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Neutron detector and neutron imaging sensor

Foreign code F110005517
File No. N032-05WO
Posted date Sep 7, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 88589306
Gazette No. 20090072141
Gazette No. 7767965
Date of filing Mar 3, 2006
Gazette Date Mar 19, 2009
Gazette Date Aug 3, 2010
International application number JP2006004137
Date of international filing Mar 3, 2006
Priority data
  • P2005-062794 (Mar 7, 2005) JP
  • 2006WO-JP04137 (Mar 3, 2006) WO
Title Neutron detector and neutron imaging sensor
Abstract (US7767965)
A neutron detector includes a plurality of neutron detecting element sections, each of the neutron detecting element sections having; a superconducting element including a substrate having at least one of surfaces thereof formed of a dielectric material, a strip line of the superconducting material formed on the surface and electrodes formed at opposed ends of the strip line, resistance determining sections for determining generation of heat resulting from a nuclear reaction between a superconducting element in the strip line and neutrons, through detection of change in a resistance value of said strip line, heat dissipation setting sections provided on a back side portion of the substrate opposite to the surface having the strip line formed thereon, the heat dissipation setting sections setting dissipation characteristics of the heat resulting from the nuclear reaction, and the heat dissipation characteristics being differentiated from each other between/among the neutron detecting element sections.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A neutron detector comprising: a plurality of neutron detecting element sections, each said neutron detecting element section having;
a superconducting element including a substrate having at least one of surfaces thereof formed of a dielectric material, a strip line of the superconducting material formed on said surface and electrodes formed at opposed ends of said strip line,
resistance determining sections adapted for determining generation of heat resulting from a nuclear reaction between a superconducting element in the strip line and neutrons, through detection of change in a resistance value of said strip line,
a heat dissipation setting section provided on a back side portion of said substrate opposite to said surface having said strip line formed thereon, said heat dissipation setting section adapted for setting dissipation characteristics of said heat resulting from the nuclear reaction, and
the heat dissipation characteristics being differentiated from each other between/among the neutron detecting element sections.
[claim2]
2. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of neutron detecting element sections are provided on a same single substrate.
[claim3]
3. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein the detector includes three or more of said neutron detecting element sections, with the heat dissipation characteristics being differentiated among them in three or more levels.
[claim4]
4. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein variable setting of thickness of the back side portion of said substrate constitutes said heat dissipation setting section.
[claim5]
5. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein the thicknesses of the back side portions of said substrate are differentiated from each other between/among the neutron detecting element sections.
[claim6]
6. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein said resistance determining sections are configured to determine the resistance value of each individual one of the plurality of neutron detecting element sections.
[claim7]
7. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein some of the plurality of neutron detecting element sections are resolution priority type neutron detecting element sections having enhanced time resolution obtained by improving the heat dissipation characteristics by the heat dissipation setting section, relative to those of the other neutron detecting element sections.
[claim8]
8. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein some of the plurality of neutron detecting element sections are sensitivity priority type neutron detecting element sections having enhanced sensitivity by degrading the heat dissipation characteristics by the heat dissipation setting section, relative to those of the other neutron detecting element sections.
[claim9]
9. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein said superconducting material contains MgB2, so that 10B present in said strip line provides the nuclear reaction with the neutrons.
[claim10]
10. The neutron detector according to claim 1, wherein said strip line is formed as a meandering strip line.
[claim11]
11. A neutron imaging sensor comprising a plurality of said neutron detecting element sections according to claim 1 arranged in the form of an array.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SATOH KAZUO
  • YOTSUYA TSUTOMU
  • ISHIDA TAKEKAZU
  • MIKI SHIGEHITO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Creation and Application of Nano Structural Materials for Advanced Data Processing and Communication AREA
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