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Process for producing emulsion and microcapsules and apparatus therefor achieved

Foreign code F110005693
File No. Y0144WO
Posted date Sep 12, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 46801502
Gazette No. 20040068019
Gazette No. 7268167
Date of filing Feb 13, 2002
Gazette Date Apr 8, 2004
Gazette Date Sep 11, 2007
International application number JP2002001186
International publication number WO2002068104
Date of international filing Feb 13, 2002
Date of international publication Sep 6, 2002
Priority data
  • P2001-048097 (Feb 23, 2001) JP
  • P2001-238624 (Aug 7, 2001) JP
  • 2002WO-JP01186 (Feb 13, 2002) WO
Title Process for producing emulsion and microcapsules and apparatus therefor achieved
Abstract (US7268167)
A process and apparatus for rapidly producing an emulsion and microcapsules in a simple manner.
A dispersion phase is ejected from a dispersion phase-feeding port toward a continuous phase flowing in a microchannel such that flows of the dispersion phase and the continuous phase cross each other, thereby obtaining microdroplets, formed by the shear force of the continuous phase, having a size smaller than the width of the channel for feeding the dispersion phase.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A process for producing an emulsion, comprising a step of ejecting a dispersion phase flowing in a dispersion phase-feeding microchannel from a dispersion phase-feeding port toward a continuous phase flowing in a microchannel in such a manner that flows of the dispersion phase and the continuous phase cross each other and part of the continuous phase extends through the dispersion phase-feeding port, whereby microdroplets are formed by the shear force of the continuous phase, the microdroplets having a diameter smaller than the width of the dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel.
[claim2]
2. A process for producing microcapsules, comprising the steps of: feeding a first dispersion phase from a first dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel into a continuous phase flowing in a microchannel at a first junction point in such a manner that the continuous phase flows as a layer and the first dispersion phase flows as another layer, thereby forming a two-layered flow;
and
feeding a second dispersion phase from a second dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel into the flow of the first dispersion phase in the two-layered flow at a second junction point, whereby microcapsules are formed in the continuous phase, the microcapsules including the second dispersion phase encapsulated by the first dispersion phase as shells.
[claim3]
3. An apparatus for producing an emulsion, comprising: a main body;
a microchannel formed in the main body, within which a continuous phase flows;a dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel formed in the main body in a direction to cross the microchannel, the dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel including a dispersion phase-feeding port;means for feeding a dispersion phase from the dispersion phase-feeding port to the continuous phase in such a manner that flows of the continuous and the dispersion phase cross each other, the dispersion phase-feeding port having a same width as that of the dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel;
and
means for forming microdroplets, whereby part of the continuous phase extends through the dispersion phase-feeding port, and microdroplets may be formed by the shear force of the continuous phase, the microdroplets having a diameter smaller than the width of the dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel.
[claim4]
4. The apparatus for producing an emulsion according to claim 3 further comprising films, disposed on portions of inner wall surfaces of the microchannel in which the continuous phase flows and the micro-channel for feeding the dispersion phase, for readily forming the microdroplets, wherein the portions include the junction of the flows of the continuous phase and the dispersion phase and the vicinity of the junction.
[claim5]
5. An apparatus for producing microcapsules, comprising: a main body;a microchannel formed in the main body, wherein a continuous phase flows;a first dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel formed in the main body in direction to cross the microchannel, the first dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel including a first dispersion phase-feeding port to feed a first dispersion phase, wherein the continuous phase in the microchannel and the first dispersion phase from the first dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel form a two-layered flow at the first dispersion phase-feeding port;a second dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel formed in the main body in a direction to cross the microchannel, the second dispersion phase-feeding micro-channel including a second dispersion phase-feeding port to feed a second dispersion phase, wherein the second dispersion phase may be fed into the first dispersion phase in the two-layered flow at the second dispersion phase-feeding port;
and
means for forming microcapsules, whereby microcapsules are formed in the continuous phase, the microcapsules including the second dispersion phase encapsulated by the first dispersion phase as shells.
[claim6]
6. The apparatus for producing microcapsules according to claim 5 further comprising films, disposed on portions of inner wall surfaces of the microchannel in which the continuous phase flows and the micro-channel for feeding the first or second dispersion phase, for readily forming the microdroplets, wherein the portions include the junction of the flows of the continuous phase and the first or second dispersion phase and the vicinity of the junction.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • HIGUCHI TOSHIRO
  • TORII TORU
  • NISHISAKO TAKASHI
  • TANIGUCHI TOMOHIRO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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