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Micro plasma jet generator achieved

Foreign code F110005550
File No. N081-12WO
Posted date Sep 7, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 59096904
Gazette No. 20080063576
Gazette No. 8663572
Date of filing Jul 22, 2004
Gazette Date Mar 13, 2008
Gazette Date Mar 4, 2014
International application number JP2004010388
International publication number WO2005091687
Date of international filing Jul 22, 2004
Date of international publication Sep 29, 2005
Priority data
  • P2004-076940 (Mar 17, 2004) JP
  • 2004WO-JP10388 (Jul 22, 2004) WO
Title Micro plasma jet generator achieved
Abstract (US8663572)
The present invention provides a microplasma jet generator capable of stably generating a microplasma jet in a microspace at atmospheric pressure with low electric power.
The microplasma jet generator is driven with a VHF power supply to generate an inductively coupled microplasma jet and includes a substrate, a micro-antenna disposed on the substrate, and a discharge tube located close to the micro-antenna.
The micro-antenna has a flat meandering shape with plural turns.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A microplasma jet generator, driven with a VHF electric current, for generating an inductively coupled microplasma jet, the microplasma jet generator comprising: a substrate,
a micro-antenna disposed on the substrate, the micro-antenna having a flat meandering shape extending continuously from a first end to a second end thereof, and being configured to include: at least two U-shaped portions, each of which is provided with a first curved portion which turns substantially 180 deg. and opens in a first direction, and two substantially straight and parallel sides extending respectively from opposite ends of the first curved portion,
wherein each adjacent pair of the least two U-shaped portions is joined together by a second curved portion which turns substantially 180 deg. and opens in a second direction which is opposite to the first direction of the first curved portion of each of the U-shaped portions, and
a discharge tube located close to the micro-antenna.
[claim2]
2. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein the micro-antenna is located close to a microplasma jet-generating end portion of the substrate, and the discharge tube is formed as a linear-shaped trough cut into a surface of the substrate opposite to a surface of the substrate where the micro-antenna is disposed.
[claim3]
3. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein the micro-antenna includes a plating layer which is made of copper, gold, or platinum or which includes sublayers made of these conductive metals.
[claim4]
4. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 3, wherein the thickness of the plating layer is at least two times greater than the depth (delta ) below the surface of the conductive metal at which the VHF electric current flows, the depth being represented by the following equation:
delta =(2/(omega mu sigma ))1/2
wherein sigma represents the conductivity of the metal, mu represents the magnetic permeability thereof, and omega represents the angular frequency of the high-frequency current.
[claim5]
5. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein the substrate is made of one selected from the group consisting of alumina, sapphire, aluminum nitride, silicon nitride, boron nitride, and silicon carbide.
[claim6]
6. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 5, wherein the substrate is made of alumina, the substrate has first and second flat surfaces parallel to each other,
the micro-antenna is disposed on the first flat surface, and
the discharge tube is formed as a trough in the second flat surface, and
a plate is bonded to the second flat surface of the substrate, thereby sealing the discharge tube.
[claim7]
7. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein the VHF electric current is provided by a high voltage-generating unit.
[claim8]
8. A method for generating a microplasma jet, comprising introducing plasma gas into the microplasma jet generator according to claim 1 at a flow rate of 0.05 to 5slm and applying a VHF wave to the micro-antenna.
[claim9]
9. A chemical microanalysis method comprising using the microplasma jet generator according to claim 1.
[claim10]
10. The chemical microanalysis method according to claim 9, further comprising using micro-capillary electrophoresis.
[claim11]
11. A method for processing or surface treatment, comprising using the microplasma jet generator according to claim 1.
[claim12]
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein the processing or the surface treatment is the cutting of a predetermined portion of a workpiece, etching, film deposition, cleaning, or hydrophilization.
[claim13]
13. The method according to claim 11, further comprising using a unit, located close to a microplasma jet source included in the microplasma jet generator, for introducing reactive gas.
[claim14]
14. The method according to claim 13, wherein the reactive gas is one selected from the group consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, air, carbon fluoride, and sulfur hexafluoride.
[claim15]
15. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein a length of the micro-antenna being 2 to 10 mm, and a thickness of the micro-antenna being 0.5 to 2 mm.
[claim16]
16. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 1, wherein the micro-antenna includes four of the U-shaped portions.
[claim17]
17. A microplasma jet generator, driven with a VHF power supply, for generating an inductively coupled microplasma jet, the microplasma jet generator comprising: a substrate with an upper surface which is substantially flat,
a micro-antenna disposed on a surface of the substrate, the micro-antenna having a flat meandering shape extending continuously from a first end to a second end thereof, and being configured to include:
at least two U-shaped portions, each of which is provided with a first curved portion which turns substantially 180 deg. and opens in a first direction, and two substantially straight and parallel sides extending respectively from opposite ends of the first curved portion,
wherein each adjacent pair of the least two U-shaped portions is joined together by a second curved portion which turns substantially 180 deg. and opens in a second direction which is opposite to the first direction of the first curved portion of each of the U-shaped portions, and
a discharge tube located close to the micro-antenna.
[claim18]
18. The microplasma jet generator according to claim 17, wherein the micro-antenna includes at least three of the U-shaped portions.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • ICHIKI TAKANORI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Nano Virtual Lab (Virtual Laboratory in Nanotechnology Areas) Creation of Innovative Technology by Integration of Nanotechnology with Information. Biological, and Environmental Technologies AREA
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