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Optical signal amplifying triode and optical signal transfer method, optical signal relay device, and optical signal storage device using the same

外国特許コード F110005720
整理番号 Y0345US2
掲載日 2011年9月12日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 78324407
公報番号 20070183713
公報番号 7336871
出願日 平成19年4月6日(2007.4.6)
公報発行日 平成19年8月9日(2007.8.9)
公報発行日 平成20年2月26日(2008.2.26)
国際出願番号 JP2003011961
国際公開番号 WO2004038492
国際出願日 平成15年9月19日(2003.9.19)
国際公開日 平成16年5月6日(2004.5.6)
優先権データ
  • 特願2002-308946 (2002.10.23) JP
  • 特願2003-059382 (2003.3.6) JP
  • 特願2003-287576 (2003.8.6) JP
  • 2003WO-JP11961 (2003.9.19) WO
  • 2005US-10532422 (2005.7.22) US
発明の名称 (英語) Optical signal amplifying triode and optical signal transfer method, optical signal relay device, and optical signal storage device using the same
発明の概要(英語) (US7336871)
When in an optical signal amplifying triode 10 , light of a second wavelength lambda2, selected from among light from a first optical amplifier 26 , into which a first input light L1 of a first wavelength lambda1 and a second input light L2 of second wavelength lambda2 have been input, and a third input light (control light) L3 of a third wavelength lambda3 are input into a second optical amplifier 34 , an output light L4 of the third wavelength lambda3, selected from among the light output from the second optical amplifier 34 , is light that is modulated in response to the intensity variation of one or both of the first input light L1 of the first wavelength lambda1 and the third input light L3 of the third wavelength lambda3 and is an amplified signal, with which the signal gain with respect to the third input light (control light) L3 of the third wavelength lambda3 is of a magnitude of 2 or more.
An optical signal amplifying triode 10 , which can directly perform an optical signal amplification process using control input light, can thus be provided.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. An optical signal amplifying triode comprising: a first semiconductor optical amplifier and a second semiconductor optical amplifier, each equipping an active layer formed of a pn junction and amplifying, performing wavelength conversion on, and then outputting an optical signal input therein;
a first optical input means, inputting a first input light of a first wavelength and a second input light of a second wavelength into the first semiconductor optical amplifier;
a first wavelength selector, selecting light of the second wavelength from among the light from the first semiconductor optical amplifier;a second optical input means, inputting the light of second wavelength that has been selected by the first wavelength selector and a third input light of a third wavelength into the second semiconductor optical amplifier;
and
a second wavelength selector, selecting output light of the third wavelength from among the light from the second semiconductor optical amplifier;
and
being characterized in that the output light of the third wavelength is modulated in response to the intensity variation of either or both of the first input light of the first wavelength and the third input light of the third wavelength and the signal gain with respect to the third input light of the third wavelength is 2 or more.
[claim2]
2. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein the first input light of the first wavelength is modulated light, the second input light of the second wavelength is continuous light, the third input light of the third wavelength is control light, and the output light of the third wavelength has a signal waveform, with which the modulation signal of the first input light is amplified, in the input interval of the control light.
[claim3]
3. The optical signal amplifying triode claim 1, wherein the third wavelength is the same as the first wavelength.
[claim4]
4. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein the signal gain of the output light of the third wavelength with respect to the control light of the third wavelength is 10 or more.
[claim5]
5. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein the active layers of the semiconductor optical amplifiers are arranged from quantum wells, a strained-layer superlattice, or quantum dots.
[claim6]
6. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, further comprising: a reflecting means, reflecting light that has been transmitted through the active layer of an above-mentioned semiconductor optical amplifier towards the semiconductor optical amplifier or the other semiconductor optical amplifier.
[claim7]
7. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein either or each of the first semiconductor optical amplifier and second semiconductor optical amplifier is equipped at one face thereof with a reflecting means that selectively reflects light, and the reflection means is optically coupled via a lens to either or each of the first semiconductor optical amplifier and second semiconductor optical amplifier.
[claim8]
8. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 6, wherein the reflecting means comprises: a first wavelength selective mirror, which, among the light from the first semiconductor optical amplifier, does not reflect the first input light of the first wavelength but reflects light of the second wavelength to the second semiconductor optical amplifier;
and a second wavelength selective mirror, which, among the light from the second semiconductor optical amplifier, does not reflect the second input light of the first wavelength but reflects light of the third wavelength.
[claim9]
9. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 6, wherein a wavelength selective filter, which does not transmit light of the first wavelength but transmits light of the second wavelength, is disposed between one end face of the first semiconductor optical amplifier and the reflecting means for reflecting light, and a wavelength selective filter, which does not transmit light of the second wavelength but transmits the wavelength of the control light, is disposed between one end face of the second semiconductor optical amplifier and the reflecting means for reflecting light.
[claim10]
10. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 6, wherein the reflecting means functions as either or both of the first wavelength selector and second wavelength selector and the output light from an above-mentioned semiconductor optical amplifier is input into the other semiconductor optical amplifier by changing one or both of the incidence angle of the input light and the emission angle of the output light with respect to the reflecting means.
[claim11]
11. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of sets of the first semiconductor optical amplifier and second semiconductor optical amplifier are disposed in optical waveguides formed on a semiconductor substrate and these sets are integrated as a single chip.
[claim12]
12. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, further comprising an optical circulator or a directional coupler, which makes input light be input into an above-mentioned semiconductor optical amplifier through one end face of the semiconductor optical amplifier and guides light, output from the semiconductor optical amplifier through the one end face, to an optical path that differs from that of the input light.
[claim13]
13. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein a wavelength selective mirror or wavelength selective filter that functions as the first wavelength selector or second wavelength selector is disposed inside an optical path and is arranged from any among the group consisting of a grating filter, with which the refractive index is varied periodically in the light propagation direction, a multilayer film filter, formed by layering a plurality of sets of layers that differ in refractive index, and a photonic crystal, having a photonic bandgap.
[claim14]
14. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein the optical signal amplifying triode makes up an optical NAND gate, an optical NOR gate, an optical flip-flop circuit, or an optical operational amplifier.
[claim15]
15. The optical signal amplifying triode according to claim 1, wherein the second wavelength selector selects, from among the light output from the second semiconductor optical amplifier element, an output light of the third wavelength that corresponds to the wavelength of the control light and distributes the output light of the third wavelength among a plurality of optical transmission paths in accordance with the wavelength of the output light of the third wavelength.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • MAEDA YOSHINOBU
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
国際特許分類(IPC)
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