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Nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite

Foreign code F110005522
File No. N051-09WO
Posted date Sep 7, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 76758307
Gazette No. 20100029910
Gazette No. 8017729
Date of filing Jun 25, 2007
Gazette Date Feb 4, 2010
Gazette Date Sep 13, 2011
Priority data
  • P2004-374093 (Dec 24, 2004) JP
  • 2005WO-JP23675 (Dec 22, 2005) WO
Title Nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite
Abstract (US8017729)
The present invention makes it possible to efficiently recognize carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns or modifiers thereof and to support functional compounds by fusing the ability of ferritin molecules capable of forming nanoparticles of inorganic metal atoms or inorganic metal compounds.
In addition, because ferritin molecules are capable of forming two-dimensional crystals at the interface, the present invention makes it possible to align carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns with the use of the molecular arrangement ability of ferritin fused with nanographite structure recognition peptides.
A nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite is constructed, wherein a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound is retained in an interior space of a protein in which a nanographite structure recognition peptide is fused or chemically bound to a surface of a cage protein such as ferritin, and wherein a plurality of nanoparticles of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound are supported on a nanographite structure with the use of affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite, comprising: (a) a nanographite structure selected from carbon nanotube and carbon nanohorn;
(b) ferritin containing within its interior space a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound; and
(c) a nanographite structure recognition peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence shown by DYFSSPYYEQLF (SEQ ID NO: 1) and that is fused to an N-terminal site of the ferritin;
wherein a plurality of the nanoparticles is supported on the nanographite structure through the affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure.
[claim2]
2. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the ferritin is higher eukaryote-derived ferritin.
[claim3]
3. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 2, wherein the higher eukaryote-derived ferritin is horse spleen-derived type L ferritin.
[claim4]
4. A nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite, comprising: (a) a nanographite structure selected from carbon nanotube and carbon nanohorn;
(b) ferritin containing within its interior space a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound; and
(c) a nanographite structure recognition peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence shown by YDPFHII (SEQ ID NO: 2) and that is fused to an N-terminal site of the ferritin;
wherein a plurality of the nanoparticles is supported on the nanographite structure through the affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure.
[claim5]
5. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the nanoparticle is a metal nanoparticle.
[claim6]
6. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the nanoparticle is a metal compound nanoparticle.
[claim7]
7. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 6, wherein the metal compound nanoparticle is a metal oxide nanoparticle.
[claim8]
8. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 6, wherein the metal compound nanoparticle is a magnetic material nanoparticle.
[claim9]
9. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the metal is iron, beryllium, gallium, manganese, phosphorus, uranium, lead, cobalt, nickel, zinc, cadmium or chromium.
[claim10]
10. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the nanoparticle is a nanoparticle of iron oxide, a nanoparticle of cadmium selenide, a nanoparticle of zinc selenide, a nanoparticle of zinc sulfide, or a nanoparticle of cadmium sulfide.
[claim11]
11. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the carbon nanotube or the carbon nanohorn is constituted of a carbon structure to which a functional group is added.
[claim12]
12. The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composite according to claim 1, wherein the nanographite structure is two-dimensionally aligned on a substrate.
[claim13]
13. A method for adding and retaining a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound in an interior space of a ferritin in which a nanographite structure recognition peptide consisting of the amino acid sequence shown by DYFSSPYYEQLF (SEQ ID NO: 1) is fused to an N-terminal site of the ferritin; and supporting a plurality of the nanoparticles on a nanographite structure selected from carbon nanotube and a carbon nanohorn with the use of affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure.
[claim14]
14. A method for producing a composite of a nanographite structure selected from carbon nanotube and a carbon nanohorn, and nanoparticles of an inorganic metal compound, comprising the steps of: (i) adding and retaining a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound in an interior space of a ferritin in which a nanographite structure recognition peptide consisting of the amino acid sequence shown by DYFSSPYYEQLF (SEQ ID NO: 1) is fused to an N-terminal site of the ferritin;
(ii) supporting a plurality of nanoparticles of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound on the nanographite structure with the use of affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure; and
(iii) removing the ferritin by a heat treatment.
[claim15]
15. A method for producing a composite of a nanographite structure selected from carbon nanotube and a carbon nanohorn and nanoparticles of an inorganic metal compound, comprising the steps of: (i) adding and retaining a nanoparticle of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound in an interior space of a ferritin in which a nanographite structure recognition peptide consisting of the amino acid sequence shown by DYFSSPYYEQLF (SEQ ID NO: 1) is fused to an N-terminal site of the ferritin;
(ii) supporting a plurality of nanoparticles of an inorganic metal atom or an inorganic metal compound on the nanographite structure with the use of affinity of the nanographite structure recognition peptide to the nanographite structure; and
(iii) removing the ferritin by an electron beam treatment.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SHIBA KIYOTAKA
  • SANO KENICHI
  • IWAHORI KENJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Creation of Novel Nano-material/System Synthesized by Self-organization for Medical Use AREA
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