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Body temperature holding device with heart rate and respiration rate detecting function for small animals and heart rate and respiration rate measuring system for small animals using the device achieved

Foreign code F110005708
File No. Y0247WO
Posted date Sep 12, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 50398503
Gazette No. 20050039699
Gazette No. 7174854
Date of filing Feb 4, 2003
Gazette Date Feb 24, 2005
Gazette Date Feb 13, 2007
International application number JP2003001109
International publication number WO2003067967
Date of international filing Feb 4, 2003
Date of international publication Aug 21, 2003
Priority data
  • P2002-036620 (Feb 14, 2002) JP
  • 2003WO-JP01109 (Feb 4, 2003) WO
Title Body temperature holding device with heart rate and respiration rate detecting function for small animals and heart rate and respiration rate measuring system for small animals using the device achieved
Abstract (US7174854)
A device, for maintaining body temperature with detection of heart rate and respiratory rate small animals, has a layered structure and includes a sheet-like pressure-sensitive sensor superimposed on a flat-plate heater and sandwiched between thin insulation sheets.
A spacer formed of a metallic plate, having a hole into which the pressure-sensitive sensor is fitted, is also provided between the thin insulation sheets.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A device for maintaining body temperature and detecting heart rate and respiratory rate of a small animal, the device having a layered structure and comprising:
(a) a flat-plate heater;(b) a pressure-sensitive sensor sandwiched between thin insulation sheets superimposed on the flat-plate heater;(c) a planar spacer for equalizing the temperature distribution and dispersing the load of a small animal supported thereon, the spacer being sandwiched between the thin insulation sheets and having a hole in which the pressure-sensitive sensor is fitted;
and(d) a temperature sensor provided on the spacer.
[claim2]
2. The device according to claim 1, wherein the spacer is a metallic plate.
[claim3]
3. A heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system for a small animal comprising:
(a) a flat-plate heater;(b) a pressure-sensitive sensor that is sandwiched between thin insulation sheets superimposed on the flat-plate heater;(c) a planar spacer for equalizing the temperature distribution and dispersing the load of the small animal supported thereon, the spacer being sandwiched between the thin insulation sheets and having a hole in which the pressure sensor is fitted;(d) a temperature sensor provided on the spacer;(e) a control device for maintaining the body temperature of the small animal and for acquiring information as an electrical signal from the pressure-sensitive sensor to determine respiratory rate and heart rate, with the chest of the small animal placed over the pressure-sensitive sensor;
and(f) a monitoring device for monitoring the respiratory rate and heart rate of the small animal.
[claim4]
4. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 3, wherein the spacer is a metallic plate.
[claim5]
5. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 4, further comprising a low bandpass filter for processing the information acquired from the pressure-sensitive sensor to measure the respiratory rate of the small animal and a high bandpass filter for measuring the heart rate of the small animal.
[claim6]
6. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 5, further comprising: a terminal which receives outputs from the filters and which outputs analog output with waveforms of heartbeats and respiration;
and
means for converting the analog output into a digital signal to measure the heart rate and the respiratory rate.
[claim7]
7. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 6, wherein the control device is a microprocessor including a storage medium containing a stored program for eliminating pulses caused by noise among the digitized heartbeat pulses and for determining whether the digitized heartbeat pulses are a pattern wherein one pulse corresponds to one heartbeat or a pattern wherein two pulses correspond to one heartbeat.
[claim8]
8. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 6, further comprising a high band-pass filter circuit comprising: a high-pass filter for producing a filtered output;
an amplifier for amplifying the filtered output to produce an amplified signal;
and
an integration circuit that receives the amplified signal with output to a first differential amplifier which supplies the analog output.
[claim9]
9. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 8, the means for converting the analog output into the digital signal is a circuit comprising: a positive-signal peak-hold circuit and a negative-signal peak-hold circuit, both of which have a holding time of around several milliseconds and are connected to two input terminals of a second differential amplifier.
[claim10]
10. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 9, wherein each of the peak-hold circuits includes a capacitor connected in parallel to a resistor in a rectification circuit having a diode connected in series to the resistor.
[claim11]
11. The heart rate and respiratory rate measurement system according to claim 5, further comprising: a terminal which receives outputs from the filters and which outputs analog output with waveforms of heartbeats and respirationdisplay device for observing the heartbeats and the respiration based on the output from the terminal.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • SATO SHINICHI
  • YAMADA KATSUYA
  • INAGAKI NOBUYA
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • A01K001/015D
  • A01K001/035B
  • A01K001/03A
  • A01K029/00
  • A61B005/0205
  • A61B005/024H
  • A61B005/08R
  • K61B005/113
  • K61B005/11H2
  • K61B005/11J
  • K61F007/00E
  • K61F007/02
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