material.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SUZUKI YOSHISHIGE
  • YUASA SHINJI
  • FUKUSHIMA AKIO
  • TULAPURKAR ASHWIN
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) PRESTO Nanostructure and Material Property AREA
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