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Apparatus and method for reading fluorescence

外国特許コード F110005640
整理番号 RX08P12WO
掲載日 2011年9月9日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 52778007
公報番号 20100140503
公報番号 8384044
出願日 平成19年8月27日(2007.8.27)
公報発行日 平成22年6月10日(2010.6.10)
公報発行日 平成25年2月26日(2013.2.26)
国際出願番号 JP2007000910
国際公開番号 WO2008102417
国際出願日 平成19年8月27日(2007.8.27)
国際公開日 平成20年8月28日(2008.8.28)
優先権データ
  • 特願2007-038706 (2007.2.19) JP
  • 2007WO-JP00910 (2007.8.27) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Apparatus and method for reading fluorescence
発明の概要(英語) (US8384044)
It is an objection of the present invention to provide a fluorescence reading apparatus in view of the influence of fluorescence derived from a fluorescence substance that is not involved with an interaction between a probe substance and a target substance.
The above-mentioned problem is solved by a fluorescence reading apparatus 12 comprising an incidence angle adjusting means 10 for adjusting an incidence angle when light from a light source 7 is incident on a substrate 2; and a controller 11 that controls an amount of the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10 and also comprises a means for receiving information on the incidence angle and information on the fluorescence intensities or fluorescence images at a plurality of incidence angles and obtaining the penetration depths of the evanescent fields with respect to the plurality of incidence angles from the information on the incidence angles; and a means for obtaining information on the fluorescence intensities in the obtained plurality of penetration depths.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A fluorescence reading apparatus 12 that detects a specific interaction between a probe substance and a target substance, comprising: a substrate 2 to which a probe substance 1 is fixed;
a sample chamber 6 that accommodates the probe substance 1 and also accommodates a sample 5 that contains a fluorescent substance 3 and a target substance 4 such that the sample is brought into contact with the probe substance 1;
a light source 7;
an optical system 8 that guides the light from the light source 7 to the substrate 2 to generate an evanescent field; and
a fluorescence detecting unit 9 that detects a fluorescence intensity or a fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3 excited by the evanescent field,
wherein the optical system 8 comprises an incidence angle adjusting means 10 for adjusting an incidence angle when the light from the light source 7 is incident on the substrate 2;
and a controller 11 that controls an amount of the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10; wherein the controller 11 comprises a means for receiving information on the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10 and information on the fluorescence intensities or fluorescence images at a plurality of incidence angles detected by the fluorescence detecting unit 9 and obtaining the penetration depths of the evanescent fields with respect to the plurality of incidence angles from the information on the incidence angles; and a means for obtaining information on the fluorescence intensities in the obtained plurality of penetration depths; and
wherein the controller comprises a means for obtaining a graph, using the relationships between the penetration depths of the evanescent fields and the fluorescence intensities with respect to the plurality of penetration depths, where one axis represents the fluorescence intensity while the other axis represents the penetration depth of the evanescent field.
[claim2]
2. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, wherein the optical system 8 comprises an optical element 13 on which the light from the light source 7 is incident; and an objective lens 14 on which the light transmitted through the optical element is incident; and
wherein the incidence angle adjusting means 10 comprises an optical element moving means for moving the optical element 13 such that the position relative to the objective lens 14 is changed.
[claim3]
3. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, comprising a substrate moving means 15 for moving the position of the substrate 2.
[claim4]
4. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, wherein the controller further comprises: a means for obtaining a hypothetical fluorescence intensity, using each point on the graph, when the penetration depth of the evanescent field is zero;
a means for comparing a set threshold and the hypothetical fluorescence intensity when the penetration depth of the evanescent field is zero; and
a means for determining whether the probe substance 1 and the target substance 4 have interacted with each other using the comparison result.
[claim5]
5. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, wherein the controller comprises a means for observing elapsed time.
[claim6]
6. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, wherein not only a connecting pipe, that connects the sample chamber and a sample storage storing the target substance, is connected to the uppermost-stream region of the sample chamber, but also one or more connecting pipes are connected to the midstream region of the sample chamber.
[claim7]
7. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, comprising a plurality of objective lenses and also comprising an optical system that guides light to the plurality of objective lenses.
[claim8]
8. The fluorescence reading apparatus 12 as claimed in claim 1, comprising a sample storage storing the target substance and a connecting pipe that connects the sample storage and a plurality of sample chambers, wherein the connecting pipe has a branch portion, and the downstream portions of each connecting pipe branched by the branch portion of the connecting pipe are connected to the plurality of sample chambers respectively.
[claim9]
9. A fluorescence reading apparatus 12 that detects a specific interaction between a probe substance and a target substance, comprising: a substrate 2 to which a probe substance 1 is fixed;
a sample chamber 6 that accommodates the probe substance 1 and also accommodates a sample 5 that contains a fluorescent substance 3 and a target substance 4 such that the sample is brought into contact with the probe substance 1;
a light source 7; an optical system 8 that guides the light from the light source 7 to the substrate 2 to generate an evanescent field; and
a fluorescence detecting unit 9 that detects a fluorescence intensity or a fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3 excited by the evanescent field,
wherein the optical system 8 comprises an incidence angle adjusting means 10 for adjusting an incidence angle when the light from the light source 7 is incident on the substrate 2;
and a controller 11 that controls an amount of the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10, wherein the controller 11 comprises a means for receiving information on the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10 and information on the fluorescence intensities or fluorescence images at a plurality of incidence angles detected by the fluorescence detecting unit 9 and obtaining the penetration depths of the evanescent fields with respect to the plurality of incidence an angles from the information on the incidence angles; and a means for obtaining information on the fluorescence intensities in the obtained plurality of penetration depths; and
wherein the substrate 2 comprises a spot 21 to which the probe substance 1 is fixed;
wherein the fluorescence detecting unit 9 obtains the fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3; and
wherein the controller 11 comprises a means for scanning the fluorescence image to compute a boundary 21 at which the fluorescence intensity is changed; a means for grasping a region 23 inside the spot and a region 24 outside the spot in the fluorescence image from the shape of the boundary; and a means for obtaining the fluorescence intensity inside the spot.
[claim10]
10. A fluorescence reading apparatus 12 that detects a specific interaction between a probe substance and a target substance, comprising: a substrate 2 to which a probe substance 1 is fixed;
a sample chamber 6 that accommodates the probe substance 1 and also accommodates a sample 5 that contains a fluorescent substance 3 and a target substance 4 such that the sample is brought into contact with the probe substance 1;
a light source 7;
an optical system 8 that guides the light from the light source 7 to the substrate 2 to generate an evanescent field; and
a fluorescence detecting unit 9 that detects a fluorescence intensity or a fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3 excited by the evanescent field,
wherein the optical system 8 comprises an incidence angle adjusting means 10 for adjusting an incidence angle when the light from the light source 7 is incident on the substrate 2; and a controller 11 that controls an amount of the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10; and
wherein the controller 11 comprises a means for receiving information on the incidence angle adjusted by the incidence angle adjusting means 10 and information on the fluorescence intensities or fluorescence images at a plurality of incidence angles detected by the fluorescence detecting unit 9 and obtaining the penetration depths of the evanescent fields with respect to the plurality of incidence angles from the information on the incidence angles; and a means for obtaining information on the fluorescence intensities in the obtained plurality of penetration depths; and
wherein the concentration of the probe substance 1 is increased toward the downstream region of the sample chamber in the substrate 2 to which the probe substance is fixed.
[claim11]
11. A fluorescence reading method using a fluorescence reading apparatus that detects a specific interaction between a probe substance and a target substance, comprising: a substrate 2 to which a probe substance 1 is fixed;
a sample chamber 6 that accommodates the probe substance 1 and also accommodates a sample 5 that contains a fluorescent substance 3 and a target substance 4 such that the sample is brought into contact with the probe substance 1;
a light source 7;
an optical system 8 that guides the light from the light source 7 to the substrate 2 to generate an evanescent field; and
a fluorescence detecting unit 9 that detects a fluorescence intensity or a fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3 excited by the evanescent field,
characterized in that a step of changing the penetration depth of the evanescent field and a step of obtaining the fluorescence intensity after the penetration depth of the evanescent field is changed are repeatedly performed to obtain the fluorescence intensities in a plurality of penetration depths of the evanescent fields,
wherein a graph is obtained where one axis represents the fluorescence intensity while the other axis represents the penetration depth of the evanescent field, using the relationships between the penetration depths of the evanescent fields and the fluorescence intensities with respect to the plurality of penetration depths.
[claim12]
12. A fluorescence reading method as claimed in claim 9, wherein, in the step of changing the penetration depth of the evanescent field, the penetration depth of the evanescent field is changed by adjusting the incidence angle of the light incident on the substrate 2.
[claim13]
13. A fluorescence reading method as claimed in claim 9, wherein the substrate (2) comprises a spot 21 to which the probe substance 1 is fixed; and
wherein the relationships between the penetration depths of the evanescent fields and the fluorescence intensities with respect to the plurality of penetration depths are obtained for a certain spot 21 and then the relationships between the penetration depths of the evanescent fields and the fluorescence intensities with respect to the plurality of penetration depths are obtained for the spot 21 after a predetermined time has elapsed.
[claim14]
14. A fluorescence reading apparatus 12 that detects a specific interaction between a probe substance and a target substance, comprising: a substrate 2 to which a probe substance 1 is fixed;
a sample chamber 6 that accommodates the probe substance 1 and also accommodates a sample 5 that contains a fluorescent substance 3 and a target substance 4 such that the sample is brought into contact with the probe substance 1;
a light source 7;
an optical system 8 that guides the light from the light source 7 to the substrate 2 to generate an evanescent field; and
a fluorescence detecting unit 9 that detects a fluorescence intensity or a fluorescence image generated by the fluorescent substance 3 excited by the evanescent field,
characterized in that the concentration of the probe substance 1 is increased toward the downstream region of the sample chamber in the substrate 2 to which the probe substance is fixed.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • SUGIURA TADAO
  • MORI MASATO
  • INAMOTO EIJI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • NARA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • G01N021/64P2
  • G01N021/64P4C
  • G01N021/64P8
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