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Heterodyne laser doppler probe and measurement system using the same

Foreign code F110005508
File No. N021-08WO
Posted date Sep 7, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 81735706
Gazette No. 20090219506
Gazette No. 7719663
Date of filing Mar 2, 2006
Gazette Date Sep 3, 2009
Gazette Date May 18, 2010
International application number JP2006303934
International publication number WO2006093209
Date of international filing Mar 2, 2006
Date of international publication Sep 8, 2006
Priority data
  • P2005-056754 (Mar 2, 2005) JP
  • 2006WO-JP303934 (Mar 2, 2006) WO
Title Heterodyne laser doppler probe and measurement system using the same
Abstract (US7719663)
A heterodyne laser having a first optical path for guiding excitation light and a second optical path for guiding measurement light.
The heterodyne laser includes an optical probe body for optically coupling and structurally combining the first optical path and the second optical path, and includes a reflection mirror, a beam splitter, a focal lens and a ¼ wavelength plate.
The excitation light from the first optical path is introduced through the reflection mirror, the beam splitter and the focal lens into a measurement object.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A heterodyne laser Doppler probe, comprising: (a) a first optical path for guiding excitation light;
(b) a second optical path for guiding measurement light;
(c) an optical probe body for optically coupling and structurally combining the first optical path and the second optical path, and including a reflection mirror, a beam splitter, a focal lens and a 1/4 wavelength plate,
wherein the excitation light from the first optical path is introduced through the reflection mirror, the beam splitter and the focal lens into a measurement object, and
wherein the measurement light from the second optical path passes through the 1/4 wavelength plate to be converted from linearly polarized light into circularly polarized light, then introduced through the beam splitter and the focal lens into the measurement object, reflected off the measurement object through the focal lens and the beam splitter into the 1/4 wavelength plate to be converted from circularly polarized light into linearly polarized light, and then returned through the second optical path to a heterodyne laser Doppler measurement device.
[claim2]
2. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1, wherein the first optical path is a first optical fiber, and the second optical path is a second optical fiber;
the excitation light from the first optical fiber is introduced through a first collimator lens in the optical probe body into the focal lens, after having been emitted from the first optical fiber; and
the measurement light from the second optical fiber is introduced through a second collimator lens in the optical probe body into the focal lens, after having been emitted from the second optical fiber.
[claim3]
3. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the measurement object is a cantilever; and
the speed of the cantilever is measured.
[claim4]
4. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1, further comprising an adjustment mechanism capable of displacing the beam splitter, whereby a focal position of the excitation light on the measurement object is adjusted with respect to a focal position of the measurement light on the measurement object.
[claim5]
5. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1, further comprising an adjustment mechanism capable of displacing the reflection mirror, whereby a focal position of the excitation light on the measurement object is adjusted with respect to a focal position of the measurement light on the measurement object.
[claim6]
6. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1, further comprising an adjustment mechanism capable of displacing the beam splitter and the reflection mirror, whereby a focal position of the excitation light on the measurement object is adjusted with respect to a focal position of the measurement light on the measurement object.
[claim7]
7. A measurement system using the heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 1, wherein the measurement light that has been emitted from the second optical path and reflected by the measurement object is reflected by the beam splitter, to thereby introduce the measurement light reflected by the beam splitter into a measurement portion.
[claim8]
8. The measurement system using the heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 7, wherein by mirrors for optical path adjustment arranged in the first and second optical paths, the excitation light and the measurement light are introduced into the optical probe body in a superimposed manner.
[claim9]
9. The measurement system using the heterodyne laser Doppler probe according to claim 7 or 8, wherein a glass barrier is arranged in the first and second optical paths, whereby the optical probe body is allowed to be disposed in a vacuum, a gas, or a liquid, and a light source or an optical path adjustment mechanism is allowed to be disposed in the air.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • KAWAKATSU HIDEKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Nano Factory and Process Monitoring for Advanced Information Processing and Communication AREA
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