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Liquid crystal lens in which a voltage imparts optimal first-stage optical properties to the liquid crystal lens by influencing a liquid crystal layer

Foreign code F110005588
File No. RJ008P18WO
Posted date Sep 8, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 67879407
Gazette No. 20070139333
Gazette No. 8194228
Date of filing Feb 26, 2007
Gazette Date Jun 21, 2007
Gazette Date Jun 5, 2012
Priority data
  • P2004-246860 (Aug 26, 2004) JP
  • P2005-052626 (Feb 28, 2005) JP
  • 2005WO-JP15464 (Aug 25, 2005) WO
Title Liquid crystal lens in which a voltage imparts optimal first-stage optical properties to the liquid crystal lens by influencing a liquid crystal layer
Abstract (US8194228)
The focal distance can be greatly changed by performing an electrical control in an optical element.
The optical element comprises a first substrate having a first electrode, a second substrate, a second electrode arranged outside the second substrate, and a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate and constituted by liquid crystal molecules oriented.
A first voltage is applied between the first electrode and the second electrode, thereby controlling the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, whereby the optical element operates.
A third electrode is provided on an insulating layer and outside the second electrode.
A second voltage independent of the first voltage is applied to the third electrode, thereby changing the optical properties.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A liquid crystal lens, comprising: a first substrate having a first electrode;
a second substrate which faces the first electrode of the first substrate in parallel;
a second electrode arranged outside the second substrate, the outside being an opposite side of the first substrate, and the second electrode having a hole;
a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate and constituted by oriented liquid crystal molecules;
an insulating layer attached to the second electrode and an inside area of the hole on the second substrate;
a third electrode, which is transparent, being arranged and in contact with the insulating layer and covering the hole;
a first voltage-applying unit configured to apply a first voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode to control an orientation of the liquid crystal molecules; and
a second voltage-applying unit configured to apply a second voltage between the first electrode and the third electrode to control the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, the second voltage being independent of the first voltage, wherein
the first and second substrates and the liquid crystal layer have parallel and planar structures,
the second substrate does not include a hole,
the first and second substrates and the third electrode are not deformed even when the focus is to be changed,
an opening portion of the liquid crystal lens corresponds to the hole, and
the first voltage has a fixed value that imparts optimal first-stage optical properties to the liquid crystal lens by influencing the liquid crystal layer, and the second voltage is changed to vary second-stage optical properties of the liquid crystal lens by influencing the same liquid crystal layer.
[claim2]
2. A liquid crystal lens, comprising: a first substrate having a first electrode;
a second substrate which faces the first electrode of the first substrate in parallel;
a second electrode arranged outside the second substrate, the outside being an opposite side of the first substrate, and the second electrode having a hole;
a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate and constituted by oriented liquid crystal molecules;
an insulating layer attached to the second electrode and an inside area of the hole on the second substrate;
a third electrode, which is transparent, being arranged and in contact with the insulating layer and covering the hole;
a first voltage-applying unit configured to apply a first voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode to control an orientation of the liquid crystal molecules; and
a second voltage-applying unit configured to apply a second voltage between the first electrode and the third electrode to control the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, the second voltage being independent of the first voltage, wherein
the first and second substrates and the liquid crystal layer have parallel and planar structures,
the second substrate does not include a hole,
the first and second substrates and the third electrode are not deformed even when the focus is to be changed,
an opening portion of the liquid crystal lens corresponds to the hole, and
the second voltage has a fixed value that imparts optimal first-stage optical properties to the liquid crystal lens by influencing the liquid crystal layer, and the first voltage is changed to vary second-stage optical properties of the liquid crystal lens by influencing the same liquid crystal layer.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SATO SUSUMU
  • YE MAO
  • AKITA CENTER TO IMPLEMENT VIRGOROUS ENTERPRISES
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G02F001/1343A
  • G02F001/29
  • S02F001/29M
  • S02F201/12
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